The Security of the Caspian Sea Region

Front Cover
Gennadij I. Čufrin, Gennadiĭ Illarionovich Chufrin, Stockholm International Peace Research Institute
Oxford University Press, 2001 - 375 pages
This book is the result of a two-year SIPRI research project. The authors come from 12 countries, including all the Caspian littoral states, and have a unique knowledge of regional affairs. They present authoritative basic data on the true energy resources in the Caspian Sea region, on existing and proposed energy pipelines, on the spread of radical Islam, and on arms acquisitions and military spending by regional governments. They then look at the national political and security interests in the region of the littoral and the main extra-regional countries and of the role of energy resources in the security situation in the Caspian region. Finally, they examine the changing conflict dynamics in the region and the prospects for international interaction there in the 21st century.
 

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Contents

Introduction
1
The new geopolitical situation in the Caspian region
11
Energy reserves pipeline routes and the legal regime in the
33
threats to its biological resources and
69
Major trends in military expenditure and arms acquisitions by the
83
region
119
can the wishlist be realized?
136
Turkeys objectives in the Caspian region
151
its impact on security in the
257
The positions of the contending parties
259
The positions of the regional countries
264
The stand of the Western countries
271
Attempts at mediation
273
The danger of armed conflict
275
Scenarios for conflict resolution
277
Conclusions
279

The evolving security role of Iran in the Caspian region
166
Azerbaijans strategic choice in the Caspian region
178
The choice of independent Georgia
195
Kazakhstans security policy in the Caspian Sea region
212
Turkmenistans quest for economic security
231
The major competitors and partners of Turkmenistan
234
The transCaspian gas pipeline
236
Existing pipelines
238
The legal status of the Caspian Sea
241
Conclusions
242
Turkmenistan and Central Asian regional security
244
The neutrality concept
245
The Taliban connection
246
The reality of Turkmenistanss neutrality
252
The changing conflict dynamics in the Caspian Sea region
255
The GeorgianAbkhazian Conflict
281
The postwar situation
286
The position of Russia
290
The position of the West
292
Conclusions
294
The glitter and poverty of Chechen Islam
295
The influence of Islam on events in Chechnya
296
The aims of the Chechen leaders in appealing to Islam
298
The failure of the Salafne project
304
External influences
308
Radical Islam as a threat to the security of the Central Asian
311
region
325
Appendix Chronology of defence and securityrelated declarations
345
About the authors
358
Copyright

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About the author (2001)

Gennzdy Chufrin is a SIPRI Project Leader.

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