Understanding Words and Word Relationships: Theme 1 of the National Assessment of Reading

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NAEP, 1973 - 91 pages
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Page vii - Some books are to be tasted, others to be swallowed, and some few to be chewed and digested; that is, some books are to be read only in parts; others to be read, but not curiously; and some few to be read wholly, and with diligence and attention.
Page ii - The project reported herein was performed pursuant to a grant from the National Center for Educational Statistics of the US Office of Education, Department of Health, Education, and Welfare. However, the opinions expressed herein do not necessarily reflect the position or policy of the US Office of Education, and no official endorsement by the US Office of Education should be inferred.
Page vii - INTRODUCTION TO THE THEMES The results for the Year 02 assessment (Reading and Literature) are the first to be reported by theme. Conceptually, a theme defines a set of existing and potential exercises that relate to each other in content or some central idea that is meaningful to the subject area of concern. This format allows presenting all relevant results for each theme in a single report. The eight Reading themes are described briefly at the end of this introduction . In its broadest sense,...
Page 26 - In self-entrapment is security. They try to budget so tightly that there are no unappropriated funds, for they know these would burn a hole in their pocket. Not merely out of greed for goods, then, do they commit themselves; it is protection they want, too. And though it would be extreme to say that they go into debt to be secure, carefully charted debt does give them a certain peace of mind—and in suburbia this is more coveted than luxury itself.* How could -budgetism
Page 26 - Just as young couples are now paying winter oil bills in equal monthly fractions through the year, so they seek to spread out all the other heavy seasonal obligations they can anticipate: Christmas presents, real-estate taxes, birthdays, spring cleaning, outfitting the children for school. If vendors will not oblige by accepting equal monthly installments, the purchasers will smooth out the load themselves by floating loans. It is, suburbanites cheerfully explain, a matter of psychology. They don't...
Page 26 - They are exponents of what could be called "budgetism." This does not mean that they actually keep formal budgets. Quite the contrary; the beauty of budgetism is that one doesn't have to keep a budget at all. It's done automatically. In the new middle-class rhythm of hie obligations are homogenized, for the overriding aim is to have oneself precommitted to regular, unvarying monthly payments on all the major items.
Page ix - Theme 2 is characterized by materials using a variety of formats other than line-by-line narrative to convey their messages. Graphic materials can be used alone in lieu of line-by-line narrative or can be used in conjunction with line-by-line narrative to clarify or augment its meaning. Theme 3: Written Directions Subtheme A: Understand written directions Subtheme B: Carry out written directions Directions are information-imparting materials that tell how to do something. The subtheme understand...
Page xii - ... learning areas: art, career and occupational development, citizenship, literature, mathematics, music, reading, science, social studies and writing. Different learning areas are assessed every year, and all areas are periodically reassessed in order to measure change in educational achievement. Each assessment is the product of several years' work by a great many educators, scholars and lay persons from all over the country.
Page x - Drawing inferences requires that an individual derive a conclusion not explicitly stated in the passage but which logically might be expected on the basis of the organization of the passage and the information it contains. For some exercises, the individual needs only the information in the passage to derive a conclusion; for others, however, he must also have some additional information based upon his prior experience. Theme 8: Critical Reading Critical reading requires from an individual the highest...
Page 26 - Suburbanites are not irresponsible. Indeed, what is striking about the young couples' march along the abyss is the earnestness and precision with which they go about it. They are extremely budget-conscious. They can rattle off most of their monthly payments down to the last penny; one might say that even their impulse buying is deliberately planned. They are conscientious in meeting obligations and rarely do they fall delinquent in their accounts. They are exponents of what could be called budget...

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