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the females of sedition, 767, crushes money from his subjects by his penal laws, ib. enters into a league in defence of Italy, 768, a reward promised for killing or taking the king by Perkin's proclamation, 772, the king's wars were always a mine of treasure to him, 773, creates bannerets after the victory at Blackheath, 775, demands of the Scots to have Perkin delivered, 776, 777, constantly named in the Italian league before Ferdinando, 768, exerts his utmost force to secure Perkin, when he had got him on English ground, 778, enters the city of Exeter joyfully, and gives them his sword, 779, takes Perkin out of sanctuary, on promise of life, ib. rebuilds the palace of Shene, 780, assigns a ship manned to Gabato, to discover unknown parts, ib. how the king missed the first discovery, ib. makes peace with the king of Scots, 781, has a third son born, named Edmund, who soon died, ib. passes over to Calais, and has an interview with the archduke, 783, summoned by the pope to the holy war, ib. creates Henry prince of Wales, 785, his barbarous usage of the earl of Oxford, one of his principal servants in war and peace, 786, had scarce any parliament without an act against riots and retainers, 788, subsidy and benevolence in one year without war or fear of any, ib. his treatment of the king of Castile, forced to put in at Weymouth, 789, 790, solicitous to have Henry VI. canonized, 791, marries his second daughter, Mary, to Charles prince of Castile, afterwards emperor, ib. his death, 792, his character and benefactions, ib. laws and justice prevailed in his time, except where he was party, ib. his reputation abroad greater than at home, 793, born at Pembroke castle, 795.

Henry VIII. of England, his birth, i. 756, his eminent distinguishing qualities, 795, learned, but short of his brother Arthur, ib. his felicity upon his succession, ib. his confederacy with Francis I. and Charles V. 535. Henry, prince, insolence of Sir Thomas Overbury to him, ii. 172, his death imputed to the earl of Somerset, ib. Mr. Bacon's Latin eulogium on him, and its translation, 159, 160.

Henry II. last king of France of value, except Henry IV. ii. 257.

Heraclitus, Socrates' opinion of, i. 315, styled the obscure, 317, 325, a dark saying of his, 283.

Herbs made tenderer, i. 136, removed from beds into pots prosper better, ib. grow sweeter by cutting off the first sprout, whence, ib. inquiry whether they can be made medicinable, and how, 148, four designations of it, ib. their ordinary colours, 141. Herbs growing out of the water without roots, 146, growing out of the top of the sea without roots, ib. growing out of snow, ib. growing out of stone, ib. growing in the bottoms of mines, ib. none growing out of the sea-sands, ib. Herbs dying yearly, 147, that last many years, ib. the largest last not longest, as the largest trees do, why, ib. fable of an herb in the likeness of a lamb, 151. Herbs which show the nature of the ground, 155. Herbs which like to be watered with salt water, 157. Herbs that foreshow rain, 178.

Hercules, fable of, i. 104, unbinds Prometheus, 264. Heresy, cases relating thereto, and the punishment of it, i. 646, one great occasion of it, 346. Herlackenden's case, relating to the inheritance of timber trees, i. 618.

Hermogenes, the rhetorician, an instance of an early ripeness and hasty fading, i. 295.

Herons' high flights foreshow wind, i. 178.

Hetherington's declaration concerning lord Essex's treason, i. 425.

Hialas, Peter, a Spaniard, occasions the marriage between the two crowns, i. 776.

Hiccough, why removed by sneezing, i. 159, means to cease it, ib.

Hiero visited by Pythagoras, i. 325, his question to Simonides, ib.

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flesh, i. 90, his aphorism touching diseases contrary to complexion, age, &c. 92, his prognostics upon the seasons of the year, 128, says, Athens is mad, and Democritus only sober, 525.

Hippocrates' sleeve, i. 83.

Hippophagi, the Scythians so called, i. 84.

History, general division of, i. 28. Natural history, ib. Civil history, 29. Appendices to history, 32. History of England, observation on the defects, &c. thereof, ii. 33 note, of Henry VII. commended, ib. Hobart, Sir Henry, ii. 163 note †, 167, 213, 202, likely to die, 227.

Holland cheese, i. 188.

Homage, vowed to the king by every tenant by knight's service, i. 578, how performed, ib. importeth continuance in the blood, 618.

