English Philosophers and Schools of Philosophy
J.M. Dent & sons, Limited, 1912 - 372 pages
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abstract action affections appear argument association authority Bacon become belief benevolence Berkeley called cause century character common complete conception concerned conduct consequences consists constitution criticism distinction distinguished doctrine element English entire Essay essential ethical existence experience explain expression fact faith feeling follows force former give hand happiness Hobbes human Hume Ibid ideal ideas imagination importance impression individual induction inquiry intellectual interest interpretation knowledge less limits Locke logical material matter means mere merely method Mill mind moral names nature never notion object observation original particular person philosophy political possible practical present principle problem qualities question rational reality reason reflection regard relation religion result says scepticism scientific sect seems sense social speculation spirit substance suggested theory things thought tion Treatise true truth ultimate understanding universal virtue whole writer
Page 67 - To this war of every man against every man this also is consequent, that nothing can be unjust. The notions of right and wrong, justice and injustice, have there no place. Where there is no common power, there is no law; where no law, no injustice.
Page 249 - The creed which accepts as the foundation of morals, Utility, or the Greatest Happiness Principle, holds that actions are right in proportion as they tend to promote happiness, wrong as they tend to produce the reverse of happiness.
Page 166 - For my part, when I enter most intimately into what I call myself, I always stumble on some particular perception or other, of heat or cold, light or shade, love or hatred, pain or pleasure. I never can catch myself at any time without a perception, and never can observe anything but the —'perception.
Page 98 - Let us then suppose the mind to be, as we say, white paper, void of all characters, without any ideas: — How comes it to be furnished? Whence comes it by that vast store which the busy and boundless fancy of man has painted on it with an almost endless varíerv? Whence has it all the materials of reason and knowledge? To this I answer, in one word, from EXPERIENCE.
Page 249 - ... pleasure and freedom from pain are the only things desirable as ends; and that all desirable things (which are as numerous in the utilitarian as in any other scheme) are desirable either for the pleasure inherent in themselves, or as means to the promotion of pleasure and the prevention of pain.
Page 68 - Whatsoever therefore is consequent to a time of war, where every man is enemy to every man ; the same is consequent to the time, wherein men live without other security, than what their own strength, and their own invention shall furnish them withal.
Page 166 - I may venture to affirm of the rest of mankind, that they are nothing but a bundle or collection of different perceptions, which succeed each other with an inconceivable rapidity, and are in a perpetual flux and movement.
Page 97 - I shall not at present meddle with the physical consideration of the mind, or trouble myself to examine wherein its essence consists, or by what motions of our spirits, or alterations of our bodies, we come to have any sensation by our organs, or any ideas in our understandings; and whether those ideas do, in their formation, any or all of them, depend on matter or no...
Page 34 - The men of experiment are like the ant, they only collect and use; the reasoners resemble spiders, who make cobwebs out of their own substance. But the bee takes a middle course: it gathers its material from the flowers of the garden and of the field, but transforms and digests it by a power of its own.
Page 137 - But besides all that endless variety of ideas or objects of knowledge, there is likewise something which knows or perceives them, and exercises divers operations, as willing, imagining, remembering, about them. This perceiving, active being is what I call mind, spirit, soul, or myself.