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William Barker, S.T.P., vicar of Northallerton, resigned A.D. 1421. the living in 1421, and was succeeded by William Middleton, who also resigned in the following year.


Robert Wyclyf, master of Kepyer hospital, and rector of Bequests. Hutton Rudby, by his will dated Octavo die mensis Septembris, Anno Domini Millesimo cccc. vicesimo tercio, left the following: "Item lego cuilibet ordini Fratrum mendicancium, videlicet Allerton, Richemond, et Hartilpole xx." This affords a striking example of the difference in religious opinion which frequently prevails in the same family. The illustrious John Wycliffe, the reformer, probably the uncle, but certainly the very near relative of this Robert, had directed the whole of his learning and abilities towards exposing the vices and corrupt habits of this particular order. "I shall

not die, but live, and still further declare the evil deeds of the friars," said he, to a party of sycophants, who, when he was once severely indisposed, forced themselves into his bedroom, and demanded to hear his recantation.

The village of Deighton, about seven miles N.E. of Northallerton, is at present a chapelry in the parish of Northallerton. The church, which is small, is a comparatively modern one, dating from about the middle of the seventeenth century, but it evidently stands upon the site of a more ancient one; indeed it would seem that in the thirteenth century Deighton (or Dighton) was a rectory, and the village was a much larger one than it is now. In an old list of burials at the priory church of Mount Grace, the following entry appears:"William Ainthorp, rector of Deighton, by will, proved in 1432, desired to be buried in St. Mary's church, Mount Grace, and gave thereto a chalice of silver and twelve silver spoons." An old moat proving the existence of a castle at some early period is still to be seen.

John Thorneton was appointed vicar of Northallerton in 1437, and died in 1447. He was succeeded by John Levesham, who resigned the living in 1455 for that of Eslington.

1432. Deighton.



On the 9th June, 1441, Cardinal Kemp, archbishop of An indulgence York, granted an indulgence of a hundred days relaxation granted. of penance to all such as liberally contributed to the honour and conservation of the Gild or Fraternity, instituted in the church at Northallerton, or to those who resorted thereunto, on account of the devotion of those saints in whose honour and memory it was celebrated.*

* Burton's MSS. The Rev. J. L. Saywell, curate, has succeeded in resuscitating this ancient Guild, which, we trust, will go on prospering and infusing spiritual life into the church, like the leaven in the barrel of meal.

A.D. 1443. Bequests.



Sir John Clervaux,* by his will dated 13 July, 1443, to be buried in the church of St. Peter the Apostle, at Croft-to every parson and beneficed vicar being at my exequies and burial 20d., and to every chaplain at the same 12d., and every clerk 6d. friars of Yarum бs. 8d.-of Northallerton 6s. 8d. -of Richmond 13s. 4d.—the friars Carmelite of York 20s.residue to Margaret my wife, and she shall find for me and her good estate one chaplain to perform divine offices in her presence for her whole life, and that such chaplain have 100S. for one year's celebrating for me in the church of Croft-said Margaret my capital messuage in Saint Savorgate, York; also 4 of my better mares- -son Richard 3 covered cups and two without covers with twelve spoons and half of my vessels of brass and pewdyr and a hanging with a tostor of arrase for the hall and one bed with curtyns and tostors in the new chamber, and 5 other beds without curtyns and tostors; all my draught animals, &c. ; 24 oxen and cows with a bull, 8 calves at Croft and half of my mares not bequeathed; and one silver salt without cover-Wm. Gybson chaplain 20s. beyond his salary due to him-Margaret Clerionet`10 marks of silver, 3 cows, 4 bullocks, and 3 styrk-Henry Taylboys [his brother-in-law] one covered cup-Wm. Vincent [the same] one covered cup-Rich. Mason a draught fily, a cow, an acre of wheat, and part of my vestments, viz., a hayk of skarlatt and a hood-Wm. Cabery a draught fily-every servant of mine a vestment—-Wm. Leds a draught fily or a stage and a dublet-Tho. Blakman a cow and a mark of silver.

It is somewhat singular that either the town did not play Wars of the any conspicuous part during the famous wars of the Roses, or if it did, historians have omitted all mention of it. This is the more remarkable when we remember that the conflict was between the rival houses of York and Lancaster. It is, however, very probable, that the town was directly or indirectly the scene of various battles, skirmishes, military gatherings, and levies; indeed it is almost impossible to conjecture how it could have been otherwise, seeing that it occupied so accessible and central a position to both armies.

* Sir John married Margaret, daughter of sir Ralph Lumley, knt., by Eleanor, daughter of John lord Neville, by Maud, daughter of Henry Percy.

+ William Vincent, esq., of Great Smeaton, m. Margaret Clervaux; on whom and his intended wife her father settled in free marriage his property in Great Smetheton, in 1416. William Vincent, in 1450 enfeoffed trustees of property in Atelaucouton and Southekylvyngton, for his son William ; Berningham, Shetesby, Whitewell, Great Cowton, for son Roger; manor of Great Smetheton for said Roger and heirs, rem. Ric. Clarevaux and the heirs of his body; residue of Smeton for said Roger; Brompton juxta Alverton, for said Roger and heirs, rem. right heirs of John Syneflete; Carleton juxta Forset, and Richemond, for Wm. Vynsent, jun.

Sir William Plumpton, knight of Plumpton, co. York, A.D. 1456. rode through Northallerton northward with the forces mus- Incursion tered by Henry Percy, earl of Northumberland,* warden of upon the the east marches, for the purpose of making an incursion Borders. upon the Scottish borders.