Homicide, how many ways it may be committed, i. 644, thought justifiable only in one case by the Romans, 681, how distinguished by the law of God, ib. law about it, 748.

Honesty of life, breaches of it how presentable, and of what kind, 676.

Honey, i. 151, 152, 182, several ways how it is used, ib. a
wine of honey, 182. Honey of the box-tree, 182.
Honey-dews upon certain leaves and flowers, i. 139, 151.
Honour, the place of virtue, i. 269.
Honour and reputation, i. 304.
Honour hath three ad-
vantages, 292, the degrees of sovereign honour, 304, of
honour in subjects, ib. the spur to virtue, 255. Honour
of the judge is the king's honour, 512.
Honour, Consalvo's saying upon it, i. 306, 682.
Hops, broom, poculent herbs, i. 152.

Horns, i. 168. Horned beasts have no upper teeth, ib.
Hornsby, Francis, ii. 207.

Horse, every tenant by knight's service is obliged to keep one for the king's use, i. 578.

Horses, English, excel in strength and swiftness, i. 517.
Horse's flesh eaten, i. 184.

Horses' tooth has the mark of their age, 168. Sea-horse tooth ring good for the cramp.


Hortensius, his character to the life, i. 295, 296. Hospitals, how frequently they are abused to ill purposes, i. 494, ill effects of very large ones, 495, are best managed in London, and why they are so, ib. the good effects of them in preventing beggars, ib. are not an adequate remedy for supporting the poor, ii. 107.

Hostility, how many ways hindered from being put in execution, when it is between nations, i. 442. Hot bread, its odour nourishing, i. 193.

Houghton, Sir Robert, some account of him, ii. 50. Houghton, Sir Gilbert, his patent stayed at the seal, ii. 167. Household expenses, king James's way of retrenching them, ii. 101, letter of king James relating to them, ib. a draught of the sub-commission relating thereto, 102.

House of Peers a court of judicature, i. 513, of Commons cannot administer an oath, ib.

Howard, Henry, earl of Northampton, lord privy seal, &c. i. 313, his answer to the Dutch minister, ib. Howard, earl of Nottingham, some account of him, ii. 94 note

Huddy, John and Richard, ii. 202.

Hukely, Thomas, his cause recommended by the earl of
Buckingham to the lord keeper Bacon, ii. 198.
Human knowledge, general distribution of, i. 25, 26, 27.
Humours, ill lodged, very dangerous, i. 92.

Hundred, division of the counties into them, and the occasion thereof, i. 572. Hundred courts, to whom granted at the first, ib. lord of the hundred is to appoint two high-constables and a petty one, ib.

Hunsdon, John, baron of, ii. 167.
Hunt, John, ii. 203.

Huntingdon, earl of, ii. 198.

Husbandry in many particulars, i. 517.

Husbands affected by their wives' breeding, i. 199, who make good ones, 260.

Hutton, is made judge of the common pleas, i. 716, ii. 202.
Hutton, Luke, personated by lady Roos, ii. 218.
Hydraulics, i. 98.

Hylas, Hercules's page, the fable of him, i. 104.

Hippocrates, his rule about the garment worn next the Hypocrites, the greatest atheists, i. 274.

I and J.

JAIL, a most pernicious smell, and next to the plague, i.
192, judges and others died by that pernicious infec-
tion, ib.
James I. compares his speech to a mirror, i. 310, compares
himself and parliament to husband and wife, where jea-
lousy is pernicious, ib. desires that country gentlemen
should not live long in London, 330, is calumniated by
Mr. Oliver St. John, in some papers, 691, 692, a short
character of him, 691, his great clemency, 693, his book
to his son, touching the office of a king, commended, 713,
his book very seasonably wrote, ii. 29 note *, commend-
ation of his reign in several instances, i. 680, a farther
account of the king, ii. 29, erects a monument to queen
Elizabeth, 33, farther commendation of his reign, 109, he
moderates in the dispute between the bishops and dis-
senters, at Hampton-court, 34, he keeps the fifth of Au-
gust as a holy-day, on account of his delivery from Gow-
ry's conspiracy, 106, is censured by Le Clerc for
neglecting to take care of lord Bacon, while he preferred
other worthless persons, 130 note †, apprehensive of being
taxed by the earl of Somerset, on his trial, 171 note +
his apostiles on the heads of the charge against the earl
of Somerset, 172, inquires into the poisoning of Sir
Thomas Overbury, 175, goes to Scotland, 185 note †,
holds a parliament in Scotland, 189, his answer to a
letter of the lord keeper, 192, angry with his lordship and
the attorney-general, 194, 195, promises to forgive his
lordship, 196, his remark on lord Bacon's "Novum Or-
ganum," 222 note §, looks over the manuscript of his
lordship's history of the reign of king Henry VII. 238,
memorial of lord Bacon's access to his majesty, 247, let-
ters to him from lord viscount St. Alban, 265, his letter
to the judges of England about Sir Edward Coke's Re-
ports in prejudice of his prerogative, 272.

