The works of John Locke. To which is added the life of the author and a collection of several of his pieces, publ. by mr. Desmaizeaux, Volume 3
What people are saying - Write a review
We haven't found any reviews in the usual places.
Other editions - View all
Common terms and phrases
able abstract affirmed agree agreement or disagreement allow appear arguments assent assurance authority believe body called carry cause certain certainty clear complex concerning conclusion connexion consider consists demonstration depend determined discover distinct doubt equal error essence eternal evidence examine existence experience faculties faith farther follow force forms foundation give gold grounds hath ideas immediately impossible instance judge judgment knowledge known least ledge less light look matter maxims means men's mind motion names natural necessary never objects observe opinions particular perceive perhaps positions principles probability produce proofs propositions prove qualities question rational reason received rest revelation rules sciences self-evident senses serve side signification simple sort stand substances suppose syllogism taken testimony things thought tion true truth understanding universal wherein whole
Page 27 - For example, does it not require some pains and skill to form the general idea of a triangle (which is yet none of the most abstract, comprehensive, and difficult)! for it must be neither oblique nor rectangle, neither equilateral, equicrural, nor scalenon; but all and none of these at once.
Page 149 - Reason is natural revelation, whereby the eternal Father of light, and fountain of all knowledge, communicates to mankind that portion of truth which he has laid within the reach of their natural faculties. Revelation is natural reason enlarged by a new set of discoveries, communicated by God immediately, which reason vouches the truth of, by the testimony and proofs it gives, that they come from God...
Page 220 - I have mentioned mathematics as a way to settle in the mind a habit of reasoning closely and in train; not that I think it necessary that all men should be deep mathematicians, but that having got the way of reasoning, which that study necessarily brings the mind to, they might be able to transfer it to other parts of knowledge as they shall have occasion.30 For in all sorts of reasoning every single argument should be managed as a mathematical demonstration; the connection and dependence of ideas...
Page 113 - THE word REASON in the English language has different significations: sometimes it is taken for true and clear principles: sometimes for clear and fair deductions from those principles: and sometimes for the cause, and particularly the final cause. But the consideration I shall have of it here is in a signification different from all these; and that is, as it stands for a faculty in man, that faculty whereby man is supposed to be distinguished from beasts, and wherein it is evident he much surpasses...
Page 139 - Thou art, of what sort the eternal life of the saints was to be, which eye hath not seen, nor ear heard, nor hath it entered into the heart of man to conceive.
Page 2 - And that which makes it yet harder to treat of mental and verbal propositions separately, is, that most men, if not all, in their thinking and reasonings within themselves, make use of words instead of ideas, at least when the subject of their meditation contains in it complex ideas.
Page 95 - Thus the mind has two faculties conversant about truth and falsehood. first, Knowledge, whereby it certainly perceives, and is undoubtedly satisfied of, the agreement or disagreement of any ideas. Secondly, Judgment, which is the putting ideas together, or separating them from one another, in the mind, when their certain agreement or disagreement is not perceived, but presumed to be so; which is, as the word imports, taken to be so, before it certainly appeal's.
Page 58 - ... us to hearken to those proofs, as being weak or fallacious, which our own existence and the sensible parts of the universe offer so clearly and cogently to our thoughts, that I deem it impossible for a considering man to withstand them. For I judge it as certain and clear a truth, as can any where be delivered, that the invisible things of God are clearly seen from the creation of the world, being understood by the things that are made, even his eternal power and godhead.
Page 70 - First, it is plain those perceptions are produced in us by exterior causes affecting our senses : because those that want the organs of any sense never can have the ideas belonging to that sense produced in their minds. This is too evident to be doubted : and therefore we cannot but be assured that they come in by the organs of that sense, and no other way. The organs themselves, it is plain, do not produce them ; for then the eyes of a man in the dark would produce colors, and his nose smell roses...
Page 103 - ... it would, methinks, become all men to maintain peace, and the common offices of humanity, and friendship, in the diversity of opinions...