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A.D. 1694. the maintenance of such youth at either of the aforesaid universities, for the full space of four years and no longer.” The above directions, however, are not now strictly adhered to by the trustees, but the money is distributed more in accordance with the advanced requirements of the times. In the fourth register of burials of the parish church under date December 15th, 1695, is entered the burial of a Dutchman's child.

1695.

1697. Petition to Parliament.

Northallerton

Ale.

1698. Quakers

buried in the

On the 15th February, (10 Wm. III.) a petition of the ancient borough of Northallerton, in the county of York, was presented to the house, and read: setting forth, That quantities of lead, butter, and other commodities are daily carried from thence to Burrough-Briggs; and thence by water upon the river Ouze to several parts of this kingdom, and beyond the seas; but in case the rivers Ayre and Calder be made navigable as is intended by a bill now in this house, it will drain the river Ouze, and deprive the petitioners of the benefit they receive thereby: And pray, that the said rivers may not be made navigable. Ordered, that the consideration of the said petition be referred to the committee to whom the said bill is committed.*

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"The town," says Langdale, was never incorporated, neither is there any particular manufactory carried on therein. But it appears formerly to have enjoyed a distinguished reputation for the particular manufacture, if we may be allowed the expression, of Strong Ale, which we are sorry to find, says Langdale, both here and everywhere else, very much on the decline. The following couplet occurs in a poem by Giles Mornington in praise of Yorkshire Ale, published in York in this year :

"Northallerton, in Yorkshire, does excel,

All England, nay, all Europe, for strong ale,"

and the person it seems most celebrated at that time for making this" humming stuff" was Mrs. Bradley. †

In the fourth register of burials of the parish church under date 1698, the following entry appears :—June ye 5th,

churchyard. 1698.

Another petition.

James Whitehead, buried

Elizabeth Metcalfe, buried } Quakers, both.

On the 7th March, (11 Wm. III.) a petition of the shoemakers in and about this borough was presented to the house and read: setting forth, That some attempt had been made to export tanned leather, which, if permitted, would impoverish and ruin the petitioners, and especially the dealers in thin work, there being persons buying up great quantities of

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calves' skins to send beyond sea, so that the petitioners would not be able to furnish themselves at any rates to carry on their trades, which by the duty on leather was brought so low that they could scarce live; and praying that the exportation of tanned leather might be stopped effectually. Ordered, that the said petition do lie upon the table.*

Entry in parish books:-Paid to ringers when the quene was proclaimed, 5s.

Entry in parish books :-To ringers on coronation day, 5s., oyle for bells, 3d.

Ralph Thoresby, the antiquary, visited Northallerton, which he thus records in his diary—

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A.D. 1698.

1701.

1702.

1703. Thoresby, the

May 17. Along the banks of Swale, are the very Antiquarian. pleasant gardens of sir William Robinson,† lately lord mayor of York, but a few miles after a more doleful object of Mr. Busby hanging in chains, for the murder of his father-in-law, Daniel Anty, formerly a Leeds clothier, who having too little honesty to balance his skill in engraving, &c., was generally suspected for coining, and other indirect ways of attaining that estate which was the occasion of his death, even within sight of his own house. Thence through Sand Hutton, and both the Otteringtons to North Alverton, where we lodged. Upon the road we had a distant prospect of Ounsberry or Rosemary Toppin, a remarkable height, being a mark for the mariners, and a nigher for the growing market town of Thresk, which sends burgesses to parliament, as also does North Alverton-witness Parliamentarius' upon a tomb in the church, for the inscriptions whereof vide the later book of my collections. Was pretty much out of order by the excessive heat, and too unadvisedly drinking a hasty draught of new milk; but after prayer and a tolerable night's rest, was better in the morning, blessed be the God of my mercies!

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"18. Went to view the town; found an hospital, called the earl of Carlisle's, but was the benefaction of another family they matched into, and is only paid by them; it is for four persons, who have each fifty shillings per annum ; transcribed some epitaphs in the church, of which Mr. Francis Kaye was thirty-two years vicar, who left £10 per annum to four widows. I inquired after Mr. George Meriton, an attorney of North Alverton, who writ Anglorum Gesta,' 'Landlord's Law,' 'Nomenclatura Clericalis,' and somewhat of the northern dialect, &c., but could not hear anything

* Commons Journal.

