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From the calendar of charters in the Bodleian Library, it A.D. 1230. is ascertained that Philip de Collevill granted to the hospital Grant of land. of St. James, near Alverton, two acres of land in Dritdale.

Gilbertus.

Gilbertus, Vicar of Northallerton about 1240. He was 1240. presented to the living by the prior and convent of Durham, and died in 1267.

John de Derlington, formerly vicar of S. Oswald, Durham, became vicar of Northallerton in the same year.

London.

1267. John de Derlington. In 1274, prior Richard of Durham conveyed Robert de 1274. Insula, prior of Finchale, to London. The latter had just A Bishop of been elected bishop of Durham, and the train in attendance, Durham's upon so important an occasion as journeying to seek con- journey to firmation of the appointment by the king, must have been very considerable. Their rate of motion cannot be taken as a fair criterion of the ordinary speed of travelling, as every convenience and aid would be specially supplied. They reached London on the 15th day after leaving Durham. Two kinds of carriages are mentioned, carecta and biga. The former were four-wheeled carriages, the latter two-wheeled. The road pursued was by North Allerton, Boroughbridge, and Pontefract, to Doncaster; the first night was passed at Ketton, where the monastery possessed a grange. The party appears not to have paid by the meal, but by what they actually consumed, for they had prepared a stock of provisions to be carried in their carts, and a stock of herrings was despatched from North Allerton to Doncaster against their arrival at that town. At Ketton they paid for kitchen stuff, drink and bread, all other accommodation being ready and gratis. Further on, charges occur for forerunners, oats, hay, and litter for their horses, beer and wine. There must have been an inn at Ketton where the beer and wine were purchased, the expression being "In taberna ibidem." The whole journey up cost £75 15s. 5d. The return was more rapid, the party reached Ketton by a ten days travel.*

1279.

Bishop Robert de Insulat by deed, dated at Alverton, 6 id. Sep., 1279, granted to Henry de Horncastre, prior of Colding- Deed of grant ham, and to the monks of that cell, for ever, a place for an habitation in the village of Holy Island.‡

* Longstaffe's Darlington.

+ Prior of Finchley, elected 24 Sep., 1274. The bishop was of humble origin. To his mother he gave an honorable establishment, and once when he went to see her, he asked "And how fares my sweet mother?" "Never worse," quoth she. "And what ails thee, or troubles thee? hast thou not men, and women, and attendants sufficient ?" "Yea," quoth she, "and more than enough; I say to one Go,' and he runs; to another, Come hither, fellow,' and the varlet falls down on his knees; and in short all things go on so abominably smooth, that my heart is bursting for something to spite me, and pick a qurrel withal." He died at Middleham, 7th June, 1283, and was buried in the chapter house at Durham, before the bishop's seat, under a beautiful stone, curiously engraven, and adorned with images.

Raine's North Durham.

A.D. 1282. Warinus de Alverton.

1291.

Royal visit.

1292.

Warinus de Alverton was presented by the master and brethren of the hospital of St. James, juxta Northalverton, to the vicarage of North Otterington.

King Edward I. visited Northallerton, on his way to the north, April 13th.

There is no documentary or other evidence which conThe Episcopal clusively points to the date of the erection of the episcopal palace of the prince bishops of Durham, in Northallerton. In or about the year 1292 is the most probable date.

Palace.

disputes.

The Metropolitan see of York having commenced a claim Ecclesiastical of jurisdiction over the see of Durham, sent their notarypublic and his clerk to Durham, by the pope's authority, with official letters of citation and canonical mandates. On their arrival at the castle of Durham, the bishop's officers imprisoned the messengers in the castle, and kept them in "durance vile" until compelled to release them by a sentence of interdict thundered out by the archbishop of York against his brother prelate the bishop of Durham, confirmed by a process issued from the king's secular courts.

Royal visit.

1293.

Episcopal grant.

After this, the archbishop issued his precept to the prior of Bolton to excommunicate the bishop of Durham in his own churches of Alverton, Darlington, and other places. The prior obeyed, and the case came before parliament. The archbishop then found himself in a more awkward predicament than his predecessor, who fled from Durham on a one-eared palfrey in an attempt at visitation. Parliament adjudged the archbishop to be committed to the Tower, notwithstanding his pall; and enforced to enter into a recognizance, with sureties, to pay a fine of 4,000 marks* to the king.

