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1 station, 4 missionaries, 3 female assistant mission

aries, and 5 native assistants.)

more encouraging than they are now." We are not indeed permitted to rejoice in view of the presence of the Holy The population of Constantinople and Spirit to convert and sanctify the hearts its suburbs is estimated at upwards of a of men; but the means of that mental il-million, whether we base the estimate lumination, which prepares the way for his gracious agency and usually precedes it, were never so rapidly and extensively diffused among the Greek people, as they have been the past year. Mr. King alone distributed by sale and gratuitously, during the year 1835, 2,656 copies of the New Testament and parts of the Old, in modern Greek, and 25,896 schoolbooks and religious tracts; and he could have disposed of many more had not his stock been exhausted. The schools of Greece, of which there are many, and the number is increasing, depend almost wholly on the presses of different missionary societies for their supply of books. Mr. Riggs has prepared a series of questions in modern Greek on Genesis, which will facilitate the study of that interesting and instructive portion of sacred history. He has also prepared a series of maps in Greek, illustrating the science of geography, which will be of great service to the schools.

The ecclesiastical government has issued a proclamation against the modern

Greek version of the Old Testament from the original Hebrew. The Septuagint is declared to be the only version admissible in the eastern church. This of course does not affect the circulation of the modern version of the New Testament, nor has it in fact prevented the sale of many copies of the Pentateuch since that time. It will however make it difficult to introduce the Old Testament into the


Mr. King continues his gymnasium, though on a somewhat reduced scale for want of funds to sustain it on his original plan. It is no doubt one of the best, if not the very best, of the higher institutions of learning in Greece.

upon the records of the capitation tax. upon the public register of houses, or The four prominent classes among the inhabitants are Turks, Armenians, Greeks, and Jews. The mission is designed to operate more or less upon all of these classes. The work of reform has been steadily advancing among the Armenians of Constantinople for three years past. The number who receive the scriptures as the only and sufficient guide in matters of faith and practice, is believed to be considerable already and to be increasing daily. What is more, there is a precious little company of disciples who have devoted themselves to the love and service of the Lord Jesus, Some of these have been mentioned in a and this company also is increasing. former Report. Hohannes and Senakerim continue to be faithful and efficient

helpers. Among those more recently brought into the kingdom is an intelligent young priest. He has the charge of a school containing nearly four hundred boys, with a number of assistants.

It is remarkable that so many of the blessing of God on the influence of the cases of hopeful conversion, through the mission, are found among the clergy or the sons of the clergy. There are three or four priests, four sons of priests, and a grandson of a priest.

lished with principal reference to the The High School or Seminary, estabArmenians, is regarded with much favor by the people. The Seminary was opened on the 27th of October, 1834, with three scholars, under the direction of Mr. Paspati, a Greek young gentleman educated at Amherst college, Mass. The Seminary is in Pera, and is now under the general superintendence of Hohannes. In March it contained upwards of fifty scholars. The studies pursued, with the help of eight teachers, are the EngThe school for girls connected with lish, French, Italian, ancient Greek, Armenian and Turkish languages; gramthe station at Argos, contains upwards of forty pupils, and in the summer of last mar, composition, arithmetic, book-keepyear Mrs. Riggs commenced an infanting, geography, astronomy, etc. etc. The school of about twenty-five small girls.

The Greek audience to which Mr.

King regularly preaches on the Sabbath, varies from fifteen to about forty per


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Seminary has been furnished with a valuable apparatus, adding greatly to the attractiveness and value of the education there acquired. The object of this Seminary is the same with that of the similar institutions established by the Board in connection with other missions: to raise up natives of the country, whom

the grace of God shall qualify to be teachers of schools, preachers of the gospel, and efficient laborers in other departments of usefulness. Of the eight teachers, three are decidedly pious.

Besides the Seminary, the mission supports a grammar-school of twentyseven scholars in Constantinople, and a Lancasterian girl's school of forty-six pupils in Pera. This latter school is for the Greeks.

Thirty Greek Lancasterian schools are now in operation in the city and its vicinity, the origin of all which may be ascribed to the mission. They are wholly in the hands of the Greeks. A year ago Mr. Goodell commenced a religious service at the house of a Greek gentleman, to be continued weekly. Mr. Goodell says the preaching in the Greek churches during the last winter was quite evangelical, to the surprise and encouragement of such of the Greeks as are sighing after a better state of things.

Nor has the spirit of religious inquiry among the Jews subsided. In spite of prisons and bastinadoes, thoughts about religion occupy the minds of some of them sufficiently to lead them to the most serious and appalling exposures to persecution.

