Theories of Cognition in the Later Middle Ages
Cambridge University Press, 1997 M05 28 - 330 pages
This book is a major contribution to the history of philosophy in the later medieval period (1250-1350). It focuses on cognitive theory, a subject of intense investigation during these years. In fact many of the issues that dominate philosophy of mind and epistemology today--intentionality, mental representation, skepticism, realism--were hotly debated in the later medieval period. The book offers a careful analysis of these debates, primarily through the work of Thomas Aquinas, Peter John Olivi, and William Ockham.
Thomas Aquinas and the theory of species
Challenges to the theory
Immateriality and intentionality
Intentionality made mysterious
Form and representation
Passivity and attention
Are species superfluous?
act of cognition act-object doctrine actu agent intellect aliquid anima apprehended Aquinas Aquinas's argues argument Aristotelian Aristotle Aureol autem causal Chapter claim cognitive power color concepts Crathorn criterion denies direct realism discussion eius enim epistemological external object external world ficta fictum formal identity habet Henry of Ghent human ibid ideo immaterial InDA intel intellectively cognized intelligible species intentional existence intentionally kind knowledge medieval mental representation mental word mind modo modum natural nisi obiecti obiectum objects of cognition Olivi and Ockham passage passive perceive perception Peter Aureol philosophers potentia potest quae quam question quia quod reject representationalism says Scholastic Scotus secundum seems seen sensation sense sensible species sensory sensus Sent sicut similitudo skeptical sort soul speciem species in medio species theory spiritual ST 1a Summa Summa theologiae sunt takes thing tion verbum William Crathorn William Ockham