+ M.P. for Northallerton, 1688 to 1695. Vide Appendix.

‡ The earl of Carlisle formerly nominated the poor people to the Maison Dieu, as a descendent of Leonard, son of lord Dacres of Gilsland, who married the heiress of the Strangways family.-Tanner.-Gale.

A.D. 1703. further, than that he removed into Ireland, where he was said to be made a judge, but whether alive or dead, unknown. From North Alverton, we passed by several country villages, but of no great consideration, till we passed the river Tees."

"On his return, May 21, the river Tees not being fordable by reason of the late rains, we went about by Croft bridge. We baited at North Alverton; thence we rode by Sand Hutton, Topcliffe, &c., to Burrowbridge; had wet weather, and one smart thunder-shower, but blessed be God, without any prejudice."

Thoresby often passed through North Allerton. On April 6, 1680, at the age of 22. "Thence to North Alverton, and so to Darlington, expecting there to have met with captain Widdrington." May 22, 1680. "From thence [Durham] to North Alverton, and having dried us there (it being a most stormy rainy day), to Buroughbridge, where we lodged all night." Sept. 6, 1681. "We rode to Burrowbridge, and thence to Topcliffe, where, supposing we should not stay long, left my charged pistols in the bags, which at my mounting again, being gone, caused a great jealousy of some design against us; and the rather, because Mr. H. and his debtor had come to high words, and the landlord took the debtor's part, and denied to send for the ostler, till upon some brisk compliments, we were just for riding to depose upon oath before sir M. Robinson, and then in the very same straw we had sought carefully before, they were found, and one of them where the horse could not get to; which more fully manifested the knavery, as also their leaving, for a pretence, the red bags in the holster; but we got very well, though late, to North Alverton that night."

July 7, 1707. Thoresby sets down "Received a kind visit from Roger Gale, esq., of Scruton, a learned and ingenious gentleman, eldest son of the excellent dean Gale, and parliament-man for North Alverton."

The following letter from Dr. John Sharp, archbishop of York, is fraught with interest.

GOOD MR. THORESBY,

Bishopthorpe, Sept. 7, 1708.

I received your letter, and because I could not answer it myself, I sent it to Mr. Nelson,* whose answer (which I

* Robert Nelson, esq., a pious and learned writer, the reverend friend and executor of the rev. John Kettlewell, was born in London, in 1656; educated at St. Paul's school, and Trinity College, Cambridge. He was author of many popular works-"A Companion to the Festivals and Fasts of the Church of England; "The Practice of the True Devotion; The Whole Duty of a Christian; &c. He died in 1714; buried at St. George the martyr, Queen's Sq., London.

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received this morning) I here send you. I likewise here send A.D. 1703. you an original letter of Mr. Kettlewell's, which I had from Mr. Nelson a post or two before. I had told him likewise that I must have an autograph of Dr. Hickes's, in case you had not any before. But in answer to this, Mr. Nelson tells me that that very post dean Hickes was a-writing to you.

I did not know before I read this letter of Mr. Nelson's, that Dr. Palliser, archbishop of Castells, [Cashel] was a Yorkshireman. So that now we have a list of six archbishops (five of them primates), and that within the compass of thirty years, viz., from 1662 to 1692, all born in Yorkshire; and, I believe, all of them having their education there (I mean as to school learning), viz., archbishop Bramhall, primate of Ireland, who was born at Pontefract, and trained up at school there till he went to Cambridge. He was one of the most learned divines of the age, and none ever better defended the church of England against papists, fanatics, and hobbists than he did. 2. Archbishop Margetson, his successor in the archbishopric of Armagh, who was born at Drighlington, in the parish of Birkstall, or Birstall, and who there founded and liberally endowed a school for the education of boys in grammar learning. 3. This archbishop of Cashel, Dr. Palliser, who, whether he be now living or dead, I do not know. 4. Archbishop Lamplugh, my immediate predecessor, who was born at Thwing, in the East-Riding of Yorkshire. The other two I need not name to you.