In addition to a revised version of the Old Testament in Hebrew-Spanish, which was mentioned in the last Report, Mr. Schuaffler is preparing a lexicon in Hebrew and Hebrew-Spanish. He has commencing also a series of tracts in Hebrew-German. The psalms in Hebrew-Spanish were printing at a press belonging to an Armenian at Constantinople. On the 25th of December Mr. Schauffler administered christian baptism to a Jew from Germany, who took the name of Hermann Marcussohn. This is the first Jewish convert to whom he has administered baptism.

The eight Lancasterian schools which were originally established among the Turkish soldiers, with the help of the mission, continue to prosper. They are supported and managed wholly by the Turks.

Two stated weekly meetings in the Turkish language, designed particularly for the young Armenian and Greek reformers, to whom this language is vernacular, are maintained by the mission.

Panayotes, a pious and valued Greek assistant, is employed under Mr. Goodell's direction, in revising the translation of the scriptures into Armeno-Turkish. The whole Bible will soon be in readiness for an edition at the expense of the American Bible Society. The version

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Scro. Samuel R. Houston, Missionary, and wife. Powers, Missionaries, and their wives. BROOSA. Benjamin Schneider and Philander O.

Out-Stations.-Demir Tash and Ghemlik.

TREBIZOND.-Thomas P. Johnston and William C. Jackson, Missionaries, and their wives.

(4 stations, 2 out-stations, 7 missionaries, 1 printer, 8 female assistant missionaries, and 1 native assistant.)

SMYRNA. Our book manufactory for the Asia Minor and European missions is at Smyrna, and during the past year the facilities for multiplying books have been greatly increased.

The books printed at the Smyrna press from July, 1835, to July of the present year, were as follows:

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The issues from June 12th, 1835, to July 1st, 1836, were 26,670 copies. The whole number of copies of the Alphabetarion printed is 39,000.

Mr. Temple states in a letter dated March last, that, since the year 1832, seven scripture histories, averaging about forty pages each, and amounting to 48,000 copies, have been published in modern Greek, at the expense of the American Tract Society, and nearly all have been distributed.

The mission has a school for Greek boys, which contained nearly a hundred scholars in March, and two schools for

giris, which together had one hundred || tect him and any other Americans who and fifty pupils. should reside at Trebizond.


SCIO.-Although Mr. Houston has been tried by opposition, he has been graciously sustained, and there is reason to believe that the opposition has been overruled for more good than evil. thought it best, however, at the respectful but earnest request of the civil authorities of the island, to relinquish for a season a small school he had opened for teaching the English language. He had previously established three Lancasterian schools in advantageous positions, which, though known to be supported wholly or in part by him, were not molested. A well educated and intelligent young physician, a native of Scio, has connected himself with Mr. Houston, and zealously aids him in his labors, while the mission is obviously gaining in the confidence of the people.

BROOSA. The general state and prospects of this station are much the same as they were last year. The Armenian school, mentioned in the last Report, was suppressed through the unfriendly influence of the vartabed or chief of the Armenian priests. Mr. Powers now resides in the Armenian quarter of the city, and Mr. Schneider among the Greeks. The former has many trials through the agency of the vartabed. Mr. Schneider has a bible-class of Greek scholars, which he conducts in the Turkish language. Up to the present year there had been 1,162 bibles and testaments and 1,552 school-books distributed since the commencement of the station in July, 1834, besides religious tracts.

No regular schools are now kept open at Broosa by the mission. Five Greek boys are studying the English language with Mr. Schneider, and fifteen Greek girls are attending to the rudiments of

female education with Mrs. Schneider.

The out-station at Demir Tash had a Lancasterian school of one hundred and thirty scholars; and the one at Ghemlik had another similar school of forty pupils.

TREBIZOND.-Mr. Johnston has removed with his family to this station. The difficulties he experienced in securing a house on his former visit, suggested the propriety of applying to the Sultan for protection. A letter was very readily granted by the vizier ensuring to him the possession of his house, and directing the pasha of the province to pro

Mr. and Mrs. Jackson sailed from Boston in the brig Massachusetts, on the 3d of December.


Thomson, and Story Hebard, Missionaries; Mrs. Bird, BEYROOT-Isaac Bird, Eli Smith, William M. Mrs. Smith, and Mrs. Thomson. Mrs. Dodge and Miss Rebecca W. Williams, Teachers.

