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The Parish

on Jan. 11th, 1726: "Robert Smith, some time servant to Mr. Neile, vicar, whose niece and heiresse he maryed." On Nov. 21st, 1728, "a stranger woman, whose name we could not learn, going to her husband, a soldier." The last entry in the fifth register is dated 22nd March, 1728. The sixth register commences with the year 1729, March 25th. Mem. "29th Nov., 1754, Edmund Bradeley was chosen by me to be clerk at this church, which choice was signified to the parishioners (according to canon 91) in the time of Divine Service, upon the next Sunday following being 1st Dec., 1754, by me, Robt. Pigot, vicar." On Nov. 28th, 1734, Ann, bastard daughter of Ann Sherrington, bedrid and about 15 years of age, was baptised privately. In this register the number of illegitimate children baptised is something alarming, which is accounted for by the frequent passage of troops through the town at that time. Several adult baptisms took place between the years 1724 and 1781. By the 26th Geo. II., cap. 33, it was provided that a separate book should be kept in every parish for the registration of marriages and banns of marriage; this act came into operation in the year 1754. On Dec. 10th, 1744, a Mr. Peter Deburine, alias Dubern, captain of a French privateer, who was taken prisoner off Scotland, and died of grief on his journey to London, was interred in Northallerton churchyard. The last entry in the sixth register is dated 23rd Dec., 1781. In a separate marriage register commencing 25th March, 1754, the following entry appears:-" 1755, Oct. 12th. The banns of marriage between James Grieves and Elizabeth Peacock were published in this church the second time; the publication between James Grieves and Elizabeth Peacock is made void by the dissent of Wm. Peacock, her father.' From the year 1778 the name of the officiating minister is appended to all marriages solemnised at Northallerton. The last entry in this register of marriages is dated 29th Dec., 1806. The seventh register commences with the year 1782, and ends with the year 1812, in common with all other registers throughout the kingdom, belonging to the church of England. On the 1st of January, 1813, a new system of registration was introduced under the 52nd Geo. III., cap. 146, commonly called sir George Rose's Act. Among other provisions it was enacted, that the registers of baptisms, marriages, and burials should be kept in separate books, and the entries made according to schedules annexed to the Act, a copy of which is prefixed to every book provided for the registration of baptisms. The last entry in the first register of marriages under this Act, is dated 20th May, 1842, though from 1837 the solemnisations are also entered in the duplicate books provided under the Act of 6 and 7 Guil. IV., cap. 86. There

is nothing worth noticing in any of the later registers. The The Parish book of excommunications contains two entries of excommu- Registers. nication for incest, one for fornication, and one absolution, which have been fully inserted under their respective dates in the body of this work. The churchwardens' accounts have also been re-produced, with few exceptions, under their respective dates.



The Court Halmot, and Courts Leet and Baron, are held Court Halmot after Easter and Michaelmas, when the usual business is and Courts transacted, such as receiving fines and surrenders, admitting Leet and copyholders, &c. The following is a list of the stewards of the courts from 3rd Sep., 1545, the earliest date in the extant books. The list of high stewards is incomplete, from the difficulty, if not impossibility, of obtaining their names, since they do not appear in the court rolls after 1614.

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* Of Sockburn, co. Durham; born 1510, died 1567. He m. Anne, dau. of sir John Dauney, of Sessay, in Allertonshire.

+Of Streatlam, co. Durham, and South Cowton, co. York, the knight marshall so distinguished for his loyalty during the rebellion in 1569. He died in 1580. His sister Margery, mar. Knox the Reformer.

Temporal chancellor of Durham, 1562, and attorney-general of the same county palatine in bishop Pilkington's time. Deputy escheator in bishop Barnes's.

Created lord Grantley, born at Markenfield, co. York, 9th April, 1782.

This is the first mention of a "Learned Steward" (20th Oct., 1611) and from this period, with the exception of 10th April, 1614, the Learned Stewards have sat, and the High Stewards are not even mentioned; the latter office was abolished upon the death of the earl of Harewood in 1857.

