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A.D. 1542. written to Henry VIII. dated from Northallerton, November 5th, 1542, at 8 at night, concerning several political and constitutional matters, and signed by three noblemen and two others.

Letter from
Norfolk to

Wriothesley.

1547.

1553.

1555.

Metcalfe.

you,

The following letter was also written the same night. With most herty recommendacions. This shall be to advertise that sith the wryting of my last letters to you, I have be so extremely handled with my disease of the lax, that, and gode help of medicynes had not stoped it, I think I shuld never have sene you. It is skant credeble that any man shuld have avoyed that I dyd on Fryday, fro six at night unto 10 o'clok in the mornyng. But now, thanked be Almyghty God, I am stopped, and feale myselff right well.

And where I wrote you consernying the howse of Bathplace, I requyre you by the next post to advertise what answer ye have had therein, and also how the Kynges Majeste is content with me; assewrying you that for asmoche as of a longe tyme I have had no letter fro you, nor none other of my frendes of the counsell, I am not a little afferd that His Majeste shuld not be content with my procedynges; wich if it be trew, I am sewer it shall apere by the report of all men that I have wrong: for though all things wer not accomplished, as I wold they had be, yet I dout not it shall appere no man coude have done more than I have done to have broght it well to pas; as God knowith, who have you in His tuicion.

Fro Allerton, the 5th of November, [1542] at nyght.
Your assewred frend,

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(Signed) T. Norfolk.*

Lancelot Thornton, vicar of Northallerton in 1547. He resigned the living in the same year.

William Todd, D.D., was presented to the vicarage of Northallerton in 1553, but he resigned it 1561, and became prebendary of the fifth stall in Durham cathedral, and subsequently archdeacon of Bedford.

The family of Metcalfe is of great antiquity in Yorkshire, The family of and so numerous that there is scarcely a town or village in the North-Riding which does not possess an inhabitant of that name, and in 1607 it was counted the most numerous family in England; indeed there are several families of

* Attainted in 1546, when his honors became forfeited; he would have been executed had not Henry VIII. died the day before the warrant was to have been put in force. His honors were restored in 1553; died 1554.

A.D. 1555.

Metcalfe in Northallerton at the present time. Dr. Whittaker resolves the name, which is locally pronounced Mecca, into Mechalgh from Mec, a Saxon personal name, and halgh, a low and watery flat. Ingledew relates a tradition, which A tradition. says, that two men being in the woods together at evening, seeing a four-footed animal coming towards them, one said "have you not heard of lions being in these woods?" the other replied that he had, but had never seen such a thing. The animal coming nearer, one ran away, whilst the other resolved to meet it; which proving to be a red calf, he that met it got the name of Metcalfe, and he that ran away Lightfoot.

The above conjectures as to the origin of the name, True origin of however, are absurd; the following is probably the true one. the name. In 7 Edward I. (1278) we find that Richard de Steynbrigge de Deneke (Dent) slew in single combat " Adam de Medecalf de eâdem et statim fugit." A fell or mountain called "The Calf," is in the near neighbourhood of Dent, and another mountain called "Calf Top," is two miles to the west of Dent. A portion of the fell is said to be called by the shepherds "Midcalf." The prefix Mede, Mete, or Met, signifies middle, limit, landmark, or boundary; hence the name "Metcalfe."

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Metcalfes.

Camden, the his- A regiment of torian, who wrote in the time of Elizabeth and James I, relates of Sir Christopher Metcalfe, of Nappa, that when high sheriff of Yorkshire in 1555, he rode out of York with a retinue of 300 men of his name and family, clad in his cloth or livery, and all well mounted on white horses, to meet the judges of assize, and conduct them to York.

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*Arms.-Quarterly of six.-I. Argent, three calves passant sable (Metcalfe). 2. Argent, a lion rampant gules (De Hertlyngton). 3. Sable, three pickaxes argent (Pigott). 4. Argent, a chevron gules between three eagles displayed sable (Leedes). 5. Argent, on a fess cottised gules three fleurs-de-lys of the field (Normanville). 6. As the first.