Tannoos El Haddad, Native Catechist. JERUSALEM.-George B. Whiting and John F. Lanneau, Missionaries; and Mrs. Whiting.

CYPRUS.-(Connected with the Syrian mission.) Lorenzo W. Pease and James L. Thompson, Missionaries; and Mrs. Pease.

On the way to Syria.-Miss Betsey Tilden, Teacher. On the way to Cyprus.-Daniel Ladd, Missionary,

and wife.

sionaries, and 1 native helper.) (3 stations, 9 missionaries, 9 female assistant mis

Messrs. Thompson, Lanneau, and Hebard reached Beyroot on the 14th of May.

This accession to the mission furnishes an associate for Mr. Whiting at Jerusalem, and may perhaps lead also to the

commencement of a new station.

Mount Lebanon has been subdued by the pasha of Egypt without bloodshed. Almost every change in that part of the world opens the door still wider for missionary efforts. Lebanon is completely open. Missionaries can go where they please. The Druze population, in particular, have been rendered accessible to the truth. They are frequently seen at the chapel of the mission. Mr. Bird preached every Sabbath to a small congregation of them, during his residence at Aaleih, on Mount Lebanon in the summer of last year. The people of Aaleih entreated that a school might be opened in their village, and a similar request was received from a village in the neighborhood. Mrs. Dodge did in fact collect a very interesting school of girls, chiefly Druzes, in Aaleih.

The following table will exhibit the state of the schools in July 1835.


Mrs. Smith had fifty scholars during the previous six months. There were upwards of fifty writers in the schools. The mission was about commencing two schools for Druzes on Mount Lebanon.

A seminary or high school was commenced some months since. The course of study will embrace, the Arabic language, the English language, geography and astronomy, civil and ecclesiastical history with chronology, mathematics, rhetoric, natural and moral philosophy, composition and translation, the bible and natural theology, and sacred music. In all these departments, there is a great and in some an entire deficiency of books. The seminary and the press, however, with the divine blessing upon the labors of the mission, will gradually supply the demand. To the seminary also, under God, must we look for native assistants to send out among the villages in the mountains and elsewhere.

The printing establishment is now brought before the Committee for enlargement. This, and the press of the Church Missionary Society at Malta, and the press of the British and Foreign Bible Society in London, are the only ones employed in printing evangelical or elementary school-books in Arabic, a language spoken probably by more than thirty millions of people. At the same time, suitable elementary books can be found in none of the departments of education, and nearly all are needed at once, as well as books of christian doctrine and devotion.

At Jerusalem Mr. Whiting has found much encouragement to distribute books and tracts among the numerous pilgrims who annually and from all quarters visit the holy city. The greater part were sold. A little more than a year ago, having succeeded in procuring a teacher, he opened a school. At the same time a few Moslem girls were sent by their parents to Mrs. Whiting to be taught to read and sew.

spend much time in prayer. Meanwhile his case was made known to an officer next in authority to Ibrahim Pasha, who visited Beyroot about that time, and the man was at length ordered to go free, on the ground that the Druzes by precedent might change their religion and remain harmless. The result of this decision may be very auspicious among that people.

CYPRUS.-Mr. and Mrs. Ladd sailed from Boston, July 16th, designated to Cyprus, on condition that a salubrious and otherwise eligible place is found on the island for a missionary station.

When Messrs. Thomson and Pease explored this island in January, 1835, the prelate at Nicosia had already established a Lancasterian school, containing about sixty boys, furnished with books from the mission presses, and was earnest and apparently sincere in requesting them to establish schools throughout the island. He also expressed his approbation of the plan of a central high school for educating teachers. They estimate the number of Greek Christians on the island at about 70,000, and there does not appear to be any serious obstacle in the way of distributing the scriptures and diffusing the knowledge of the gospel among them, except the insalubrious nature of the climate and the small number of missionaries at command. It was thought, however, that Lapithos, a large village on the northwestern shore, two days ride from Larnaca, within and around which are about 15,000 souls, might prove to be a healthy place of residence.

Mr. Pease left Beyroot with his family on the 11th of October, and landed at Larnaca on the 15th. There he found a flourishing school of more than fifty scholars under the direction of Mr. Pierides, a well-informed Greek gentleman, familiar with the English language.