James III. of Scotland, slain at Bannocksburn, i. 750.
James IV. wholly at the devotion of France, i. 757, married
to Margaret, eldest daughter of Henry VII. 785.
Jason of Thessaly, i. 326.

Jasper, earl of Pembroke, uncle to Henry VII. i. 734, made duke of Bedford at the coronation, ib. commands the army against the lord Lovel, 736, made general again, 740, for the French expedition, 759.

Jaundice, whence the difficulty of curing it proceeds, i. 201. Idolatry, degrees of it, i. 524, doth not dissolve government, 527.

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Imagination, the force of it, i. 174. Imagination exalted, 190, force of it upon the body of the imagination, by inspiring industry, ib. three cautions about the same, 191, worketh most upon weak persons, 190. Imagination, the kinds of it, 195, the force of it upon another body, ib. several instances of it, ib. et in seq. an instance thereof by a pair of cards, ib. three means to impose a thought, ib. designations for trial of the operations in this kind, 196, to work by one that hath a good opinion of you, ib. to work by many, ib. means to preserve imagination in the strength, ib. it worketh more at some times than others, ib. it hath most force upon the lightest motions, 197, effect of the senses, 174. Imagination imitating the imitations of nature, 112.

Imbezzling of the king's plate, &c. strictly to be punished, i. 676.

Imitation in men and other creatures, a thing to be wondered at, i. 112, several motions in men of imitation, 118. Imitation a globe of precepts, i. 269.

Impeachment must be upon oath and presentment, i. 673. "Impetitio," what is meant by it, i. 621, is distinguished from "impedimentum," ib.

Impostors and pirates not to be protected, i. 765.
Imposture by counterfeiting the distance of voices, i. 113.
Impotency of men towards their wives procured in Zant
and Gascony, i. 188, 197.
Impressible and not impressible, i. 182.
Impression, doctrine of, i. 41.

Imprisonment upon contempt of orders in chancery, when to be discharged, i. 721.

Impropriations should be returned to the church, i. 359, the impossibility of it, ib. should contribute largely to the relief of the clergy, ib. the value of them in the nation is above ten subsidies, ib. Improvement, reasons why men do not improve more in many things, ii. 46.

Impulsion and percussion of bodies, i. 170. Impulsion of a body unequal, ib.

Inanimate and animate, wherein they differ, i. 150.

Incense thought to dispose to devotion by the operation of the smell, i. 193.

Inceptions, i. 259.

Incorporating or drowning of metals, i. 175.

Incorporating of iron and stone, i. 240, of silver and tin, 241.

Incubus, its cause and cure, i. 198.

Indian earth, brought over, hath produced Indian plants, i. 146.

Indian fig, its surprising way of growing, i. 151, its leaves of great dimensions without stalks, ib. the Indian custom of quietly burning themselves, 293, had something like ordnance in the time of Alexander, 307. Indictment, ancient forms thereof not to be altered, i. 395. Induration, or lapidification of bodies, i. 95, by cold, ib. by heat, ib. by assimilation, 96, by snow or ice, 94, by metalline water, ib. in some natural spring-waters, 95, of metals, by heating and quenching, ib. by fire, ib. by decoctions within water, the water not touching, ib. Induration by sympathy, 182.

Industry, what we reap from it makes the fruition more pleasant, i. 259.

Infant in the womb subject to the mother's imagination, i 195, suffering from the mother's diet, 198. Infantry, the principal strength of an army, i. 751. Infectious diseases, i. 118, less generally precede the greater, 176, received many ways, 190.

Influences of the moon, i. 188.

Influences of the heavenly bodies, i. 179, 191.
Informers, i. 481.

Infusion maketh liquors thicker, but decoction clearer, whence, i. 119.

