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A.D. 1837.

manor of Northallerton, however, was granted, from the very earliest times of our history, to the bishops of Durham, who were accustomed therefore to superintend this district, and certain other places in the neighbourhood.* One of the bishops of Durham, many centuries ago, gave to the convent of Durham a part of his jurisdiction. The dean and chapter of Durham, as their successors, possess the same power; and it is by virtue of that power, as their representative, that I am enabled to require the churchwardens to bring in their papers, and the clergy of the peculiar also to be present in the church this day. I mention these things because some have inquired by what authority the visitation was held here. I believe that the laws respecting this kind of peculiar ecclesiastical jurisdiction are about to be either materially altered or Abolition of entirely abolished.† When that is done, the authority of the Peculiar. the master keeper of Northallerton, as the representative of the dean and chapter of Durham, will cease. Until, however, the law is altered, the duty I am fulfilling will remain: and it rests, you will perceive, on the same foundation with any other authority of a similar kind, whether of a dean and chapter, of a bishop, or of an archbishop, which may be exercised elsewhere. It rests upon the foundation of a prescription and custom, and therefore of law; which may be traced with more or less exactness, for nearly a thousand years, to the period before the Norman conquest."

Poor Law

The Northallerton Poor Law Union was formed in this Northallerton year, under the provisions of the Act 4 and 5 Will. IV., cap. 76. The Union now comprises an area of 67,000 acres, comprehending 43 parishes and places, with a population of 11,884. The old workhouse was situated on the west side of the town, near the Sun Beck, and was formerly the Guildhall. There sir George Bowes and others sat to receive the submission of offenders, who had been concerned in the rising of the north in 1569.

commenced.

On the 28th March, the workmen of the Great North of 1838. England railway commenced digging the foundation for the N.E. Railway first bridge, a little south of the hill, and on the second day part of an urn, supposed to be Roman, was dug up; it was of dark blue clay. At the foot of the hill portions of foundations of freestone were dug up, but of no great magnitude; Discovery of and several Roman coins. Further in the hill was found a "Votive Altar," and from an inscription upon it, plainly showed that this had been a station occupied by the sixth Roman

* For the parishes originally included in the Peculiar of Allertonshire, see page 2.

†The visitatorial power has since been transferred from the Dean and Chapter of Durham to the Archbishop of York.-J. L. S.

Roman relics.

A.D. 1838. legion. The inscription reads that "Being present, Flavius, Hyronimianus, of the Sixth Legion, Victorious."

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Fall of a bridge.

Many other curious and interesting stones were discovered, but immediately broken by the workmen to fill up the abutments of the bridges.* Near the centre, and about a yard from the summit was discovered a well, about a yard in depth, of neatly dressed freestone; and a little to the south was another well or pit, nearly two yards square, of oak wood, quite black, but perfectly sound, strongly bound together, and dove-tailed at the corners. When the men came to the level on which the railway was to pass, they had not got to the bottom of either the well or pit by several yards, and previous to filling them up, a good quantity of stone and wood was taken out; the latter, visitors were anxious to procure for snuff boxes, walking sticks, &c. A drain of freestone running from the centre hill to the north-east was also exposed. Besides the relics already mentioned, Roman spurs were found, and the coins of Antoninus Pius, Marcus Aurelius, Commodus, Severus, Geta, Constantius, Chlorus, and Constantinus, a sufficient proof that this was a Roman encampment, the only remaining part being the rampart or terrace on the east side.

On Wednesday evening, July 18th, about six o'clock, the massive bridge over the Willow Beck, being the second on the line of the Great North of England railway, south of the Castle Hills, Northallerton (then nearly finished), suddenly came down with a tremendous crash, by which three workmen were most severely injured. Most of the workmen had left a short time previous to its fall, or the consequence might have been fatal to many of them. It is somewhat remarkable that many of the workmen dined under the arch on the noon of that day, so that its fall was not anticipated.

* It is greatly to be regretted that some arrangement was not made with the company for the preservation of these ancient remains.—J. L. S.

Stuart.