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Extracts from




Speaking of the Castle Hills, Mr. Jefferson says, "Curiosity a Lecture on led me to examine a singular looking place in Brompton called Barrow-pit Holes,' a small artificial hillock, but concave at the top. This was most probably a tumulus in connection with the Castle Hills, from which point the latter could be distinctly seen. * * Many of us must remember the beautiful avenue of trees which stood so majestically on the south side, and all of which were so ruthlessly cut down

* Of Durham, barrister-at-law, and recorder of Durham, second son of Christopher Fawcett, of Lambton, co. Durham; b. in 1676; m. Elizabeth, dau. of Richard Stonhewer, esq., of Durham, by whom he had seven sons and four daughters. Christopher his eldest son was a barrister, and recorder of Newcastle-on-Tyne, whose eldest dau. m. 1780 to Richard Wm. Peirse, esq., of Hutton Bonville; Richard, D.D., vicar of Newcastle-onTyne, rector of Gateshead, and prebendary of Durham; John, who assumed the name of Pulteney; Thomas, rector of Green's Norton, co. Northampton; John, William, and Thomas, who died young. Elizabeth m. to Peter Bowlby, LL.D.; Mary, Dorothy, and Elizabeth, died young.

+Of Arncliffe, barrister-at-law, son of Timothy Mauleverer, esq.; m. Sarah Pawson, dau. of John Wilberfoss, esq., of Gainsborough, co. Lincoln, (who died 13th July, 1810) he had issue Thomas, John, and Richard, who died young; Jane, m. to Robert Lindsey, esq., of Lavighry, in the co. of Tyrone; Sarah, m. to Arthur Worsop, esq., Alverley Grange, co. York; Annie m. in 1780 to col. Clotworthy Gowan, Bessingly, co. York, by whom he had issue the late Wm. Mauleverer, esq.; Frances, d. in 1827; Mary, d. in 1833. + Of Durham, barrister-at-law, and steward of the borough of Durham. Of Durham, a barrister, clerk of the peace for Durham 1783.

Of Northallerton, only son of Roger Rigge, esq., of Hawkshead, co. Lancashire, by his wife Mary, dau. of John Fletcher, esq., of Wood Broughton, Lancashire; a deputylieutenant of the North-Riding of Yorkshire; clerk of assize of the northern circuit; mar. Susannah, dau. of Joseph Saunders, esq., of Ealing, co. Middlesex.

¶ Of Northallerton, solicitor, b. 17th June, 1781; d. 31st Aug., 1844.. He mar. Charlotte C. Diemer, dau. of John Goll, esq., and widow of the rev. J. C. Diemer, D.D., who died 9th Dec., 1850.

** W. D. Walker, held the court for Mr. Fowle, 2nd Oct., 1852, and R. M. Atkinson 18th April, 1857.

Mr. Pringle was afterwards knighted, and sat as Sir George Pringle, knight, at the Court holden on Oct. 6th, 1883.

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Lecture on

to make way for a railway. Would that it had been in my Extracts from power to have stayed that work of destruction." Referring Northallerton to the castle, he says, "Leland's account certainly bears a traditionary character being descriptive of a place where the castle of Alverton some time stood,' and adds that there was no appearance of any walls. At the same time it is highly probable that a castle-like building did once stand upon the summit of the hill, which was afterwards pulled down and merged in the palace or castle within the moat. * * The 'Vine House' and gardens at the rear were undoubtedly part of the lands belonging to the Carmelite establishment.' Mr. Jefferson then noticed the following allusions to the town made by eminent writers. In Sir Walter Scott's novel "The Monastery," chapter 16, Sir Piercie Shafton is made to say that he was met at Northallerton, on his way north, by a messenger from the Duke of Northumberland; and Dr. Johnson, in one of his letters, mentions having slept a night at Northallerton, and his impression of the place.* Lady Blessington in her "Confessions of an Elderly Lady," makes the lady state that she happened to be at the "Marquis of Granby" (Inn) at Northallerton at the same time that her old lover and his bride were there.


