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IMMEDIATELY before the battle, Ralph bishop of the A.D. 1138. Orkneys, deputed by the aged and infirm Thurstan, Battle of the having assured the army that by fighting bravely, they would Standard. purchase the remission of their sins, did, on receiving from them expressions of contrition, actually pronounce their absolution, joining to it his benediction. At the same time the priests in their white vestments, carrying crosses and relics, went among the ranks, encouraging the soldiers by their exhortations and prayers.* Sir Walter Scott's description of the battle is interesting :-" Pledge me in a cup of wine, Sir Templar," said Sir Cedric, "and fill another to the Abbot of Jervaulx, while I look back some thirty years to tell you another tale. As Cedric the Saxon then was, his plain English tale needed no garnish from French trabadours, when it was told in the ear of beauty; for the field of Northallerton, upon the day of the Holy Standard, could tell whether the Saxon war-cry was not heard as far within the ranks of the Scottish host, as the cri de guerre of the boldest Norman baron. 'To the memory of those who fought there, pledge me my guests!' He drank deep, and went on with increasing warmth. 'Aye that was a day of cleaving of shields, when a hundred banners were bent forward over the heads of the valiant, and blood flowed round like water, and death was held better than flight. A Saxon bard has called it a feast of the swords, a gathering of the eagles to the prey, the clashing of bills upon shields and helmet, the shouting of battle more joyful than the clamour of a bridal.'"†

* Vide Redpath's Border History.

+ Vide Scott's "Ivanhoe," vol. 1, pp. 87, 88.


A.D. 1195.

During the vacancy of the see of Durham, which conElection of a tinued nearly two years, the convent, as well as the people Bishop. of the palatine, appear to have suffered much injury and oppression from the officers of the crown. * The occasion of the delay in electing a bishop does not appear: Geof. of Coldingham says, messengers from the convent were sent to consult the king's (Richard I.) pleasure touching the person they should nominate, when Philip de Poicteu, a native of Aquitaine, one of the king's privy counsellers and chief favourites, was at length pointed out to them as a person most agreeable to the sovereign; on whose election the monks were promised the royal protection, and full confirmation of the liberties they held in former reigns. He was elected at Northallerton, according to Wharton, by the monks assembled there, in the presence of Hubert, archbishop of Canterbury, in the month of November, 1195; but Geof. of Coldingham says, he was elected in the chapter-house on the 11th January. Those various dates are easily reconciled by a supposition that, in full chapter, the act at Northallerton was confirmed at Durham, and then recorded there. He was ordained priest, the 15th June, 1196, and consecrated at Rome by pope Celestine, in the Lateran church, on the 20th April, 1197. Geof. of Coldingham postpones his consecration to the 12th May, 1198.† He died 22nd April, 1208, and the see was vacant for nine years and a half.


After a tour in the northern counties, King John and his Royal visits. suite arrived at Northallerton on Friday afternoon, June 20th, 1212, and left the next day for Easingwold. On Saturday, September 1st, in the same year, King John and his Court were again at Northallerton, where they remained over Sunday (most probably attending mass at the parish church), and leaving on Monday morning for Darlington. On the following Thursday the King and suite returned to Northallerton from Durham, and left the next day for Knaresbro'.‡


1274. Dispute settled.

On Monday, September 16th, the King and his retainers reached Northallerton where they remained all night, and left for Knaresbro' early the next morning.§

On the death of the rector of Skirpenbeck, Thomas de Chancy, lord of Skirpenbeck, had a violent quarrel with the abbot Robert of Whitby, about the right of presentation to the church. Each party presented a candidate: the matter was examined before the official of the archdeaconry of the East Riding, in a full chapter at Buckrose (a wapentake of the East Riding), held at Scrayingham: who reported to the

* Gualter de Ferlington custos Dunelmen castri.-Hen. Ferlington custos castelli de Norham, quæ sumpta in manus regis Hugonem Bardulphum custodem habebant.-Ex lib. Annalium, &c.-Lel. col. v. i. p. 292.

+ Ang. Sac. p. 726.

+ Vide Rot. Lit. Parl. vol. 1, No. xxxiv.

? Ibid.

archbishop in favour of the abbot of Whitby, whose claim to A.D. 1274. the right of patronage was afterwards fully made out before the king's justiciaries at Northallerton, and was thereupon confirmed by royal authority, as well as by order of the archbishop.*

Blind Harry, in his "Actis and Deidis of the Illuster and Vailyeant Champioun Shyr Wilham Wallace, Knycht of Elrisle," says that Wallace here fought a bloody battle with "Shyr Rawff Rymut, captayne of Maltoun," and after lying some time in expectation of a visit from king Edward I., burnt the town.

"Wallace tranountyt on the secund day,
Fra York thai passit rycht in gud aray;
North-west thai past in battaill buskyt boun,
Thar lugeyng tuk besyd Northallyrtoun."
"Than Wallace maid full mony byggyng hayt;
Thai rassyt fyr, brynt up Northallyrtoun,

Agayne throuch York-schyre bauldly maid them boun,
Dystroyed the land, as far as evir thai ryde,
Sewyn myle about thai brynt on athir syde."