Infusions in liquors, i. 84, a short stay best, ib. Infusions to be iterated, ib. useful for medicinal operations, ib. trial, which parts issue soonest, which slowest, 85, evaporations of the finer spirits sometimes useful, ib. Infusions in air, i. 85, the several odours issue at several times, ib.

Infusions in earth, the effects of it, i. 128, cautions to be used in it, ib. several instances thereof, ib.

Ingram, Sir Arthur, ii. 236, 242, 243, 248. Inheritance by fee-simple binds the heir with all binding acts of his ancestors, i. 577, the nature of one opened and explained, 616. Inheritance movable, ib. perpetuity is of the essence of inheritance, 617, what things belong to the owner of inheritance, and what to any particular tenant, in letting estates, ib. what things are not inheritance as soon as severed, ib. is well distinguished by particular estates by our laws, ib. Injunctions for staying of suits, in what cases to be granted, i. 718, are to be enrolled, 721, some rules in granting them, 710.

Injury, several degrees thereof as held by our laws, i. 682. Innocent VIII. pope, i. 734, 758.

Innovations, i. 280, what sort are to be condemned, 511, 668, faulty to condemn all sorts in church matters, 351, objection that there would be no end when once they were begun, answered, 352.

Inns, letter to lord Villiers about them, ii. 88.
Inquination, or inconcoction, i. 180.

Inquisition touching the compounding of metals, i. 240, touching the separation of metals and minerals, 244. Inrolment of apprentices, a certificate relating to them, ii.


Inscriptions upon fruits, i. 140.

“Insecta," i. 160, held by physicians to clarify the blood, ib. the name communicated to all creatures bred of putrefaction, ib. the difference of them according to the several matters they are bred of, ib. several properties in them, 161, they have voluntary motion, ib. other senses besides taste, ib.

Instructions to great officers, like garments, grow loose in the wearing, i. 311.

Intellectual powers, a discourse concerning the helps which might be given them, ii. 46, some further indigested collections relating thereto, 47.

Intestate, how his goods were formerly disposed of who died, i. 587.

Intrails of beasts, whether more nourishing than the outward flesh, i. 89.

Invasion, procured by any from foreign enemies, how to be punished, i. 675.

Invasive war, not made by the first blow, but by the first provocation, i. 743.

Invectives designed often against the prince, though pretended only against his ministers, i. 393, instance of this in queen Elizabeth and lord Burleigh, ib. Invention, art of, i. 46.

Inventors, a catalogue of them, i. 215.

Invincible Armada, a minute account of it, i. 538, 539. Invisibles in bodies ought to be better inquired, because they govern nature principally, i. 97.

Joan, queen of Castile, distracted on the death of Philip her husband, i. 790.

Job's afflictions more laboured in description than Solomon's felicities, i. 264.

John, earl of Lincoln, i. 739. See Lincoln.
John of Austria buries his reputation, i. 537.-
Johnson, Dr. his three material things in sickness, i. 320.
Joints in some plants, i. 148, their cause, ib.
Jones, Dr. Thomas, archbishop of Dublin, letter to him
from the lord chancellor Bacon, ii. 204.
Jones, Sir William, made lord chief justice of Ireland, i.
714, ii. 204, speech to him thereupon, i. 714, four exam-
ples proposed to his imitation, ib. directions what he is
chiefly to regard in the affairs of that nation, ib. letter
to him from the lord chancellor Bacon, ii. 204.
Joseph, Michael, the Cornish blacksmith, i. 773, executed,

Jovinianus, emperor, his death, i. 192.
Journals, i. 31.

Joy gives vigour in the eyes, and sometimes tears, i. 164, sudden joy, the impressions thereof have caused present death, ib.

Iphicrates, the Athenian, says there is no sure league but incapacity to hurt, i. 315, 383, 534.