A.D. 1558. The Quarter

Sessions.

1559. Royal confiscation.

1561.

1564. Knight ser

vice.

The Quarter Sessions were held from this time at the Guild Hall, afterwards the workhouse, and now the site of the present Savings' Bank, until the year 1720.

By an act, made in the first year of the reign of queen Elizabeth, (cap. 19,) "giving authority to the queen's majesty upon the avoidance of any bishopric, to take into her hands certain of the temporal possessions thereof," the see of Durham suffered a great diminution in revenue; for by bishop Pilkington's address to secretary sir William Cecil, it appears the queen seized upon Allerton and the shire, of the yearly value of £218 9s. 11d.; Norham and the shire £120; Creik £39 7s. 4 d., &c.

Letters patent recite, that queen Elizabeth had taken from the bishopric of Durham, in the year 1559 and 1560, the manors of Allerton, Allertonshire, Norham, Norhamshire, &c., and so had exempted them out of the restitution of the temporalities to bishop Pilkington, dated 25th March, 1561. Other patents specify, that by a new restitution of the temporalities, dated 13th June, 1566, all were restored, except Norham and Norhamshire; so that hitherto the see lost little, except paying its pension of £1,000 per annum † till bishop Barnes.‡

Mark Metcalfe, vicar of Northallerton in 1561, died in 1593.§

In ao 6 Eliz. the co-heirs of sir Ralph Bulmer held twenty messuages of the manors of Allerton, Long Cowton, Ottering

* Pilkington was the first protestant bishop of Durham. During the persecution under Mary, he was obliged to leave the kingdom, but on the accession of Elizabeth he was preferred to this see, 20th Feb., 1560-1. He died 23rd Jan., 1575, and was buried at Auckland, but was afterwards removed to the choir of Durham cathedral. He wrote some valuable commentaries on the scriptures.

The queen having heard that he (bishop Pilkington) had given his daughter a £10,000 portion, as much as Henry VIII. had bequeathed to herself, scotched the see of £1,000 a year, and settled it on her garrison at Berwick.-Strype. Vide Rymer's Fædera.

On a slab commemorating him in the south transept of the church is the following inscription :-" Hic jacet in hoc tumulo Marcus Metcalfe, filius Lucæ Metcalfe de Bedale, frater quoque et hæres Nicholai Metcalfe, armigeri, unius sex clericorum eximia curia cancellariæ defuncti. Qui quidem Marcus vicarius fuit matricis ecclesiæ Omnium Sanctorum de Northallerton, incumbens ibidem XXXII annos. Vixit LIV. ann. tandem sepultus XXIV die mensis maii, anno Domini 1593." At the head of the stone is a shield: quarterly one and four three calves for Metcalfe; two and three a chevron between three quatrefoils pierced for Roughton, impaling Tomlinson or Thomlinson, of Gateshead, co. Durham. Glover, in his visitation says, Mark Metcalfe, of Bellerby, vicar of Northallerton, was 4th son of Lucus Metcalfe, of Bedale, by his wife Katherine, 2nd daughter of Robert Jackson, of Bedale, mar. Elizabeth, daughter of Antony Tomlinson, of Galeside, co. Durham, gent., by whom he had issue, Maria, aged 8 years in 1585; Martha 7; and Magdalen. The registers of baptisms, marriages, and burials preserved in the parish church date from the incumbency of Mark Metcalfe, in 1593.

ton, Newby and Wiske, Ainderby in the Mire,* &c., of our A.D. 1564. lady the queen, as of her honor of Richmond, by knight service.t

1569.

During this memorable period the town of Northallerton figures so conspicuously that we are obliged to trouble the The rising of reader with particulars which at first sight may seem dry and the north. uninteresting, but a patient perusal will convince him to the contrary.

