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for privileges, to certify the state of that matter, upon view and examination of the record."*


A.D. 1640


"11o die December. Ordered.-That the towns of Malton The Franchise and Allerton, in the county of York, which formerly (as restored to appeared to the committee upon view of the record) sent burgesses, but for some time had discontinued, be restored and remitted to their ancient privileges of sending burgesses to parliament: and that a warrant issue forth under Mr. Speaker's hand, directed to the clerk of the crown in chancery, to send forth a writ for electing of two burgesses to serve in this present parliament for the said towns of Malton and Allerton." Thomas Heblewaite, esq., and sir Henry Cholmeley, knt. (et in vice unius, Richard Darley, esq.) were chosen representatives.

Thus, notwithstanding the experience of James I., and his declaration of the difficulty he had found in managing the boroughs which then returned members to parliament, Charles I. had, at this time, either sanctioned or submitted to the restoration of no less than eight boroughs; two in the fourth year of his reign, and six in this year (1640); of the latter, three were in the north, and three in the south :adding altogether 16 members to the House of Commons.

This course had been first adopted by Henry VIII., and afterwards followed by Queen Mary, Queen Elizabeth, and James I., in the beginning of his reign. Those, however,

which were now restored, appear rather to have been adopted by the commons themselves, owing to the practice which the crown had before sanctioned, for the purpose of increasing their own power against the crown.‡

In six of the eight boroughs, the burgesses were defined to be the inhabitant householders; the right of election being decided to be in them. In the other two cases, Malton and North Allerton, the right was determined to be in the burgage holders.



Royal visit.


Metcalfe of

King Charles I. passed through Northallerton on his way to York, and was entertained by the Metcalfes at Porch House.§ In the name of God, Amen. I, George Metcalfe, of Northallerton, in the county of Yorke, Esq., sicke in body Will of George but of good and perfect memory, thankes be to God, doe Northallerton. make this my last Will and Testament in manner and forme followinge. First, I bequeath my soul to Almighty God my Maker, and to Jesus Christ my Redeemer, by whose meritts death and passion I hope to be saved, and my body to be buried in the Church of Northallerton. Item, I give and

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A.D. 1642. bequeath unto my nephewes George Metcalfe and John Bell. their executors, administrators, and assignes, all my houses, lands, tenements, and hereditaments scituate, lyinge, and beinge att Angram Grainge, in the parish of Welbury, in the county of Yorke; and allsoe all those my houses, closes, grounds, lands, tenements, and hereditaments scituate, lyinge, and beinge in Landmothe which I lately bought or purchased of Mr. William Greene and Richard Jackson, and now in the occupation of the said Richard Jackson; and allsoe all those my closes, grounds, lands, tenements, and hereditaments whatsoever, scituate and beinge in Romanby, which I lately bought or purchased of William Meade, now in the several occupations of Raiphe Lilly and Robert Wilson, for and during the tearme of fifteene years, for the raisinge and makinge portions for my daughters Elizabeth Metcalfe, Catheryne Metcalfe, and Mary Metcalfe, and for their preferment and education and the educatinge of my sonne Richard Metcalfe; and I doe give and bequeath unto my said sonne Richard Metcalfe, his heires and assigns for ever, all my said houses, lands, tenements, and hereditaments att Angram Grainge aforesaid, after the determination of the said fifteen yeares. Item, I give unto the poore people of Northallerton forty shillings yearely, for seaven yeares next after my death, to be paid att Christmas and Easter, by even portions foorth of one close on my back side called Pond Garth. Item, the residue of my goods and chattels, my legacies and funeral expenses deducted, I give and bequeath unto my said two nephewes George Metcalfe and John Bell, for the payment of my debts. And if my leases at Northallerton can be spared, over and above the payment of my debts, my will is that they shall come and accrue to my sonne William Metcalfe att his aige of one and twenty years, he payinge such sums of money to my said younger children as my said executors shall thinke fit. But my will is that my said sonne Richard shall have fifty pounds foorth of my said leases att Northallerton.

In witness whereof I have hereunto sett my hand and seale the eight and twentieth day of Maye, anno dni 1642.

