Francis Bacon and the Transformation of Early-Modern Philosophy
Cambridge University Press, 2001 M03 19 - 249 pages
This ambitious and important book, first published in 2001, provides a truly general account of Francis Bacon as a philosopher. It describes how Bacon transformed the values that had underpinned philosophical culture since antiquity by rejecting the traditional idea of a philosopher as someone engaged in contemplation of the cosmos. The book explores in detail how and why Bacon attempted to transform the largely esoteric discipline of natural philosophy into a public practice through a program in which practical science provided a model that inspired many from the seventeenth to the twentieth centuries. Stephen Gaukroger shows that this reform of natural philosophy was dependent on the creation of a new philosophical persona: a natural philosopher shaped through submission to the dictates of Baconian method. This book will be recognized as a major contribution to Baconian scholarship, of special interest to historians of early-modern philosophy, science, and ideas.
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1 The nature of Bacons project
2 Humanist models for scientia
3 The legitimation of natural philosophy
4 The shaping of the natural philosopher
5 Method as a way of pursuing natural philosophy
6 Dominion over nature
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Advancement of Learning alchemy antiquity argued Aristotelian Aristotle Aristotle’s atomism Bacon’s account Baconian behaviour body Book Cambridge causes chap classification concern context Copernicanism cosmology counterinstances crucial culture Democritus Descartes Descriptio detail discipline discovery discussion diurnal motion doctrine early-modern Earth eclecticism effect eliminative induction England English example fact Francis Bacon Galileo heat human humanist Ibid idea Idols Instauration issue Jean Bodin John Dee José de Acosta kind knowledge Lisa Jardine London losophy mathematics matter theory metaphysics method mind modern moral motion natural history natural phi natural philosophy natural-philosophical Novum Organum one’s Oxford Paracelsus particular philoso physical Plato practical principles procedure processes programme question reform of natural remedy Renaissance rhetoric role Scholastic Science scientific seventeenth century sixteenth century specific weight spiritus Telesio theory of matter things Thomas Digges Thomas Harriot tion traditional transformation truth ture understanding Uraniborg Valerius Terminus whereas writings