The Security of the Caspian Sea Region

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Oxford University Press, 2001 - 375 pages
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Over the past decade the Caspian Sea region has risen from relative obscurity to considerable prominence in global affairs. Located at the crossroads of traditional trade routes between Europe and Asia and possessing vast natural resources, oil and natural gas among them, it attractswidespread international interest. The emergence of new sovereign states in the region has fundamentally transformed its political landscape. The future of the Caspian region is far from certain, however, as it is challenged by a wide variety of political, socio-economic and military threats whichinclude the declining living standards of vast segments of local populations, inter-ethnic and inter-confessional tensions and conflicts, militant separatism, international terrorism, and illegal trade in arms and drugs. The security of the region is also affected by the intensifying strategiccompetition among major outside powers over establishing their political and economic influence in regional affairs. The book offers a competent analysis of the major political, economic and security developments in the region by a diverse group of highly qualified experts from the Caspian littoralstates, the USA and the European Union.
 

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Contents

Introduction
1
The new geopolitical situation in the Caspian region
11
Energy reserves pipeline routes and the legal regime in the
33
threats to its biological resources and
69
Major trends in military expenditure and arms acquisitions by the
83
region
119
can the wishlist be realized?
136
Turkeys objectives in the Caspian region
151
its impact on security in the
257
The positions of the contending parties
259
The positions of the regional countries
264
The stand of the Western countries
271
Attempts at mediation
273
The danger of armed conflict
275
Scenarios for conflict resolution
277
Conclusions
279

The evolving security role of Iran in the Caspian region
166
Azerbaijans strategic choice in the Caspian region
178
The choice of independent Georgia
195
Kazakhstans security policy in the Caspian Sea region
212
Turkmenistans quest for economic security
231
The major competitors and partners of Turkmenistan
234
The transCaspian gas pipeline
236
Existing pipelines
238
The legal status of the Caspian Sea
241
VII Conclusions
242
Turkmenistan and Central Asian regional security
244
The neutrality concept
245
The Taliban connection
246
The reality of Turkmenistans neutrality
252
The changing conflict dynamics in the Caspian
255
The GeorgianAbkhazian Conflict
281
The postwar situation
286
The position of Russia
290
The position of the West
292
Conclusions
294
The glitter and poverty of Chechen Islam
295
The influence of Islam on events in Chechnya
296
The aims of the Chechen leaders in appealing to Islam
298
The failure of the Salafite project
304
External influences
308
Radical Islam as a threat to the security of the Central Asian
311
region
325
Appendix Chronology of defence and securityrelated declarations
345
About the authors
358
Copyright

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About the author (2001)

Gennzdy Chufrin is a SIPRI Project Leader.

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