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per me aut per nuntios meos, visitabo, nisi apostolica absolvar licentia. Possessiones ad mensam mei archiepiscopatus pertinentes non vendam, neque donabo, neque impignorabo, neque de novo infeodabo, vel aliquo modo alienabo, inconsulto Romano pontifice. Sic me Deus adjuvet, et hæc sancta evangelia.

Lecta vero professione, archiepiscopus accipiat pallium in manibus suis, et statim incipiat cantor :

Te Deum.

Interim vero stet archiepiscopus coram altari, tenens pallium plicatum in manu sua, et accedant omnes fratres, a priore incipientes; et osculentur pallium cum reverentia.

Quibus expletis, et lotis pedibus archiepiscopi, præparet se archiepiscopus ad missam celebrandam, et indutus pontificalibus in vestiario, antequam pallio circumdetur, dicatur ab illo qui pallium detulit a curia Romana si episcopus fuerit, alioquin ab alio episcopo solemniori tunc præsente, hæc oratio:*

4 The Leofric MS. in the Bodleian contains: "Orationes quæ dicendæ sunt super archiepiscopo, antequam palliam accipiat." I place them here, on account of the age and value of that manuscript.

"Deus, omnipotens Pater, qui non propriis suffragantibus meritis, sed sola ineffabili, etc.

"Alia.

"Deus, innocentiæ restitutor et amator, dirige hunc famulum tuum, ill. Spiritus tui fervore, ut in fide inveniatur stabilis, et in operibus tuis efficax. Illumina

eum lumine sapientiæ, munda eum et sanctifica, da ei consilium rectum, doctrinam sanctam, ut qui eum inter summos sacerdotes voluisti numerare, concede ut quod humano ore eum voluisti vocari, hoc in conspectu tuo per gratiam tuæ pietatis possit fieri, ut cum electis tuis æternæ vitæ beatitudinem percipere mereatur.

"Sequitur oratio postquam acceptum fuerit.

"Domine sancte, Pater omnipotens, æterne Deus, Rex regum et Dominus dominantium, clementiam tuam humiliter exoramus

Domine Deus, Pater omnipotens, qui sola ineffabili gratiæ tuæ largitate hunc famulum tuum .N. populo tuo præesse jussisti: tribue ei, quæsumus, per gratiam Sancti Spiritus tui, digne tibi persolvere ministerium officii sacerdotalis, ecclesiasticis convenienter servire sacramentis, plebemque sibi commissam ad gloriam tui sancti nominis digne gubernare. Per Dominum. In unitate.

Qua dicta, ponatur ei pallium super humeros, dicente episcopo:

Accipe pallium summi sacerdotii Domini Dei tui signum, per quod undique vallatus atque munitus, valeas

necnon et Unigeniti Filii tui Domini nostri Jesu Christi, qui omnes æterno pontificatu supereminens, solus sine macula sacerdotale ministerium implevit; simulque Sancti Spiritus, cujus septiformi gratia cœlesti virtute cuncta sanctificas, ut hunc famulum tuum, ill. divinæ providentiæ gratia largiente, a minoribus usque ad majora per gradus ascendentem, supernæ pietatis tuæ gremio gratanter suscipias, et quia nobis indignis, quos sedis apostolicæ summæque ministros servitutis, non exigentibus meritis sed dono clementiæ constituisti, salutaribus indumentis ad sacri altaris officium foras vestitus in præsenti apparet, ab omnibus criminum contagiis castigatus, perpetua spiritus tui sanctificatione intus impleri mereatur, vivique fontis fluentibus irrigatum, virtutum fructibus crescere, et coram omnibus clarescere concedas,

ut ejus vita aliis possit exempla præbere. Sit ei honor pallii ornamentum animæ, et unde advenit fastigium visibile, inde florescat amor invisibilis. Tua divina potentia eum corroboret, tui Filii virtus viscera ejus fœcundet, tui Spiritus gratia interiora ejus impleat, per te firmitatem fidei catholicæ, non solum sibimet servandi sed etiam alios docendi causa, conservet. Per te cathedræ episcopalis et ecclesiæ universalis scutum non solum a spiritualibus, sed etiam a corporalibus hujus sæculi adversitatibus, habere mereatur. Per te apostolicæ dignitatis, in cœlis et in terris solvendi et ligandi, non solum corpora sed et animas, divina ditatus gratia, dominium suscipiat; ut ita dignis successibus devote degens, ad destinata sanctis præmia perveniens, æternam accipiat beatitudinem. Per."

hostis humani tentamentis resistere, et omnes insidias ejus a penetralibus cordis tui, divino munimine fultus, procul abjicere: præstante Domino nostro, Jesu Christo, qui vivit et regnat Deus, per omnia sæcula sæculorum. Amen.5

His peractis, archiepiscopus pontificalibus indutus in vestiario, et pallio redimitus cum tribus diaconis, et

5 In this form, we find no no. tice of that extraordinary claim which has been introduced into the modern pontifical of the church of Rome. Whatever may have ⚫been the actual practice of the primate of the English Church during the two or three centuries immediately preceding the reformation, the office appointed at the reception of the pall, did not recognize any other signification of it, in the Form at its delivery, than the ancient one of a mark of honour and dignity. But that the reader may the better see the distinction, which I am remarking, it will be well to transcribe the corresponding part of the present order of the church of Rome: which, although not adopted in England, is to be traced, it is said, to the authority of Innocent III.

"Ad honorem omnipotentis Dei, et beatæ Mariæ,

tradimus tibi pallium de corpore beati Petri sumptum, in quo est plenitudo pontificalis officii, cum patriarchalis vel archiepiscopalis nominis appellatione, etc."

With respect to this, the Roman theologians are obliged to confess,

that there is not a shadow of any proof of such a claim, or pretence, as that the jurisdiction of a metropolitan depends upon his reception of the pall, to be found in the first centuries after its adoption at all, in any way: not to speak of the ages preceding, during which we hear nothing of the pall. And to such an extent is this usurpation of the court of Rome now pressed, that an archbishop or metropolitan, although consecrated, cannot perform any of those duties, which are peculiar to, or characteristic of, his office: he cannot consecrate a church (for example,) or confer orders. In fact, if he has been previously a bishop, and is translated to this higher dignity, the effect is, that for a time, until he has obtained his pall, he is suspended: and so far from obtaining at once increased power and authority, even that which he had is certainly taken from him for a season, and, if any difficulties are interposed, it can be regained only after a long delay, and trouble, and expense.

zurum scribit. Et ex tunc omnia

er: Mantur fico archiepiscopus palINCHLI Emulier recerit.

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Qualiter processiones fiunt causa

venerationis, scilicet ad suscipiendum Archi

episcopum, proprium Episcopum, Le

gatum vel Cardinalem, Regem
vel Reginam.

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