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active enemies Article authorities bellig belligerent nation Blatchford's Prize blockade Bluntschli Bolivia breach of neutrality capture cargo civil Clercq Code Codifié commander commencement confiscation contraband contraband of war Cranch's U. S. Supr Crimean war Dana's Wheaton declaration defined detention Droit des Gens effect Elem enemy's Fioré foreigners Franco-Prussian war Halleck hostile nation illegal intercourse interdiction jurisdiction Law & Laws Law and Laws Law of Nations Lawrence's Wheaton Laws of War Lieber's Instructions Lushington's Naval Prize March 9 martial law Martial rule military law military occupation national character Naval Prize Law neutral nation obligation officers parole party passive enemies persons Peru prisoners prisoners of war private property private ship prize court provisions punished Robinson's Rep territory tion treaty of peace Twiss U. S. Circ U. S. Dist U. S. Stat United unlawful Vattel vessel violation of neutrality Wallace's U. S. Supr
Page 615 - Secondly, not to permit or suffer either belligerent to make use of its ports or waters as the. base of naval operations against the other, or for the purpose of the renewal or augmentation of military supplies or arms, or the recruitment of men. Thirdly, to exercise due diligence in its own ports and waters, and, as to all persons within its jurisdiction, to prevent any violation of the foregoing obligations and duties.
Page 575 - The neutral flag covers enemy's goods, with the exception of contraband of war ; 3. Neutral goods, with the exception of contraband of war, are not liable to capture under enemy's flag; 4. Blockades, in order to be binding, must be effective ; that is to say, maintained by a force sufficient really to prevent access to the coast of the enemy.
Page 494 - If the citizen or subject of a country or place invaded or conquered gives information to his own government, from which he is separated by the hostile army, or to the army of his government, he is a war traitor, and death is the penalty of his offence.
Page 615 - ... carry on war against a Power with which it is at peace; and also to use like diligence to prevent the departure from its jurisdiction of any vessel intended to cruise or carry on war as above, such vessel having been specially adapted, in whole or in part, within such jurisdiction, to warlike use.
Page 624 - Every person who has actual notice of circumstances sufficient to put a prudent man upon inquiry as to a particular fact, has constructive notice of the fact itself in all cases in which, by prosecuting such inquiry, he might have learned such fact.— Code amend.— 1873:182.
Page 468 - The parties belligerent in a public war are independent nations. But it is not necessary to, constitute war, that both parties should be acknowledged as independent nations or sovereign States. A war may exist where one of the belligerents claims sovereign rights as against the other.
Page 574 - And whereas it frequently happens that vessels sail for a port or place belonging to an enemy without knowing that the same is either besieged, blockaded, or invested, it is agreed that every vessel so circumstanced may be turned away from such port or place ; but she shall not be detained, nor her cargo, if not contraband, be confiscated, unless after notice she shall again attempt to enter, but she shall be permitted to go to any other port or place she may think proper...
Page 489 - States, or any of them, or against the property of any of the inhabitants of any of them, from any prince or state with which the said United States shall be at war ; nor shall any...
Page 491 - Men, or squads of men, who commit hostilities, whether by fighting, or inroads for destruction or plunder, or by raids of any kind, without commission, without being part and portion of the organized hostile army, and without sharing continuously in the war, but who do so with intermitting returns to their homes and avocations, or with the occasional assumption of the semblance of peaceful pursuits...
Page 504 - Spies, war-traitors and war-rebels are not exchanged according to the common law of war. The exchange of such persons would require a special cartel authorized by the Government or at a great distance from it by the chief commander of the army in the field. 104. A successful spy or war-traitor safely returned to his own army and afterwards captured as an enemy is not subject to punishment for his acts as a spy or war-traitor, but he may be held in closer custody as a person individually dangerous.