Hugh, Duke of Northumberland, K.G. (Sir Hugh Smithson,† Sir Hugh bart.), only son of Langdale Smithson, esq., by his wife Smithson, bt. Philadelphia, daughter of William Revely, esq., of Newby Wiske; was born at Northallerton, in 1712, baptised at Kirby Wiske, 10th Dec., 1712. Langdale Smithson dying before his father, the third bart., his son inherited the baronetcy in 1729, upon the death of his grandfather, and served the office of high sheriff of Yorkshire in 1738. He married lady Elizabeth,§ only surviving child of Algernon, duke of Somerset (who was created baron Warkworth and earl of Northumberland, 2nd Oct., 1749, with remainder, failing his issue male, to his son-in-law sir Hugh Smithson,

* Vide Boswell's "Life of Johnson."

+ The family of Smithson have held considerable estates in Yorkshire since the conquest. Robert and Thomas de Smythton, were summoned to appear on a jury, in an inquisition taken on Thursday, the feast of St. Catharine, A.D. 1333; and about this period the family removed from Smithton (Smeaton ?) to Yafforth, near Northallerton, which latter estate John Smythson exchanged in 1441 with Robert Danby, for lands in Newsome, &c.

Mrs. Smithson being on a visit to her relative Robert Mitford, esq., then residing at Northallerton, she was unexpectedly taken in labour, and safely delivered of a son, the subject of this account. Elizabeth Mansfield, of Northallerton, was appointed his nurse. Sir Hugh Smithson was considered the most handsome man of his day. A female friend happened to mention to the lady Elizabeth Percy, that sir Hugh had been rejected by a friend of hers; whereupon the heiress observed, that the lady in question was "the only woman in England who would have refused sir Hugh Smithson." The expression soon reached the ears of sir Hugh, who wooed and won lady Elizabeth, and was the only duke created by George III.


Sir Hugh bart., and to the heirs male of his body by lady Elizabeth Smithson, bt. his wife; in default of which the dignities of baroness

Hair Powder

Terrier of

Warkworth and countess of Northumberland to the said lady Elizabeth, and of baron Warkworth and earl of Northumberland to her heirs male); succeeded to those honours upon the death of the duke in 1750, and obtained in the same year an act of parliament to allow himself and his countess to assume the surname and arms of Percy. His lordship was installed a Knight of the Garter in 1757, and created earl Percy and duke of Northumberland 18th Oct., 1766, with remainder to his issue male by Elizabeth his wife. His grace obtained the barony of Louvaine, of Alnwick, with remainder to his second son lord Algernon Percy, by patent, dated 28th Jan., 1784. His grace died in 1786, and was succeeded by his son Hugh, second duke, K.G., father of Hugh, third duke, and Algernon, fourth duke, K.G., f.r.S., F.S.A., &c.


The following list of certificates for using Hair Powder, issued in the year 1795, may be of interest to our readers. PARISH OF NORTHALLERTON.

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A TRUE AND PERFECT TERRIER OF THE GLEBE LANDS Glebe Lands. and other Rights and Possessions belonging to the Vicarage of Northallerton, in the county of York, made this First day of September, 1781.†

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* The custom of wearing Hair Powder came into existence about 1590, but it has now almost fallen into disuse; footmen in noble families only retaining this method of dressing the hair. Duty upon the use of hair powder was first levied in 1795, which yielded at one time to the revenue the sum of £20,000 per annum. The tax was repealed in 1869. John Crowder was the licensed distributor of certificates for using hair powder in Northallerton in 1796.

+The Terrier is so lengthy and its phraseology so dry and uninteresting, that I have only inserted just what the public would care to read, retaining the etymology of the original document.

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