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On the IVth Jan. 1570, sir George Bowes received orders where the executions should take place.

A.D. 1570. Northallerton appointed a

At Allerton. All the constables of Allertonshire and Lang- place of exebarth, the townsmen of Allerton and the servinge men.* cution.

Sir George Bowes,-For that Sir Henrie Gates is directed Examination by the Q. Ma. to go in to Scotland, I will wryte to my L. of Constables. Evers and Mr. Layton to mete you at Allerton, at suche daye as you shall appointe to assist you in th examening of the constables and others appointed thether who also shall take paines with you at Thruske. And, therefore, I pray you appoint your dayes certen, and give them notice thereof in tyme, and take order in the meane tyme for th apprehending of constables. Sir Thomas Gargrave hathe I think alredie examined all the West Ryding; so as you may send to him for a note of his doings, and thereby you may appointe your daye at Rippon accordinglye, and appointe under ministers to the other townes to make the more expedicon. Fare you hartely well. From Duresme, the VIIIth of Januarie, 1569 (70). Yr. assured frend,

T. SUSSEX.t

Sussex.

executions.

My humble dewtie remembred, pleaseth your good L. I Sir G. Bowes send you herewith all the books of Alvertonshire and Cleve- to Earl of land, to have your L. directions for the numbers to be appointed furth of them to be executed. I fynd very fewe, or none, (savinge the market townes) eyther in Alvertonshire or Cleveland, that did goe with the rebells in the first jorney, and sure in Cleveland there are none; and it is very fewe that went in ther returne, and as it seemyth to me rather went coarsed then otherwyse of good will, wherefore I would be glad to know your L. pleasure in thes cawses. I do this Directions day intend to wryte unto Mr. Gargrave and to make appoint- concerning ment for my beinge at Rypon, and so to followe on my course accordinge to your L. former direction, yf I be not countermanded by your L. and intending to be there of Wednesday, in the morninge att furthest. I wold be glad to know your L. pleasure yf there be any prisoners of these parts in my command your L. will have to be brought to be executed ther, that I may doo it with convenyent spede. Humblie desieringe your L. that I may have comandment to the justices of peace, and gentlemen in thes parts of the west riddinge, that I may have there assystance as well in the apprehension of prisoners, as also unto my mynysters for th doinge of execution. I also send your L. herewith, a note of suche prysoners as I of late received from the L. Scrope,

*Bowes' MS. vol. 12.

† Bowes' MS. vol. I, p. 21.

A.D. 1570. which in effect be but meane serving men, yet very proper men. Desirous to knowe your L. pleasure what shall be done with them. Thus restinge readie att your L. comandement, I humblie take my leave. From Alverton, this XIIIth January.*

Trial of rebels.

Executions at

Sir George Bowes was now on his "circut," in compliance with the orders of the earl of Sussex. He held courts for the trial of the parties implicated; but the minutes of these courts are not preserved, and the proceedings must have been brief and expeditious, as the queen was impatient to be relieved from further expense. Sir George, in a letter to the earl of Huntingdon, lord president of the north, says, "that none were executed by him, who did not confess that they were in actual rebellion two days at least after the first pardon, and stirrers of the rest of their neighbours."t

He appears to have been at Northallerton, or in the immediate neighbourhood, from the 13th January to the 23rd. Judgments were given at Allerton, on the 16th, for execution:

Allerton. - Xpor Hancock, Richard Wynde, Randall Northallerton Horner, Robert Heckley, Henrye Thompson, Allan Lynsley, William Taylor. Xpor Lambe, hangman.

1572.

End of the rebellion.

Evill men beyng fled which are necessarye to be executed, yf they may be had :-Norton Conyers, Thomas Tatam; West Rougton, Thomas Mabson; Romaldbye, William Markenfield; Birtbye, George Lupton; Borowbye, John Prest.‡

In the list of judgments given 18th Jan., at Northallerton, for executions in Cleveland, appears Robert Peters, of Gisburgh; who was stayed at the earnest suit of Anthony Wycliff. §

The speedy defeat of Leonard Dacres, on the 20th February, and the inroad of the earl of Sussex on the Scottish borders, finally relieved the north from all apprehension; and tranquility was gradually restored. The principal rebels fled to the continent, as Scotland was unable to afford them a safe refuge; but the earl of Northumberland was brought to York and beheaded on the pavement, near St. Crux church, August, 1572.

*Bowes' MS. vol. 18, p. 7.

The earl of Sussex implores the queen to spare the life of John Gower, son of Ralph Gower of Richmond, who had been attainted for his share in this ill-fated enterprise, and that he may also be allowed to compound for his estates. I. Because of the simplicity of the yonge manne, who symply was ledde to this his firste faulte. 2. Because the queen shall be no loser. 3. His lordship wolde gratifye Sergent Wraye, (afterwards Lord Chief Justice) uncle to the partie. 4. Cottrell, his servant, would marry his mother." The request was granted.

Bowes' MS. vol. 14, p. 19.

§ Idem, p. 20,

Ancient stone tabular inser

A common custom in the sixteenth century was the A.D. 1576. insertion of stones, bearing the date of any alterations made at this period, and for about a century after the reformation. tion. Northallerton church seems to afford an example of this custom; for outside under the great window of the south transept, near the ground, may be seen two stone tablet insertions; the one to the west had doubtless an inscription, but it is now entirely obliterated; on the stone to the east is the following inscription, much mutilated :

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The last line is quite indistinct, with the exception of the date; the whole inscription, as deciphered by the late Dr. Green, of Lewisham, in Kent, was "Cor mundum crea in me Deus: et spiritum rectum innova in visceribus meis.* "Credo videre bona Domini: in terra viventium." The date certainly seems to synchronise with the time when the aisles received their last alterations, as far as the walls are concerned; yet it is but right to say that it may be a monumental tablet, though the former verse seems inconsistent with this supposition, even if we were to consider the belief in the doctrine of purgatory to have had an influence, which, however, was not an article of the faith of the church of England in the year 1576.