OORMIAH.-Justin Perkins, Missionary; Asahel

A deeply interesting case occurred among the Druzes, in the early part of the present year. The Druzes are by Grant, M. D., Physician; and their wives. profession Mohammedans, and are recognized as such by the laws of the country, and according to law the penalty is death for renouncing the Moslem faith. A Druze declared himself a convert to the christian religion through the labors of our brethren at Beyroot, and openly and boldly professed himself a Christian. He was seized and imprisoned by the Arnor of Beyroot, but remained firm ose to die rather than deny us. He was observed to

(1 station, 1 missionary, 1 physician, and 2 female assistant missionaries.)

The last Report left Mr. Perkins diligently studying the Syriac language at Tabreez, with the aid of a Nestorian bishop and priest. Doct. and Mrs. Grant were then on their way to Persia.

About the middle of November, Messrs. Perkins and Grant and their families left Tabreez for Oormiah. They entered the city on the 20th, amid a drenching storm


same there as every where else. The spiritual nature and requisitions of the gospel, when perceived, will not be pleasing to all; and besides, far more is anticipated by the people from the mission, than can possibly be realized. Yet that here is an opening for usefulness of extraordinary promise, can be doubted by no one.

of rain, which however relieved them, and general favor. Human nature is the from that troublesome crowd of curious spectators they would otherwise have been subjected to. Their coming was every where greeted by the Nestorians with cordiality. On entering Galavan on the 19th, the village of the bishop Mar Yohanna, who had resided with Mr. Perkins, the bishop and nearly all the men came out to meet him, with the oftrepeated cry of "welcome, welcome, welcome." The bishop accompanied them next day to the city, about thirty miles distant. They found their house situated in the most desirable part of the city, and the surrounding country one of the most charming in the world.

Oormiah is said to be a favorite place of residence with the Persian nobility, on account of the superior healthfulness of its climate. The fact that Doct. Grant was a physician was highly gratifying to them, and the Persian governor sent immediately to welcome both him and Mr. Perkins to the place. Hundreds of patients, of all classes, immediately began to throng his house waiting to be healed. Wherever the brethren went, they were cordially saluted by the people, priests, and bishops. A school was projected for educating teachers, to be taught on the Lancasterian plan, in one of their houses. Board was to be furnished gratuitously to one scholar from each of the thirty principal Nestorian villages in the province, at the expense of about twenty dollars a year, with the expectation that these scholars would one day become qualified to act as teachers for their native villages. The whole number of Nestorian villages is nearly a hundred.

The efforts of the mission, however, are greatly embarrassed for want of a press. They request a press and printer, with two more clerical laborers, without delay. One clerical missionary has been obtained, and expects to embark in the ensuing winter.

It is a singular fact that Doct. Grant has been obliged to teach a Mohammedan school, during a small part of each day, in order to quiet the ininds of the Mussulmans, who were disposed to look with jealousy on these new favors conferred upon their despised christian subjects, and resentfully inquired, Are we to be passed by?

It is possible that this jealousy of the Mohammedans may yet interpose serious obstacles to the success of the mission. Nor can it be expected that the Nestorians themselves will long continue to regard the mission with such marked



James L. Merrick, Missionary.

It has been already stated that Mr. Merrick accompanied Doct. and Mrs. Grant in their journey from Constantinople to Tabreez, and arrived at the latter place on the 15th of October. There he remained through the winter, in the study of the Persian language. In April he was expecting to visit Oormiah, and then to accompany some German missionaries to Ispahan, which from the first he has regarded as the central point of his mission and his home. The Committee have sent conditional instructions to a missionary, already in western Asia, to join Mr. Merrick in Persia during the present season. It still seems important to find a well educated physician, of sound judgment and devoted piety, to send into this field.



This mission has been contemplated for some time. It is now in a way to be Committee humbly trust, to the indicasoon attempted, and in obedience, as the tions of Providence. A missionary has been designated to this field, and only waits till another of suitable qualifications can be obtained to accompany him. The seat of the mission will be at Ajmere, about three hundred and fifty miles from the head of the gulf of Cambay, going by way of Ahmedabad and Oodipoor.


BOMBAY.-Cyrus Stone, Sendol B. Mnnger, and Honry Ballantine, Missionaries; Elijah A. Webster, Printer; George W. Hubbard, Superintendent of Schools for Boys; and their wives. Miss Cynthia Farrar, Superintendent of Female Schools. Mrs. Sampson, widow of William C. Sampson.

A. F. Fonceca and Sewajeo, Native Assistants.

AHMEDNUGGUR.-D. O. Allen and George W. Boggs, Missionaries; Amos Abbott, Superintendent of Schools; Mrs. Boggs and Mrs. Abbott.

Dajeeba, Native Assistant.

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