This account is evidently unfounded and romantic.

The following is a detailed account of this noted high- 1317. wayman, a reference to whom has been made in the body of Sir Gosselin

this work under the above date:

"Sir Gosselin Denville was descended from very honourable parents at Northallerton, whose ancestors came to England with William the Conqueror, and to whom that monarch granted lands in recognition of their services, where the Denvilles lived in great repute until the days of our hero. He was intended by his father for the priesthood and for this purpose he was sent to college where he prosecuted his studies with great assiduity and seeming warmth. As he was naturally of a vicious disposition, he merely dissembled to please his father, until he should get possession of his fortune. His natural habits, however, could not long be restrained, and he soon displayed his propensity for a luxurious and profligate life; and it appears that so vicious was his conduct that he broke his father's heart, and his newly acquired wealth he and his brother Robert soon contrived to dissipate in licentiousness and luxury. The first enterprise of note which we find recorded of Sir Gosselin, is one in which he was joined by Middleton and Selby, two noted robbers of that time, with a considerable force. Their design was to rob two Cardinals sent into this Kingdom by the Pope, which they accomplished with great success- not only travellers, but monasteries, nunneries, and houses, were the object of their attacks, and they were not merely content with booty, but barbarously murdered all who made the least opposition. A Dominican Monk of the name of Andrew Simpson was once met by our knight and his associates, and obliged to surrender his purse; wishing, however, to make pastime of him, they compelled him to mount an adjacent tree, and preach an extempore sermon. The monk selected for his text these words, "A certain man went down from Jerusalem to Jericho, and fell among thieves, who stripped him of his raiment, and wounded him, and departed, leaving him half dead;" and he commented thereon in a very pathetic manner, hoping to move the hearts of his hearers, but without success, for they were too far plunged in iniquity to reform. They continued their course and every day became more formidable, and robbed with such boldness

Young's Whitby, I. p. 317.-R. f. 123. ch. p. 223.


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that country seats were forsaken and safety sought in fortified cities. They defeated forces sent out to suppress them, and were not deterred from any project, either by the magnitude of the danger, or the greatness of the individuals concerned. The king himself when on a tour through the north of England, was beset by the gang in priest's habits, and he and his nobles had to submit themselves to be rifled. This robbery was highly resented, and several proclamations offering great rewards were issued for the apprehension of any or of every of them. The promise of premium bred traitors among themselves, and in less than a month sixty were delivered up to justice. The last exploit of Sir Gosselin (who was also a partisan of Thomas, the rebel earl of Lancaster) was an attack which he made upon the Bishop of Durham. They rifled his palace at Northallerton (where the bishop then was) of every valuable, and maltreated not only himself, but his servants and family, and also took possession of the manor of Northallerton belonging to the bishop. His amours were many, and among them was one with the wife of a publican whose house he used to frequent, not so much for the goodness of the ale, as the beauty of the hostess. The husband however sought his revenge in due season, and betrayed the knight and his men one evening while they were carousing in his house. The sheriff and five hundred men surrounded the party, who fought desperately, but it was not before two hundred of the beseigers had fallen, and were so completely hemmed in that they were obliged to surrender. They were escorted to York under a strong guard, where, without the privilege of a trial, they were immediately executed to the joy of thousands, the satisfaction of the great, and the delight of the community, who waited upon them to the scaffold, triumphing in their ignominious exit."*

The origin of the Northallerton Grammar School is uncertain. There is, however, in the Liber Præsentationum et Literarum Prioris et Conventus Eccl. Dunelm in Bibl. Cotton., the register of the presentation of William de Leeds to the mastership of the Grammar School at Northallerton, in 1385, to which are annexed the following words, "Consimilem habet Chartam Johannes Podesay v. a. October, 1327." It seems to be a royal foundation, for in 1818, £5 Is. 8d. per annum was paid by the king's receiver, who deducted five shillings for poundage, two shillings and sixpence for debenture money, and eightpence for acquittance. By whom and when the endowments of a house, garden, and a small close of land (the latter worth about £20 a year), were made is not known. There are no statutes. The school is free only to four boys, for whose education John Eshall left twenty shillings to be paid yearly out of certain lands at Catto. Soon after 1385, the dean and chapter of Durham became the patrons of it, and have continued so to the present day. During the 17th century, the following eminent men were educated at this school, during the time the Rev. Francis Kaye and Mr. Thos. Smelt were masters: Dr. Grey, eldest son of Sir Ralph Grey, by his second wife, and nephew of Sir Edward Grey, of Howicke; Dr. William Palliser, archbishop of Cashell, in Ireland; Dr. George Hickes, dean of Worcester; Dr. John Ratcliffe, the celebrated physician to king William III; the

* Vide "Rymer's Records of Public Executions at York," and "Lives of Notorious Highwaymen.' +Vide pp. 31, 32.

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