Ircland affected the house of York, i. 737, proclaims Lambert Simnel, 738, how they receive Perkin from Portugal, 762, twice attacked by the Spaniards, 536, 537. D'Aquila says the devil reserved this kingdom for himself when he proffered Christ all the world, 541. Ireland not well with England, i. 442, account of it in the beginning of its reduction, 714, directions to Sir William Jones in the managing that work, ib. rebellion there caused by the king of Spain, 392, considerations proposed to king James I. about the plantation of it, 470, the great excellency, in several instances, of such a work, 470, 471, plantation of it would prevent seditions here, by employing a vast surcharge of people therein. 471, and would discharge all hostile attempts upon the place, ib. it would bring great profit and strength to the crown of England, ib. a short character of it and the inhabitants, ib. concerning the means of accomplishing the plantation of it, ib. this work to be urged on from parliament and pulpit, 472, men of estate the fittest persons to be engaged in this work, ib. they are to be spurred on by pleasure, honour, and profit, ib. the charge of it must not lie wholly on the undertakers, ib. a commission necessary for it, 473, their buildings to be in towns, and not scattered up and down upon each portion, with

reasons for it, ib. undertakers hereof to be restrained alienating or demising any part, 474, charges of this plantation should be considered first by experienced men, ib. considerations touching the reducing thereof to peace and government, ii. 23, all relics of the war there to be extinguished, ib. the hearts of the people to be won over, and by what methods, ib. dccasion of new troubles to be removed, 24, farther considerations touching the management of the plantations and buildings there, 24, 25, safety of it recommended, 257.

Irish rebel, his petition to be hanged in a with, i. 293. Iron, hot, sounds less than cold, i. 105. Iron sharpens iron, how applied, 303.

Iron instruments hurtful for wounds, i. 173, whether it can be incorporated with flint, 240, may be dissolved by common water, if calcified with sulphur, 246.

Isabella, queen, what she said of good forms, i. 302, see 758, an honour to her sex and times, dies, 788. See Ferdinando.

Islanders' bodies, i. 128. Isocrates long-lived, i. 194.

Israel and Judah united under David, i. 452, they again separate, and so continue, ib.

Italy, the state of affairs there considered, i. 382. Judges of assize, their origin, i. 574, they succeed the ancient judges in eyre, ib.

Judges of the circuits sit by five commissions, which are reckoned up, with the authority they each give, i. 574. Judges of gaol delivery, their manner of proceeding, i. 574, several excellent rules relating to the duty of judges, 716, some directions to them in their circuits, 712, 713, the portraiture and duty of a good judge, 716, the nature of their authority, 647.

Judges to interpret, not make or give law. i. 304, should be more learned than witty, 304, their office extends to their parties, advocates, clerks, and sovereign, ib. four branches of their office, 305, essential qualifications of judges, 304.

Judgment of the last day, i. 339, no change of things after that, ib.

Judicature, i. 304, sour and bitter, ib.

Jugglers, i. 139, their binding in the imagination, and enforcing a thought, i. 195.

Juices of fruit, fit for drinks, i. 153, unfit for them, ib. the cause of each, ib.

Julius III. i. 318.

Julius II. summons Henry VII. to the holy war, i. 783. Jura, how many kinds thereof among the Romans, i. 452. Jurisdictions of courts without jarring, i. 512. "Juris placita, et juris regulæ," their difference, i. 559, the "Juris regulæ " are never to be violated, 560, the "placita " are to be often, ib.

Jury, may supply the defect of evidence out of their own knowledge, but are not compellable thereto, i. 553, the care of our laws about them, 606, of the verge, their duty, 673.

"Jus connubii, civitatis, suffragii, et petitionis," how these correspond to our freedoms, i. 452.

"Jus in re, et jus in rem," the difference between them stated, i. 598.

Justice, king James's administration of it commended, i. 691, employs the three other cardinal virtues in her service, 695, lord Bacon's saying upon the perverting of it, ii. 73.

Justices of assize, their authority lessened by the court of common pleas, i. 574.

Justices in eyre, dealt in private matters only, i. 574, their authority translated to justices of assize, ib. Justices of the peace, their origin, i. 573, they succeed the conservators, and are delegated to the chancellor, ib. their authority, ib. are to attend the judges in their county, 575, 576, their office farther declared, 651, itinerants in Wales, their jurisdiction, 650, of the quorum, who are so, 651, how called so, ib. are appointed by the lord keeper, ib.

Justinian, by commissioners forms the civil law, i. 668, his saying upon that work, 671. Justs and tourneys, i. 292.

Ivy growing out of a stag's horn, scarce credible, i. 144.

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Killing of others, the several degrees and manners of it, with the punishment due to each, i. 684. King, a description of one, i. 207, 208.