The zealous adherents of the Romish religion being dissatisfied at the change, formed the design of re-establishing that faith, restoring Mary of Scotland to her liberty, and placing her on the throne of England. Thomas Percy, earl of Northumberland, and Charles Neville, earl of Westmoreland, who possessed great power in the north, having held together several conferences, orders were despatched by Elizabeth to these two noblemen to appear at court, and answer for their conduct.‡ On the night of the day on A conspiracy. which the earl of Northumberland received the queen's letters in his manor-house at Topcliffe, certain conspirators perceiving him to be wavering, caused a servant to bustle in and knock at his chamber door, willing him in haste to shift for himself, for his enemies had beset him, whereupon he arose, and conveyed himself to his keeper's house: in the same instant they caused the bells of the town to be rung backward, and so raised as many as they could.§ Northumberland hastened to his associate Westmoreland, whom he found surrounded with his friends and vassals, and deliberating with regard to the measures which he should follow in the present emergency. They determined to begin the Commenceinsurrection without delay; and committed themselves irre- ment of the vocably by entering Durham in arms, on the 14th November, insurrection. 1569.

"Now was the north in arms:-they shine
In warlike trim from Tweed to Tyne
At Percy's voice; and Neville sees
His followers gathering in from Tees,
From Were, and all the little rills,
Conceal'd among the forked hills.
Seven hundred knights, retainers all
Of Nevile, at their master's call

Had sate together in Raby Hall!

Such strength that earldom held of yore,

Nor wanted at this time rich store

Of well-appointed chivalry,

-Not loth the sleepy lance to wield,

*Morton-upon-Swale. MS. Vinc. A. 8, 547., in Coll. Arms.

+ Knight service (Servitium Militare,) was a tenure, whereby several lands in this kingdom were held of the king; which drew after it homage and service in war.

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A.D. 1569.

Diary of Sir

And greet the old paternal shield,

They heard the summons; and furthermore
Came foot and horsemen of each degree
Unbound by pledge of fealty;
Appear'd with free and open hate
Of Novelties in church and state,
Knight, burgher, yeoman, and esquire,

And th' holy priest, in priest's attire."*

The earliest document relating to this rebellion, is the

George Bowes following diary of Sir George Bowes-apparently the copy of a letter giving an account of his time :

Letter from

"I met the Earl of Westmerland of Saturday next after St. Matthew's day [21st September] or thereabout, as our ways crossed, his to Branspeth, and mine to the Isle: and appointed then to meet the said Earl of Westmerland of Wednesday next, after our hawking; which appointment I kept, but he came not, nor sent, though he were not far thence.

"I received a letter, directed from the Lord President to the Earl of Westmerland, Lord Eurye, and me, to be at York the next Sunday after Michaelmas day, which, after I had read, I returned to the said Earl again.

"Thursday I stayed at the Isle. Friday being the thirtieth of September, I rode to Streytlam, where I received a commandment from the Sheriff of Yorkshire, to be at York, with the Lord President, in the [Sunday] morning next after, by eight of the clock.

"I rode of Saturday to Aske; of Sunday to York, where I found the Lord President and the Lord of Hunsdon.

"I rode of Monday after to Cawood, and rested there that night; Tuesday to York; and Wednesday after, to Cawood again, where I met Francis Slingesbye, and tarried there that night, and rode of Thursday to York.

"Friday to Allerton; where I met by the way, at Borowebrige, with Francis Tankerde, which brought me word from Francis Slingesbye, that I should be laid for, to be taken, which caused me that night, after I had supped, to remove my lodgings to Danbye, a servant's house of mine.

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Saturday, the courts at Allerton,† whereunto I returned, and that night, riding by Sockburne, I went to the Ile."‡

Sir George,-I receyved this daye one letter from you, Earl of Sussex dated the Xth, at midnight, and one other letter, dated this to Sir George daye, at three in the mornyng and perceyving, as well

Bowes.

*Wordsworth.

He was the Bishop's Seneschal by letters patent, 10th March, 1567.
Bowes' MS. vol. 2.

Appointed Steward, 1560.

See Sharp's Memorials of the Rebellion.

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