Theodosius Burnett Stuart, M.A., was formerly a fellow A.D. 1839. of Queen's college, Cambridge, and became vicar of North- Rev. T. B. allerton in 1839, but resigned it in 1849 for the vicarage of Wookey. In this year the pulpit which had stood from time 1841. immemorial on the north side of the transept arch, Removal of was the Pulpit. On the opening of the Great North of England railway Opening of from London to Darlington, in March, 1841, the stage coach the Greatwas compelled to give place to

removed to the south side.

"The fierce engine with outrageous speed,
Swifter ten-fold than hoof of the Arab steed,"

Northern

Railway.

and the huge wagons disappeared from the roads; whither Disappearthey are gone no one knows, and unless specimens are ance of the preserved, in a short time it will not be known what they Stage Coach. were like, for those who travelled in them will also have gone into oblivion, together with the lively notes of the guard's key-bugle, and the crack of the postillion's whip, which made merry the hearts of Pickwickian travellers in days gone by.

This gallant soldier, after passing safely through many Lieut.-col. battles and much hard service, died peacefully at North- Henry Booth. allerton, May 6th, 1841, and was buried in Northallerton churchyard.*

The conservatives coming into office, a general election General took place. W. B. Wrightson, esq. and the hon. Edwin Election. Lascelles again presented themselves. After a severe con

test Mr. Wrightson was returned by a small majority.

* A marble tablet is erected to his memory on the north transept of the Northallerton church, bearing the following inscription :

Arms. On a field three boars' heads couped erect, two and one.
Near this place is interred the body of

LIEUT.-COL. HENRY BOOTH, K.H.,
Of the 43rd Regiment of Light Infantry,

Fifth son of the late William Booth, esq., of Brush House, in the parish of
Ecclesfield, in the county of York;

He died at Northallerton, May 6th, 1841, aged 51.

His military life was passed in the 43rd Regiment, he entered it as ensign, March 6th, 1806, was promoted to be lieut.-colonel June 29th, 1830, and retained the command of it until the day of his death, he served with the armies in Spain and Portugal under sir John Moore and the Duke of Wellington, and was present at Vimiero, Corunna, the passage of the Coa, Busaco, Salamanca, Vittoria, and the attack on the heights of Vera.

This tablet was erected by the Officers, Non-commissioned Officers and Privates of the Regiment, who had served under his command, to record their respect for his character, and their esteem and affection for his gallant, generous, and amiable qualities, by which he won the hearts of all who served under him, and infused through every rank a high and honourable feeling.

Lieut.-col. Booth, married 13th April, 1826, Miss Mary Ann Monkhouse, of Northallerton, by whom he had issue, Charles, Henry Jackson Parkin, and William Henry.

A.D. 1842.

Captain
Leighton.

1843.

Thomas Richard Leighton, grandson of Richard Dighton, esq., surgeon, of Northallerton, was killed in the fatal retreat from Cabul, in 1842.*

Major-general Forster Walker, the eighth son of the rev. Major-general Benjamin Walker, vicar of Northallerton, died at Calcutta, 19th Jan., in this year.

Walker.

Encouragement of Horticulture.

Erection of

Schools.

In this year the Rev. T. B. Stuart, vicar of Northallerton, granted to the industrious poor persons of the town a large field, which is now divided into allotments, at a moderate rent, for the encouragement of horticulture. He also laid out a part of the large field called the "Vicar's Croft," on, or upon part of which the National School was afterwards erected, to be made into neat gardens, to accommodate tradespeople and other industrious inhabitants of the town. The first year no rent was asked for.

The erection of the present National Schools was comthe National menced in the summer of this year, on a site granted upon the glebe land called the "Vicar's Croft," at a cost of £917 2s. 2d. The vicar of Northallerton, for the time being, is the sole trustee; the managers being selected by him annually. The schools are in union with the National Society, and are open to Government inspection. A record

* A small marble tablet is erected to his memory in Northallerton church, with the following inscription :

In Memory of

CAPTAIN THOMAS RICHARD LEIGHTON,

Of Her Majesty's 44th Regiment of Infantry,

Who was killed in action in the fatal retreat from Cabul, in Afghanistan,
January the 10th, 1842, in the 32nd year of his age.