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Sealed, signed, and delivered in the presence of William Pinkney, John Kaye, William Dinmore.

This will was proved at York the 14th day of May, 1647, by the oaths of George Metcalfe and John Bell, the executors therein named, to whom probate was granted, they having been first sworn duly to administer.

George Metcalfe, the testator, was a barrister of Gray's

Inn, and one of His Majesty's Justices of the Peace for the North-Riding. The nephew and executor named in the will was George Metcalfe, of Thornborough Hall, near Romanby, who married Anne, daughter and heiress of Henry Danby, of Romanby. His second son, Sir Gilbert Metcalfe, was Lord Mayor of York in 1695. Richard, the elder son, married Elizabeth Ogilvie, of the Earl of Findlater's family, whose grand-daughter and sole heiress, Elizabeth, married Nicholas Lambton, of Biddick Watervill, co. Durham, grandson of Sir William Lambton, of Lambton, by his wife, Catherine Widdrington. The only child, Margaret Lambton, died an infant, and the Thornborough Hall line of Metcalfe became extinct about 1747.

Elizabeth, grand-daughter of George Metcalfe, of Thornborough Hall, married Francis Proctor, of Thorpe-on-theHill, whose grand-daughter, Catherine Proctor, married Thomas Howard, 3rd Earl of Effingham, Deputy EarlMarshal of England, Treasurer of the Household in 1782, and Master of the Mint in 1784.

The John Bell named in the will was a son of George Metcalfe's sister, Cecilie Metcalfe, who married Marmaduke Bell, of Elmer.

A.D. 1642.

George Hicks, D.D., was born June 26th, 1642, at Dr. Hickes. Newsham, in the parish of Kirby Wiske. Educated at Northallerton Grammar School, he was admitted a servitor at St. John's College, Oxford, in 1659, and elected a fellow of Lincoln College, 1664. He travelled with Sir George Wheeler, one of his pupils, through France and Switzerland. Soon after his return in 1675, he was presented to the rectory of St. Ebb's, Oxford, and became domestic chaplain to the Duke of Lauderdale. He obtained the degree of L.L.D. from the University of Oxford in return for some valuable Greek manuscripts which he brought back with him from Paris; and the degree of D.D. for his eminent services in ecclesiastical and state affairs. In 1680 he was installed Prebendary of Worcester, and vicar of Allhallows, Barking, in London. The following year he was appointed chaplain in ordinary to Charles II., and two years afterwards Dean of Worcester. In 1690 he was deprived of his Deanery for refusing to take the oath of allegiance and supremacy to William and Mary, and retired to London. Subsequently he espoused the cause of the Chevalier, and was actively engaged in the service of that unfortunate prince. He died December 15th, 1715, and was buried in St. Margaret's churchyard, Westminster. He was a man of universal learning, deeply read in the primitive fathers of the church, whom he considered the best expositors of scripture;

A.D. 1642. particularly skilful in the old northern languages and antiquities; and has given us some writings in this way, which will be valued when all his other works are forgotten.*

at North


1644. Several matters of minor warfare took place in the early Fatal skirmish part of this year between the royalists of the north, and Leslie's army which came to the assistance of parliament. Gerard Salvin, son and heir of Gerard Salvin, of Croxdale,† esq., lieutenant-colonel of col. Tempest's regiment of foot, was slain at Northallerton, in the service of king Charles I.‡ The fatal battle of Marston Moor completed that unfortunate king's ruin in the north.


"Where is that banner now ?-its pride
Lies whelm'd in Ouse's sullen tide;
Where now these warriors ?-in their gore
They cumber Marston's dismal moor!"