King Edward I. visited Northallerton on the 15th and 16th August in this year.

At the instance of Anthony Beke, bishop of Durham, John de Lythege, and Alice his wife, granted to John Hansard their manor of Werkersale, and in consideration for the same, Hansard granted his manor of Evenwood and Fuley to bishop

*£2,666 13s. 4d.

This dispute as to jurisdiction between the sees of York and Durham has continued down to the present time, but it has recently been decided that Northallerton is not a peculiar jurisdiction in the diocese of York in matters ecclesiastical, although in the gift of the Dean and Chapter of Durham.

Archdeacon of Durham, patriarch of Jerusalem. He had also from the king the principality of Man. Elected to the see of Durham, 9th July, 1283; died 3rd March, 1310. In his time the court of Durham exhibited all the appendages of royalty; nobles addressed the palatine sovereign kneeling, and instead of menial servants, knights waited in his presence chamber, and at his table, bareheaded and standing. At one time he had present with him at the king's wars in Scotland, twenty ancient bearers of his own family. He was the first bishop that was buried in the cathedral; reverence for St. Cuthbert prevented his predecessors from being buried there.

Beke, and the bishop made compensation to Lythege and his A.D. 1293. wife, by granting to them £40 per annum for their lives out of the manor of Allerton.*

Bishop Lewis Beaumont demised to certain foreign merchants, called in the records Alienigenis, (but of what country not easily determined, though supposed to be Italians, the Forum Alieni being thought to be Ferrara; or perhaps they were of Alias in France), his manors of Allerton, Howden, and Richall, for a term of ten years.

King Edward I. visited Northallerton January 20th, 1293. Royal visit. Stephen de North Alverton was in 1295 vicar of Marske, 1295. near Redcar. This gentleman derived his name either from Stephen de his birth or residence at Northallerton.

King Edward I. visited Northallerton on the 9th and 10th October, 1296.

Northallerton.

1296.

Royal visit. 1298.

rendezvous.

Certain Scotch nobility who, being summoned had refused to attend a parliament held at York, Edward I. assembled an Northallerton army at Alverton, and marched from thence against his a military contumacious lords. The dispute was settled by the battle of Falkirk, which was fought on July 22nd, 1298, the king gaining a complete and decisive victory.

liament.

The borough of Northallerton first sent members to parlia- First Memment in the 26th year of Edward I. John le Clerk and bers of ParStephen Maunsell were the names of the worthies on whom the choice of the electors fell. How they conducted themselves, how they voted, and how their wages were paid, we have no information. No members were afterwards returned for 342 years, probably on account of the expense of their wages, which must have been a heavy burden on the inhabitants.t

Peter de Killawe became vicar of Northallerton.
King Edward I. visited Northallerton on the 7th March,

1302.

King Edward I. visited Northallerton on the 27th and 28th April, 1303.

It is somewhat remarkable that no event worth recording took place at Northallerton between the two royal visits of king Edward, during this otherwise eventful period.

In 1304, £4,000 sterling passed through Northallerton on its from York to Scotland. The money was packed in eight way barrels, made out of three empty casks, which were placed in a cart, guarded by five carters, twelve archers, and six men

at-arms.

1302. Peter de Kill

awe.

Royal visit.

1303. Royal visit.

1304.

Transit of specie.

King Edward I. visited Northallerton on the 1st October, Royal visit.

I 304.

*Randall's MSS.

† For list of Members of Parliament, see appendix.

A.D. 1309.

Davyd Eosselyn, a partisan of Thomas, Earl of Lancaster, Fortification and who was ultimately executed for robbery, fortified the of the Bishop's manor of Allerton in the time of Edward II. At this time it is described by Leland as being "stronge of building and welle moted."*

Palace.

1311.

Roger de

Peter de Fishburn succeeded Peter de Killawe as vicar of Northallerton, in 1311.

In Burton's MS. we find that Dr. Ro(d)ger de NorthNorthallerton. alverton was vicar of Skipwith, in Howdenshire, at this time. King Edward II. visited Northallerton on the 6th and 8th April, 1312.

1312. Royal visit.

1317.

