The Biogeochemistry of the Amazon Basin

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Michael E. McClain, Reynaldo L. Victoria, Jeffrey Edward Richey
Oxford University Press, 2001 - 365 pages
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With a complex assemblage of largely intact ecosystems that support the earth's greatest diversity of life, the Amazon basin is a focal point of international scientific interest. And, as development and colonization schemes transform the landscape in increasing measure, scientists from around the world are directing attention to questions of regional and global significance. Some of these qustions are: What are the fluxes of greenhouse gases across the atmospheric interface of ecosystems? How mush carbon is stored in the biomass and soils of the basin? How are elements from the land transferred to the basin's surface waters? What is the sum of elements transferred from land to ocean, and what is its marine "fate"? This book of original chapters by experts in chemical and biological oceanography, tropical agronomy and biology, and the atmospheric sciences will address these and other important questions, with the aim of synthesizing the current knowledge of biochemical processes
operating within and between the various ecosystems in the Amazon basin.

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1 The Relevance of Biogeochemistry to Amazon Development and Conservation
2 General Characteristics and Variability of Climate in the Amazon Basin and its Links to the Global Climate System
3 The Atmospheric Component of Biogeochemical Cycles in the Amazon Basin
4 Soil versus Biological Controls on Nutrient Cycling in Terra Firme Forests
5 Nutrient Cycling as a Function of Landscape and Biotic Characteristics in the Cerrados of Central Brazil
6 Linking Biogeochemical Cycles to Cattle Pasture Management and Sustainability in The Amazon Basin
7 Nutrient Considerations in the Use of Silviculture for Land Development and Rehabilitation in the Amazon
8 Extractive Reserves and Participatory Research as Factors in the Biogeochemistry of the Amazon Basin
11 Carbon Storage in Biomass and Soils
12 Terrestrial Inputs to Amazon Streams and Internal Biogeochemical Processing
13 Geoecological Controls on Elemental Fluxes in Communities of Higher Plants in Amazonian floodplains
14 Biogeochemistry of Amazon Floodplain Lakes and Associated Wetlands
15 Organic Matter and Nutrients in the Mainstem Amazon River
16 Trace Elements in the Mainstem Amazon River
Changes in Dissolved and Particulate Fluxes During RiverOcean Mixing

9 The Recovery of Biomass Nutrient Stocks and DeepSoil Functions in Secondary Forests
10 The Interface Between Economics and Nutrient Cycling in Amazon Land Development

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About the author (2001)

Michael E. McClain is at Florida International University. Reynaldo Victoria is at Universidad de Sao Paulo.

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