William Palliser, D.D., was born at Kirby Wiske, July 28th, 1644, educated at the Northallerton Grammar School, and afterwards at Trinity College, Dublin, which latter place he entered when fifteen years of age. He was successively elected fellow, medical fellow, and tutor of the University. In 1670 he took holy orders, and became regius professor of divinity in 1678, and shortly afterwards received the degree of D.D. In 1681 he was presented to the living of Clonfeacle, and in 1692 promoted to the see of Cloyne. In 1694 he was translated to the archbishopric of Cashel, and died in Dublin,

* On the feast of St. Matthias, Feb. 24th, 1693, the consecration of Dr. George Hickes and Thomas Wagstaffe was solemnly performed according to the rites of the Church of England, by Dr. William Lloyd, bishop of Norwich; Dr. Francis Turner, bishop of Ely; and Dr. Thomas White, bishop of Peterborough, at the bishop of Peterborough's lodgings, at the rev. William Giffard's house at Southgate in Middlesex: Dr. Ken, bishop of Bath and Wells, giving his consent.-Notes and Queries, 1st S. vol. ii. p. 355.

Thoresby, in his diary, May 18, 1714, says, "I visited Mr. Nelson (author of the Fasts and Festivals), and the learned Dr. George Hickes, who not being at liberty for half an hour, I had the benefit of the prayers in the adjoining church, and when the Nonjuring Conventicle was over, visited the said dean Hickes, who is said to be bishop of [Thetford.] Both Nelson and Hickes resided at this time in Ormond Street; probably the conventicle was at one of their houses.

† William de Walton of the city of Durham, had lands in Northallerton, which belonged to Robert de Walton, in the 5th Edward III. His son

Robert de Walton, of Durham, had lands in Old Durham, 1354, which were Joan Wyot's, eldest daughter and co-heir of John Wyot, of Old Durham. He had lands in Northallerton, 44th Edward III. His daughter

Joanna, lady of Croxdale, died wife of William de Rissaby, seized of lands in Durham, &c., heretofore Robert de Walton's. Her only daughter and


Agnes, lady of Croxdale, married Gerard Salvayn, esq., in her right became "of Croxdale," in the county palatine of Durham, having had livery of his wife's inheritance on the 1st October, 1402.-Burke's Commoners.

+ Surtees.

January 1st, 1726, aged 85 years, after a few days indis- A.D. 1644. position from a cold, and was buried in the parish church of St. Andrew. The archbishop bequeathed his splendid library of 4,000 volumes, which is still preserved and distinguished by the name of "Bibliotheca Palliseriana" to Trinity College, Dublin. He also gave £20 to the poor of the parish of Northallerton.* His grace was an excellent Latin scholar, an eminent divine, and a saintly christian. His memory will ever be had in reverence by the people of Northallerton.


King Charles I. having surrendered himself to the Scots, 1646. was kept by them in close custody for six months, pending Charles surnegotiations for his release with the English parliament. At renders to the first the two English houses of parliament passed a resolution demanding the unconditional release of the king, but the Scots remonstrated, saying that as Charles was king of Scotland as well as of England, both nations had an equal right to be consulted regarding the disposal of his person; whereupon the English prepared for war. The Scots seeing that they must yield up the person of the king or fight for it, at length agreed to release him upon the payment to them by the English government of £400,000 sterling, which was acceded to.

So early as the month of September, 1642, the memorable The Epislong parliament had appointed a committee for the seques- copacy tration of the lands of all bishops, deans, and chapters,t and abolished. subsequently proceeded to utterly abolish the name and title of archbishops and bishops, by an act passed 9th October, 1646, by which they vested all their honours, manors, lordships, &c., all their charters, deeds, books, &c., in the hands. of trustees, for the payment of the just and necessary debts of the kingdom. The trustees were empowered to appoint from time to time fit and able persons to survey the premises, to hold courts of surveys, and to demand and receive all the evidences and title deeds relative to the same. Pursuant to the above act, an ordinance was issued for the sale of all the bishops' lands and estates for the service of the commonwealth. By the same authority all purchasers were to have letters patent under the great seal of England for these grants, and to hold of the king in fealty only, according to the tenure of the manor of east Greenwich. The attorney

general was authorised to prepare a bill for each grant or sale, and the lord-chancellor empowered to pass it; whilst the titles of the purchasers were to be defended at the public charge. In addition to these securities, and in order to give greater encouragement to their chapmen (as Walker calls

* For further particulars of this benefaction, see entry under date 1687.
+ Whit. Mem. p. 63.
§ Vide page 92.

+ Scobell.

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