In 1577, the comfort to be prepared for travellers had become a science. Harrison speaks in ecstacy of the linen used at table being washed daily, and each new comer having clean sheets. The constables appear to have received fees, I suppose for taking care of the strangers' luggage, as appears

*"Create a clean heart in me, O God; and renew a right spirit within my bowels."-Psalm li. 10 (l. 10 vulgate.)

"I believe to see the goodness of the Lord in the land of the living.”— Psalm xxvii. 15 (xxvi. 19 vulgate.)

1577.

A.D. 1577. from the following posting charges of William Davison, esq., who was sent by Elizabeth on a special message to James of Scotland, in December, 1582. "For ten post horses from Allerton to Derlington (16 miles), 20s. ; to two guides, 12d.; to the constables at Allerton, 12d.”

1584. Porch House.

A tradition.

+ Metcalfe

of Northallerton.

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This historical building, which, though much modernised, bears evident marks of antiquity, was built in the year 1584, by Richard Metcalfe, the great-great grandson of Thomas Metcalfe, of Nappa, in Wensleydale, Chancellor of the Duchy and County Palatine of Lancaster, and a Privy Councillor in the reign of Richard III; which Thomas was son of James Metcalfe, of Beare Park and Nappa, who was a captain in the battle of Agincourt, in the retinue of Richard, Lord Scrope, of Bolton. That the house was built by Richard Metcalfe is confirmed by the initials and date R.M., 1584, M.M., carved on an oak beam exposed to view during some alterations at the Porch House in the year The initials stand for 1844. Richard Metcalfe, and Margaret Metcalfe, his wife (daughter of Roger Wilson, of Danby Wiske). In the gable of the porch are carved the initials and date W.M., 1674, A.M., for William Metcalfe, and Anna Metcalfe, his wife, daughter of Sir George

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Marwood, Bart., of Little Busby.

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Langdale in his "History of Northallerton" relates the tradition that King Charles I. once stayed at the Porch

*Longstaffe's Darlington.

† Arms.-Argent, three calves passant sable, a canton gules for difference. Crest.-A satyr affronté proper, with a girdle of oak leaves round his loins, vert; holding in the dexter hand, over the right shoulder, a spiked club, or morning star, or. In Dugdale's visitation of Yorkshire, 1665, there are pedigrees of three houses of this family, Metcalfe of Nappa, Metcalfe of Northallerton, and Metcalfe of Thornborough. The arms of the latter were at that time differenced by a canton, red and blue respectively, by Sir William Dugdale, then Norroy King of Arms. The elder line seated at Nappa Hall, bore the ancient undifferenced coat, viz., three black calves on a silver field.

House as a guest of the Metcalfes on one of his progresses A.D. 1584. or marches to the north. This was probably on the 29th of August, 1640, when the king rode from York to Northallerton on his way to join his army in the north, opposed to the Scottish Covenanters. While at Northallerton, news came of the defeat of his troops at Newburn Ford, on the Tyne, and of the taking of Newcastle by the Scots, upon which he returned to York.

King Charles's visit at the Porch House may, however, have been on some other occasion, as he was much in the north between the year 1640 and the setting up of his standard at Nottingham, on the 22nd of August, 1642.

In February, 1647, Charles I. again rested at the Porch House, but he was then a prisoner in the hands of the Commissioners of the Parliament, who had been sent down to Newcastle-upon-Tyne to receive him from the Scots, and who were conducting him, under a strong guard, but with every mark of respect, to his new prison at Holmby.

Tradition says that the king made an attempt to escape Another tradiout of a window at the south end of the house, in which tion. attempt he probably had such assistance as the Metcalfes, then young children (the eldest, Elizabeth, could only have been a girl of about twenty) and their serving men and women could render him. George Metcalfe, their father, was dead, and, it would appear, their mother also. Dugdale, in his visitation, gives 1642 as the date of the father's death, but his will was not proved till 1647. He left five young children; William, his heir (born 1635), Richard, Elizabeth, Catherine, and Mary, all of whom are named in his will, dated 28th May, 1642.* Elizabeth, the eldest daughter, married Timothy Mauleverer, of Arncliffe Hall, Esq., J.P.; Catherine married Henry Crosland, of Helmsley, younger brother of Sir Jordan Crosland, of Newby, near Ripon, Governor of Scarborough Castle; and Mary married Lancelot Pinkney, of Silton Paynell, and of Ingleby-under-Arncliffe. There being no mention in George Metcalfe's will of his wife Elizabeth (Talbot) to whom he was married 29th July, 1624, at St. Helen's, York, it is probable that she died before 1642. As she belonged to a family remarkable for devotion to the royal cause the ancient and knightly family of Talbot of Thorneton and Bashall-no doubt her little children were staunch royalists. John Talbot, of Wood End, Thorntonle-Street, her cousin, was a colonel in the royal army, his son Roger was a Cavalier captain, and passed through many dangers in the king's service, and John Talbot, a younger brother of Roger, was also a captain in the army of Charles I.

* Vide page 85.

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