The deceased was eldest son of the late Thomas Leighton, esquire,
of Richmond, Yorkshire,

and grandson of the late Richard Dighton, esquire, Surgeon, of this place.
He was a dutiful and affectionate son, a kind husband and father,

and greatly beloved by all his relations and friends.

Capt. Leighton, eldest son of Thomas and Anna Leighton, married 16th July, 1834, at Chinsurale, Bengal, Emily Cornelia, only daughter of the late captain De Waal, and had issue, Miss Leighton, of Northallerton.

+ His memory is preserved by a handsome marble tablet erected in Northallerton church, with inscription as follows:

Arms. Arg. a chevron betw. three crescents sa.
To the Memory of

MAJOR-GENERAL FORSTER WALKER,

Colonel of the 1st Regiment of European Light Infantry, in the army
of the Honble. East India Company;

He was the eighth son of the late Rev. Benjamin Walker, M.A.,
Vicar of this parish during 39 years.

After 40 years of active and distinguished service, he died in peace, in the hope of a blessed resurrection through the mercy of his God and Redeemer, at Calcutta, the 19th of January, 1843, aged 61.

This tablet was erected by his afflicted widow.

Major-general Walker married Lydia Sophia, daughter of James Pattle, esq., of Calcutta.

of the erection of these schools is found in an old register of A.D. 1843. parish affairs deposited in the parish church. The record is in the handwriting of the the rev. Theodosius Burnett Stuart, through whose instrumentality the schools were built; and at the foot of the record, also in the handwriting of Mr. Stuart, is the following sentence: "Remember me, O my God, for good."

A gentleman in Northallerton had for some time in his A singular possession a tame lion, which had always been considered conflict. perfectly harmless, till a few nights previously to Christmas, when he broke his chain, and perambulating the town, he came in contact with a ferocious bull-mastiff belonging to a butcher; a battle instantly commenced, when the roaring of the lion, and the howling of the dog, called forth a large party of all sorts of people, who, as is customary, encouraged the two combatants to worry each other. For some time the victory was doubtful, but at length the dog by a singular manœuvre threw the lion on his back, and made a furious grasp at the poor animal's throat, and would have despatched him, had he not been rescued by the spectators.*

separate

The separation of the chapelry of Brompton from the Brompton mother church of Northallerton, and its constitution into an constituted a independent benefice, was effected under the Act 1 & 2 Vict., benefice. c. 26, and the order in council was registered in the registry of the archbishop of York, in October, 1843. The patronage is vested in the dean and chapter of Durham, and the nett value of the living, according to Crockford, is £350 and a house. The separation was effected on the recommendation of the rev. Theodosius Burnett Stuart, B.D., vicar of Northallerton. The rev. William John Middleton was the first incumbent of Brompton.

Colonel Walker, sixth son of the rev. Benjamin Walker, Lieut.-colonel vicar of Northallerton, died at Madras, 4th Dec., in this Walker. year.t

* Vide Schroeder's "Annals of Yorkshire," vol. I, page 345.

† A large and handsomely carved marble tablet is erected in Northallerton church to his memory, bearing the following inscription :—

Arms. Arg. a chevron betw. three crescents sa.

Sacred to the Memory of

GEORGE WARREN WALKER,

Sixth son of the Rev. Benjamin Walker, M.A., formerly vicar of this parish;
Lieut.-colonel of the 41st Fusiliers, and Major-general
upon the Staff in East Indies.

He served honourably under Lord Lake and General Gillespie, and after
44 years of distinguished service, died in the hope of a blessed
resurrection, through the merits of his Saviour, at St. Thomas's Mount,
Madras, 4th Dec., 1843, aged 65 years.

This tablet was erected by his much afflicted widow and family.

Lieut.-colonel Walker married Miss Patten, daughter of general Patten, governor of St. Helena.

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