It was on this march that Sir William Plumpton first notified his secret marriage with Joan, daughter and co-heir of Thomas Wintringham, of Wintringham Hall, to Sir Robert Littester, chaplain, in these words :-"Robert, do you now return home; and I beg of you to listen well to all I am going to say, and, above all, to what concerns my weal and honour in my household. And because the event of war is dubious, and the solemnization of marriage between me and Joan Wintringham, my wife, has not yet been openly and publicly notified, I hereby make known to you that the said Joan is my true married wife and I her true married husband. And this I wish and desire you, as you love me, if I happen to die in battle, to testify for the future wherever it may be necessary."+

John Treyndon, vicar of Northallerton, died in 1465, and was succeeded by Robert Walker who resigned the living in the same year.

Bartholomew Radcliff appointed vicar of Northallerton in 1471, and died in 1474. He was succeeded by Richard Rolleston, A.B., who resigned the living shortly afterwards. William Halyman appointed vicar of Northallerton in 1475, and died in 1491.

The original deed constituting this foundation is in the possession of the earl of Carlisle, and is dated October 1st, 1476.

By the will and appointment of Richard Moore (who established the chantry) thirteen poor persons were appointed to reside and perform hospitality in the tenements in Northallerton called "Massendew," and that such poor persons out of the rents of certain land, messuages, and tenements, enfeoffed for that purpose, should receive annually 20s. to buy sea coals, and find two beds for poor wandering travellers for one night, and no longer, and to buy other necessaries for the said poor at certain times. From the want of documentary evidence, the subsequent history of this charity cannot be traced, but it appears to have long subsisted as an hospital or alms-house for poor widows, whose numbers have of late years been decreased to four.

The hospital premises are situate on the east side of the

*Slain at the battle of Towton in 1461, and being attainted, his honours became forfeited.

+ Plumpton Correspondence, Camd. Soc.





1476. The Maison Dieu Hospital

A.D. 1476.


high street of Northallerton, near the church, and consist of two buildings, separated from each other by a small garden ; one of the buildings was rebuilt on the site of the ancient alms-house, and the other was erected since 1796, and contains four separate apartments on the ground floor. The alms-women are appointed at meetings of the select vestry, as vacancies occur, and are chosen from poor widows belonging to Northallerton. Each of them at present receives out of the rents an annual stipend of £8 by quarterly payments, and a ton of coals.

A chantry in By indenture dated October 1st, 1476, Richard Moore Northallerton left certain lands, messuages, and tenements therein mentioned, in Northallerton and elsewhere, to establish a chantry in the church at Northallerton, and appoint a chantry priest, with a salary of £4 13s. 4d. per annum.

1487. From the calendar of charters preserved in the Bodleian Grant of privi- Library, we find that James, prior of the house of Carmelite lege. friars in Northalverton, granted to Thomas Gayneng and Agnes his wife, privilege of participation in spiritual benefits of the convent.

1490. Ralph Rokeby.

Somewhere about this time there was bred in the woods of Rokeby, a wild sow of so ferocious a nature that

"She was mare than other three,
The grisliest beast that ere might be,"

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John Fisher, M.A., 1491, resigned in 1494; elected bishop of Rochester in 1504. He assisted Henry VIII. in his book against Martin Luther, which procured the king, from the pope, the title of "Defender of the Faith." Henry being determined to shake off the papal yoke, and Fisher refusing to acknowledge the king's supremacy in ecclesiastical affairs, the latter was imprisoned in the tower, 21st April, 1534, and beheaded on Tower Hill, 22nd June, 1535. The unmerited

* Ralph Rokeby married Margery, eldest daughter and co-heir of Robert Danby, Esq., of Yafforth, near Northallerton.

+ Ingledew's "Ballads and Songs of Yorkshire," p 94.

fate of this prelate affords an instance of firmness and devo- A.D. 1491. tion to the dictates of his conscience; attesting the one by a steady defence of the persecuted Katherine of Arragon when abandoned by the rest of the world, and proving the other by refusing, at the expense of his life, to acknowledge his sovereign's pretensions.

He wrote "A Treatise concernynge the fruytful saynges of David the king and prophete in the seven penytencyal psalmes, devyded in ten sermons, was made and compyled by the ryght reverente fader in God, Johan Fyssher, doctour of dyvinyte and bysshop of Rochester, at the exortacion and sterynge of the most excellent pryncesse Margarete, countesse of Richmount and Derby, and moder to our souverayne lord kynge Henry the VII." At the beginning of the book, “sur une garde en velin," there is written in a very neat hand the following verses; the profession of faith of Thomas More and his friend bishop Fisher :—


"The surest meanes for to attaine

The perfect waye to endlesse blisse
Are happier lief and to remaine
Within ye church where virtue is :
And if thy conscience be sae sounde
To thinke thy faith is truth indeede
Beware in thee noe schisme be founde
That unitie may have her meede;
If unitie thow doe embrace
In heaven joy possesse thy place."

66 'Qui non recte vivit in unitate ecclesiæ
Catholicæ, salvus esse non potest."

"Thomas Morus dus cancellarius Angliæ
Joh. Fisher Epus Roffensis."*

Robert Clay appointed vicar of Northallerton 1494, died





In 1502 Margaret, eldest daughter of king Henry VII., with her train of nobles stayed at the episcopal palace at A royal Northallerton, from whence she took her journey to Scotland, sojourn at on her marriage with James IV, king of Scotland. This alliance had been negociated during three years, though interrupted by several broils; and Henry hoped, from the completion of it, to remove all source of discord with that kingdom, by whose animosity England had so long been infested.

The ceremonial of attending the princess is recorded in an account styled "The Fyancelles of Margaret, eldest daughter

* Techener's Bulleton du Bibliophile. This treatise is in the library at Douay.

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