Lewis Beaumont, the illiterate bishop of Durham (who The illiterate had been consecrated because he was a descendant of the Bishop of royal family of France and a near relative of the Queen of Durham. England), accompanied by two cardinals and a splendid retinue, met the prior of Durham at Northallerton, and such was the bishop's ignorance, that his deed of consecration had to be read by the prior, because the bishop was unable to read it himself! It is a source of gratification to know that in this respect at least tempora mutantur, nos et mutamur in illis.

The Bishop's
Palace rifled.

1318.

Battle of

A scheme frustrated.

Towards the close of this year, a noted robber, Sir Goselene Denville, descended from honourable parents at Northallerton, and whose family came over with William the Conqueror, attacked the bishop's palace at Northallerton, and completely rifled it. He was associated with a numerous band, who did not, without a desperate conflict, yield to the sheriff and five hundred men; after which the desperadoes, who had been the terror of the county, were led to the scaffold at York.

At

Not long after the lamentable battle of Bannockburn, in which the English were totally defeated by Robert Brucef, the Bannockburn. victorious Scots, headed by Sir James Douglas, made a dash at York with the hope of carrying off Edward's Queen, Isabella; but a prisoner, whom the English had taken, betrayed their scheme just in time to prevent its success. On their route they laid waste the country with fire and sword. Northallerton, they received 1,000 marks to spare the town, but whether enraged at the opposition of the castles of Skipton and Knaresborough, or from some other motives, it is certain Northallerton they burnt both Ripon and Northallerton, and continuing their depredations, advanced to the walls of York. The few inhabitants that remained in Northallerton after its partial destruction, were exempted by the king from the payment of taxes, in consideration that they had been ruined by his from taxation. enemies and rebels.

partially burnt.

1319.

Its inhabitants exempted

* I am told that about a hundred and twenty years ago, a good piece of the gatehouse was standing; but through the injuries of time and the violence of illiterate hands, not the smallest vestige of it now remains.-J.L.S.

+ The anecdote of Bruce and the spider is well known to every schoolboy. £666 13s. 4d.

The town, or what remained of it, was totally destroyed A.D. 1322. by fire by the Scots on their return from the expedition of Totally des1322, after which they appear to have made themselves troyed by the masters of the whole of the north of England.

In several succeeding reigns, Yorkshire was the seat of intestine wars with all their attendant horrors. The Scots, urged by ambition and aggression, took every opportunity of invading the northern frontiers, frequently penetrating as far as York.

Scots.

Another mili

In order to check these inroads, Edward II. issued a 1323. commission to raise as speedily as possible, in every town and tary levy. place in the wapentake of Alverton, all the defensible men between the ages of sixteen and sixty of all classes, each man being duly arrayed according to his estate.

Alan de Chiredon, S.T.P., appointed vicar of Northallerton,

in 1323.

of age,

marched

1327.

Edward III., although only fourteen years against the Scots, who under Robert Bruce, were ravaging Military levy. the northern parts of England, and another levy was made under a writ, dated at Northallerton, in order to raise troops* for the occasion. These being duly appointed and arrayed, were led by night and by day, by hasty marches, to join the king at Carlisle; but before an encounter could take place peace was concluded, and David the heir of Scotland was married to Edward's sister Jane, called Joan of the Tower, and by the Scots Joan make peace. This, however, did not finally cement the friendship of the two nations, for in less than five years we find Edward marching north, entering of Halidown British victory Scotland in aid of Edward Baliol, and closing the campaign Hill. by the glorious victory of Halidown Hill.

1327.

King Edward III., visited Northallerton, in July, 1327. Royal visit. When this school was founded it is impossible to say, The Grammar but the earliest document relating to it is dated 1327. It School. is free and open to the reception of four free scholars, being children of poor parents belonging to the parish of Northallerton. It is poorly endowed. The property belonging to it includes the house and garden, and some land at Catto, subject to the payment of 20s. yearly. It, however, possesses several university advantages: five scholarships at Peterhouse, Cambridge, of £10 a year each, failing of applicants from the school of Durham, and also contingent interests in twelve exhibitions of £20 per annum at Lincoln College, Oxford. The master is appointed by the vicar of Northallerton, and licensed by the dean and chapter of Durham.

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