## Topographic Effects in Stratified FlowsWith an emphasis on both theory and experiment, this text describes the behaviour of homogeneous and density-stratified fluids over and around topography. In examining the similarities between the flow of a river over a barrier or weir and the flow of the atmosphere over a mountain range, this book presents a comprehensive synthesis of this topic in terms suitable for scientists, engineers, teachers and students of fluid dynamics. With this book, Professor Baines makes a notable contribution to the fields of fluid mechanics and geophysical fluid dynamics. The text will be a great asset to graduate and advanced undergraduate students, as well as to research professionals. |

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### Contents

The flow of a homogeneous layer with a free surface | 17 |

Twolayer flows | 93 |

Waves in stratified fluids | 164 |

Stratified flow over twodimensional obstacles | 224 |

flows | 316 |

Stratified flow past threedimensional topography | 344 |

Applications to practical modelling of flow over complex | 448 |

Appendix | 463 |

479 | |

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### Common terms and phrases

amplitude applies approximately assume becomes bore boundary cause Chapter complex constant continuous corresponding crest critical curve decreases defined denote density depends depth described direction discussed displacement disturbance downstream drag effects energy equations example experiments expressed field finite flow fluid flux forcing function further given gives height Hence horizontal hydraulic jump hydrostatic implies increases initial integral interface internal jump lateral layer limit linear lower maximum mean mode motion moving Nh/U non-linear observed obstacle obtained occurs past pattern perturbation plane possible pressure propagating properties range region relative represented scale separation shape shown in Figure shows side similar situation solution speed stationary steady stratified stream streamline studies supercritical surface theory tion topography two-dimensional uniform unstable upper upstream values varies velocity vertical wake wave zero