King, an essay of one, i. 308. God doth most for kings, and they least for him, ib. the fountain of honour, which should not run with a waste pipe, ib. a prodigal one next a tyrant, ib. ought to have five things under his special care, ib. have few things to desire, and many to fear, 275, with whom they have to deal, 276, the value they set upon friendship, 282, should not side with factions, 302, his proper title in our laws, 654, ought to be called natural liege sovereign, in opposition to rightful or lawful sovereign, ib. his natural politic capacity should not be confounded, 662, his natural person, different from those of his subjects, ib. privileges belonging to his person and crown, ib. offences committed against his person, how punishable, 675. King takes to him and his heirs, and not to his successors, 662, his natural person operates not only on his wife, &c. but also on his subjects, ib. five acts of parliament explained, relating to a distinction that homage followeth the crown, rather than the person of the king, ib. perilous consequences of this distinction, 663, precedents examined relating to the same, 664, how often he has other dominions united by descent of blood, ib. when he obtains a country by war, to which he hath right by birth, he holdeth it by this latter, ib. his person represented in three things, 675, the great heinousness of conspiring against their lives, 694, his sovereignty to be held sacred, 487. James I. the sum of his charge to Sir Francis Bacon, upon delivery of the great seal to him, 709. Enumeration of those kings whose reigns have been most happy, 379, why they administer by their judges, when they themselves are supreme judges, 354. Kings are distinguished in hell, by Menippus in Lucian, only by their louder cries, &c. 335. There are four ways | by which the death of the king is said to be compassed,

ii. 51.

Kingdoms, the foundations of them are of two sorts, i. 470. King's bench, first instituted by William the Conqueror, i. 573, its jurisdiction, ib. dealt formerly in crown matters, ib.

Kinsale taken by the English, i. 540.
Kirkham, Mr. ii. 217.

Knighthood, a new order to be erected upon the union of England and Scotland, i. 456, to be conferred with some difference and precedence upon the planting of Ireland, |


Knights of the bath, i. 765.

Knight's service, "in capite," first instituted, what reservations the Conqueror kept to himself in the institution of this tenure, i. 578, tenants by this service vowed homage and fealty to the king, ib. every heir succeeding his ancestors, paid one year's profit of the land to the king, ib. it is a tenure "de persona regis," ib. tenures held this way cannot be alienated by the tenant without licence of the king, 579, a tenant to a lord by it, why first instituted, ib. a tenant to a lord by this service, is not such of the person of the lord, but of his manor, ib. Knights of the shire were required to be "milites gladio cincti," i. 624.

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Lamps of sundry sorts, i. 127, burn a long time in tombs, ib. Land, the value of it sunk by usury, i. 291. Lands, all in England were in the hands of the Conqueror, except religious and church lands, and what belonged to the men of Kent, i. 576, left by the sea are the king's, ib. are all holden of the crown, 577, in what cases only a man is attainted, to lose them, 580, that are entailed, escheat to the king by treason, ib. when forfeited to the lord, and when to the crown, ib. not passed from one to another upon payment of money, unless there be a deed indented and inrolled, 584, how many ways conveyed, 583, settle according to the intent of the parties upon fines, feoffments, recoveries, ib. held in "capite" or "socage," can be devised only two parts of the whole, 585, the rest descends to the heir, and for what uses, ib. the whole may be conveyed by act, executed in the lifetime of the party, ib. entailed, are reckoned part of the third, ib. how a supply is to be made, when the heir has not the full thirds, ib. the power of the testator in this case, ib. 586, no lands are charged by way of tribute, but all by way of tenure, 624, were by the common law formerly not devisable, 602.

Language: the being of one language a mark of union, i. 529.

Lanthony, prior of, made chancellor of Ireland, i. 767.
Lard put to waste taketh away warts, i. 200.
Larrey, Monsieur De, his history commended, ii. 33 note [.
Lassitude, why remedied by anointing, and warm water, i.

Lasting trees and herbs, i. 147, designation to make plants more lasting than ordinary, ib.

Late flowers and plants, i. 147.

Latimer, bishop, his way to enrich the king, i. 326.
Latimer, notes on his case, ii. 233.

Laud, Dr. his saying of hypocrites, i. 316.

Laughing, a continued expulsion of the breath, i. 164, is always preceded by a conceit of something ridiculous, ib. whence its several effects proceed, 165. Lawgivers much commended, i. 670, 672, were long after kings, 654.