I know you delight in these sorts of memorandums. But if I have now told you nothing but what you knew before, I beg your pardon.

I truly thought that our famous Dr. Ratcliffe had been bred at Wakefield school, as Dr. Bentley was, but this account of Mr. Nelson's says otherwise.*

I have no more at this time, but only to beg of you to present my service to all friends at Leeds, Mr. Thornton, Mr. Killingbeck, &c., and to assure you that I am,

* Vide page 93,

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† Archbishop Sharp was himself a Yorkshireman, being born at Bradford, in 1644; educated at the grammar school there and at Christ's coll., Cambridge. He was a man of considerable piety and learning, and distinguished himself by preaching against popery in the reign of James II., which gave such offence to the court, that an order was sent to the bishop of London to suspend him; but the bishop having refused on the ground of its being contrary to law, he as well as Dr. Sharp were suspended by the ecclesiastical commission. After the revolution he became dean of Canterbury Cathedral, and in 1691 archbishop of York. He died 2nd Feb., 1714; bur. in his cathedral, where a monument with Corinthian columns is erected to his memory. (See plate in Drake's Eboracum.) He was the father of Dr. Thomas Sharp, archdeacon of Northumberland, and the learned Granville Sharp.

A.D. 1703.

1704. Entry in

[Dr. Samuel Pullen, archbishop of Tuam, was also a Yorkshireman; he was born at Ripley, and was schoolmaster at Leeds. R. T.]

The following entries appear in the churchwardens' accounts for 1704:-" Paid Mary Brown, for ale, on Easter Parish Books. day, 2s.; paid for a tar-barrell when Tallard* was taken, Is. 2d.; paid to ye ringers at ye said time, 10s., in ale, 3s.; paid for ringing on gunpowder treason, 13s."

1705.

1706. Viscount Northallerton

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Paid to ringers when the news came that Ld. Marleborough had obtained the victory over the French at Brabant, 5s."

On the 9th November, her majesty queen Anne, was pleased to sign a warrant for creating George Augustus, prince electoral of Hanover, a peer of England, by the style and title of baron of Tewksbury, viscount Northallerton, earl of Milford Haven, and marquis and duke of Cambridge; created prince of Wales, 22nd Sept., 1714, K.G.; and ascended the throne as king George II., 11th June, 1727, when all these dignities became merged in the crown.t He married, 2nd September, 1705, the princess Wilhelmina Charlotte Caroline, daughter of John Frederick, marquis of Brandenburgh Anspach, by whom he had two sons, Frederick Lewis, prince of Wales, K.G., born 1709, died vita patris 1751; and William Augustus, duke of Cumberland, K.G., born 1721, died 1765, sine prole; and five daughters, Anne, princess royal, married to William Henry, prince of Orange; Mary, m. Frederick, prince of Hesse-Cassel; Louisa, m. Frederick V. king of Denmark; and Amelia, and Caroline, who were never married.§

Through some private uneasiness which had subsisted between himself and his father (George I.) this prince, for a considerable time, had been a stranger at court. It is evident, however, that this could not have arisen from any dissension in opinion, as to public measures, for, on his

* Marshal Tallard was defeated at the battle of Hochstadt and taken prisoner by the duke of Marlborough, on which occasion he said to the duke, "Your Grace has beaten the finest troops in Europe." The duke answered, "You will except, I hope, those who defeated them." Tallard was brought to England, with 26 other officers of rank, 121 standards, and 179 colours, and remained till 1712, when he returned to Paris, and was created a duke; he died in 1728.

† Nicolas's Synopsis of the Peerage.

This prince mar. in 1736, Augusta, princess of Saxe-Gotha, by whom he had issue five sons-George Augustus, afterwards George III.; Edward Augustus, duke of York, K.G., died in 1767, S.P.; William Henry, duke of Gloucester, K.G., died in 1805; Henry Frederick, duke of Cumberland, K.G., died in 1790, S.P.; Frederick William, died young; and four daughters— Augusta, duchess of Brunswick; Eliza Caroline; Louisa Anne; and Caroline Matilda, queen of Denmark.

§ Smollett. Nicolas.

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