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York use a very long prayer is printed before the ordinary, to be said before the service, "quam sanctus Augustinus composuit:" and the following at the end of the canon :

"Oratio dicenda post celebrationem missæ. Gratias ago tibi, dulcissime Domine Jesu Christe, lux vera, salus credentium, solatium tristium, spesque cunctorum, gaudium angelorum: qui me miserum et magnum peccatorem famulum tuum hodie sacratissimo corpore et sanguine tuo pascere dignatus es. Ideo et ego miserrimus et innumerabilibus criminibus infectus, lachrymosis precibus imploro benignissimam misericordiam tuam, et summam clementiam, ut hæc dulcissima refectio, summa et incomprehensibilis communio, non sit mihi judicium animæ meæ sed prosit mihi in remedium ad evacuandas omnes insidias et nequitias diabolicæ fraudis, ita ut nulla ejus dominetur iniquitas in corde, corpore, anima, et sensibus meis, sed tua clementia me perducat ad superna convivia angelorum, ubi tu es vera beatitudo, clara lux, sempiterna lætitia. Amen."

Additional Note.

Additional Note.

S

I.

COME observations still remain which perhaps may fitly be put together in this place, and

some extracts and other documents relating to the Liturgy, by way of an additional note; which I trust will not be found altogether without their use.

I. First then, upon the origin of the word Missa. Some, with Baronius, have traced it to the Hebrew Missah, which signifies an oblation: others to the Greek μúŋois: and some few, of whom Albaspinæus is the chief authority, to the German Mess or Mes. With respect to this last derivation or guess a superficial modern writer, notwithstanding that it has been long exploded among the best learned in the subject, has not hesitated to state that "it can admit of no doubt." Some other derivations, not necessary to be mentioned, have been proposed and lastly that which, as it appears to me, cardinal Bona has completely established as the true one; that it is a liturgical Latin word, a mittendo; and derived from the usual form by which, first the catechumens and others were dismissed, and secondly

1 Hampson, Medii ævi Kalendarium, vol. ii. p. 263. This is a work useful in some points, but cannot be always relied on; the compiler having written in a bigoted spirit of ignorant hostility to Catholic truth. Much

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is it to be wished that some one really learned would give us a work which the above scarcely makes more than a pretence to be. By far the best at present is the Chronology of history, by Sir H. Nicolas.

the faithful at the conclusion of the service: "Ite, missa est."

For further information I shall refer the reader to the following authorities, all of whom treat fully upon the matter and in fact exhaust it: Baronius, ann. 34; Bellarmine, de missa, lib. v. cap. 1; Bona, Opera, tom. i. lib. i. cap. 1, and Sala's additions to his text; Casalius, de Christian. rit. cap. 9; Cassander, Liturgica, cap. 26 (Opera, p. 55); Durant, de ritibus, lib. ii. cap. 1; van Espen, tom. i. p. 410; Ducange, Glossarium; and Gavantus, Thesaurus, tom. i. p. 7. These are works which are more easily to be obtained than are the older ritualists, Micrologus, Alcuin, Isidore, Hugo Victorinus, &c., who agree with them. From a careful examination of these as well as of those who hold the contrary opinion we may reasonably conclude that the question has been settled, and that Missa is derived "a mittendo" and from the "Ite, missa est."

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II. The word "Missa" especially in the most ancient writers, and in ecclesiastical documents such as monastic statutes and decrees of councils, does not always signify "the Liturgy" or "Office of the Holy Communion.' It means sometimes the dismission from any divine office; sometimes the portion of the service at which catechumens were present; sometimes again that to which only the faithful had been admitted: also, as I have had occasion to remark before, it sometimes means collects or lections, or even the canonical hours, and in later ages the feast-day, as Our own Christ-mas and Michael-mas. I again refer the student to the authors before named, particularly Bona and Ducange. There is usually little difficulty in deter

2 Note 8, p. 120.

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