Laws like cobwebs, i. 327, tortured, the worst of tortures, 304, of Henry VII. 748, 750, breaches of the law of nature and nations, 527, of England, second to none in the christian world, 511.

Laws, penal, Sir Stephen Proctor's project relating to them, i. 480, et seq.

Laws of England, a proposal for amending them, i. 666, commended, 667, are made up of customs of several nations, ib. are not to be altered as to the matter, so much as the manner of them, ib. the dignity of such a performance, ib. and the convenience of it, ib. the inconveniences of our laws, ib. what sort of them want most amending, 668, a good direction concerning any doubts that happen in the law, ib. whether the form of statute or common law be best, ib. the advantage of good laws, 671, ours commended as to the matter of them, 672, the civilians' saying, that law intends no wrong, 561, the use of law, which consists in three things chiefly-to secure men's persons from death and violence, to dispose the property of their goods and lands, and for the preservation of their good names from shame and infamy,

570, very much favour life, liberty, and dower, 606, 660, | what effects they have upon the king, 654, they operate in foreign parts, 656, are not superinduced upon any country by conquest, 659, all national ones that abridge the law of nature, are to be construed strictly, 661, of England and Scotland are diverse and several, this is urged as an objection against the naturalization of the Scots, and answered, 660, are rather "figura reipublicæ," than "forma," 463, our common laws are not in force in Guernsey and Jersey, ib. statute ones are not in force in Ireland, ib. do not alter the nature of climates, 464, the wisdom of them in the distribution of benefits and protections suitable to the conditions of persons, ib. a review of our laws much recommended, 468, those of Scotland have the same ground as of England, ib. in general, may be divided into three kinds, 452, how they are to be ordered upon the union of England and Scotland, 457, 458, are divided into criminal and civil, ib. criminal ones are divided into capital and penal, ib. were well maintained by king James, 692, the rigour of them complained of by foreigners, relating to traffic, i. 477, of nations, not to be violated by wars, 376, of God, obscurely known by the light of nature, but more fully discovered by revelation, 338. See Case.

Law-suits, most frequent in times of peace, with the reason of it, i. 545,

Lawyers and popes, i. 320, the study of lawyers' cases recommended, 302. Lawyers and clergymen more obsequious to their prince in employments, 794, civil lawyers should not be discountenanced, i. 513.

Lead will multiply and grow, i. 175, an observation on mixing it with silver, ib. 243.

Leagues within the state pernicious to monarchies, i. 302. League with the Hollanders for mutual strength, 516. Leaning long upon any part, why it causeth numbness, i. 166.

Leaping helped by weights in the hands, i. 161. Learning, objections against it considered, i. 2-7, its diseases, 9, the dignity of learning, 13, public obstacles to it, 23, 24.

Learning, concerning the advancement thereof in the universities, i. 495, &c.

Leases for years, how made, i. 581, they go to the executors, ib. are forfeited by attainder, in treason, felony, præmunire, killing himself, for flying, for standing out against being tried by the country, by conviction of felony, petty larceny, going beyond sea without licence, ib. &c.

Leases for lives, how made, i. 581, in what cases forfeitable, and to whom they are so, ib.

Leaves nourish not, i. 89, 136, 152, how enlarged, 137, the cause why they nourish not, 152, 153.

Leaves three cubits long and two broad, i. 151, plants without leaves, i. 171.

Lectures for philosophy, two erected in perpetuum of two · hundred pounds per annum, by our author, at the universities, ii. 135.

Lee, employed between Essex and Tyrone, i. 411, his confession relating to Essex's treason, 412.

Lee, notes on his case, ii. 232.

Leet court-leet, its institution was for three ends, i. 649, the power of this court, ib.

Leets, stewards of leets and law-days, i. 572. Left side and right, senses alike strong on each side, limbs strongest on the right, i. 186, the cause of each, ib. Legacy, how property may be gained thereby, i. 588, what debts must first be discharged before they are to be paid, ib. may be sold to pay debts upon any deficiency, ib. "Leges," how far a union in them is desirable, i. 452. Leicester, i. 312, earl of, had the lease of the alienation office, 595.

Leigh, Barnaby, ii. 198.

Lemnos of old, dedicated to Vulcan, i. 162.

Lenox, duke of, lord steward of the king's household, employed in the inquiry into the poisoning of Sir Thomas Overbury, ii. 176, sent to the lord chancellor, 214, his letter to lord St. Alban, 239.

