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IMPRIMATUR:

JOHN,

Archbishop of New York.

Entered according to Act of Congress, in the year 1875, by THE CATHOLIC PUBLICATION SOCIETY,

In the Office of the Librarian of Congress, at Washington, D. C.

PREFACE.

THE week before Easter has been called by several names, from the great mysteries and various ceremonies celebrated and performed in it. The Greeks and Latins anciently called it the Great Week, the Holy Week; sometimes the Painful Week-that is, the Week of Austerities; also, the Week of Sorrows, the days of the Cross or of sufferings. “We call it the Great Week," says S. Chrysostom, on Ps. 145, "not that it consists of a greater number of days, or that the days in it are longer; but on account of the great things which God has wrought in it; for on these days was the tyranny of the devil overthrown, death disarmed, sin and its curse taken away, heaven opened and made accessible, and men made fellows with the angels."

The chief object of the Church in this

week is to celebrate the memory of the pas sion and death of her Redeemer. Every part of the sacred liturgy is directed to this end; the Church's offices, more solemn and more multiplied in this week than in any other dur ing the whole year, are most especially adapted to excite in the hearts of the Faithful those various sentiments of love and gratitude, of compassion for the sufferings of our Lord, of sorrow and detestation for sin, which every Christian ought to cherish in this holy time. It is with the sincere desire of exciting pious sentiments in the hearts of the faithful that the whole liturgy of the Church for Holy Week has been collected in this volume, and is presented to the public, both in the Latin and English languages. Thus, while the pious Christian unites his voice with that of the priest and of the choir, he may also penetrate the sense of the divine office, and sanction by the fervor of his heart what he pronounces with his tongue. For this reason, the editor flatters himself that this book will not fail to please all those who still entertain a due sense

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