Lepanto, victory of, i. 523, put a hook into the nostrils of the Mahometans, ib.

Lerma, duke of, ii. 218.

Lessee, cases wherein he has discovered damages in trees being cut down, and yet no property is from thence proved to be in him, i. 616.

Letter relating to the poisoning of queen Elizabeth, &c. taken and deciphered, i. 401. Letters, an appendix of history, i. 32. Letters, when best for persons in business, i. 300. Letters of favour, so much out of the writer's reputation, 301. Letters in the reign of queen Elizabeth. To a noble lord, ii. 1, to the queen, with a new year's gift, ib. another on the same, ib. to the same, concerning a star-chamber cause, ib. to the same, with a present, 2, to the same, in excuse of his absenting from court, ib. to lord treasurer Burghley, upon determining his course of life, ib. to the same, thanking him for a promise obtained from the queen, 3, another on the same, ib. to the same, offering service, 4, to the same, in excuse of his speech in parliament against the triple subsidy, ib. to the lord keeper Puckering, concerning the solicitorship, 5, to the same, from lord Essex, upon the same subject, ib. seven more from Mr. Bacon, upon the same, 5, 6, to the lord treasurer Burghley, recommending his first suit for the solicitor's place, 7, seven to the lord keeper, 7-9, to the same from the earl of Essex, in favour of Mr. Bacon, 10, to the earl of Essex, with advice how to behave himself towards the queen, ib. to the same, upon the queen's refusal of the author's service, 12, to the same, concerning the author's marriage, ib. to Sir John Stanhope, complaining of his neglect of him, 13, three to the earl of Essex, ib. from Essex to the queen, about her usage of him, 13, 14, to Sir Robert Cecil, intimating suspicion of unfair practices, 14, to the same, expostulating upon his conduct towards the author, ib. to Foulk Grevil, complaining of the queen's neglect, 14, 15, to lord Essex, desiring he would excuse to the queen his intention of going abroad, ib. two to Sir Robert Cecil in France, ib. of advice to Essex, to take upon him the care of Irish causes, when Mr. Secretary Cecil was in France, 15, 16, of advice to Essex, upon the first treaty with Tyrone, before the earl was nominated for the charge of Ireland, 16, of advice to Essex, immediately before his going into Ireland, 17, to Essex, 18, to the same, offering his service when he was first enlarged to Essex-house, 18, 19, answer of Essex to the preceding letter of Mr. Bacon, ib. to Essex, upon his being reconciled to the queen, ib. to the same, ib. to Sir Robert Cecil, clearing himself of aspersions in the case of the earl of Essex, ib. to the lord Henry Howard, on the same subject, 20, two letters framed, the one as from Mr. Antony Bacon to the earl of Essex, the other as the earl's answer thereunto, to be shown to the queen in order to induce her to receive Essex again into favour, 20, 21, to Secretary Cecil, after the defeating of the Spanish forces in Ireland, inciting him to embrace the care of reducing that kingdom to civility, 22, considerations touching the queen's service in Ireland, 22, 23, to my lord of Canterbury, 25, to Sir Thomas Lucy, thanking him for his assistance to his kinsman, ib. to the earl of Northumberland, a few days before queen Elizabeth's death, tendering service, ib. Letters in the reign of king James, ii. 26, to Mr. Fowlys, desiring his acquaintance, ib. to the same, on the king's coming in, ib. to Sir Thomas Chaloner, then in Scotland, before the king's entrance, desiring recommendation to his majesty, ib. to the king, offering service upon his first coming, 27, to the lord Kinlosse, upon the king's entrance, desiring recommendation to him, ib. to Dr. Morison, on the same subject, 28, to Mr. Davis, gone to meet the king, on the same subject, ib. to Mr. Kempe, of the situation of affairs upon the death of the queen, ib. to the earl of Northumberland, recommending a proclamation to be made by the king at his entrance, 28, 29, to the earl of Southampton, upon the king's coming in, ib. to Mr. Matthew, signifying the proceedings of king James at his first entrance, ib. to the earl of Northumberland, giving some character of the king at his arrival, 30, to Mr. Murray, of the king's bedchamber, about knighting a gentleman, ib. to Mr. Pierce, secretary to the lord deputy of Ireland, desiring an account of the Irish affairs, ib. to the earl of Northampton, desiring him to present the "Advancement of Learning" to the king,

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