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Terrorism & Invisible Balance of Power
In his book, “Invisible Balance of Power, US vs Islamic Militants: Dangerous Shift in International Relations”, published in 2005, Sajjad Shaukat has taken
present ‘different war’ as an interaction of ‘state terrorism’ led by the United States and the ‘group terrorism’ by the Al Qaeda or Islamic militants. It is notable that a number of authors have written books about the 9/11 tragedy, but ground realities developed in accordance with the book. After seeing the main title, some people think that the book is against the US or its western allies, but without any prejudice, he has discussed both the sovereign and non-sovereign entities on parallel lines in this research-based book. On the one hand, he has pointed out Al Qaeda’s ambush attacks, targeted killings, beheadings etc., while on the other, he has mentioned special operations by the US forces in Afghanistan and Iraq, and CIA-tortures cells in various Islamic countries. In this regard, missile strikes by the drones on Pakistan’s tribal areas and elsewhere amounts to state terrorism, which are being responded by the internal backlash…suicide attacks and hostage-takings by the Muslim radicals. Shaukat has proved that both the warring parties kill innocent civilians through ruthless terror.
Giving a number of references of the power-theorists like Machiavelli, Hobbes, Morgentahu etc. Shaukat has written that power factor or use of forces has failed in this different war which took origin from the privileged and unprivileged status quo led by the most developed states and the less developed countries respectively.
Besides, Shaukat has introduced new ideas about the issues relating to the Islamic ideology, Jehad, liberalism, Western world, terrorism, causes of suicide attacks etc.
Particularly, future observations of the author like a prolonged war, failure of military paradigm by the state actors in coping with the non-state actors, increase in US cost of war, rise of more terrorism, unsuccessful mission of NATO in Afghanistan, plane plot in UK, international financial crisis, warlike situation between America and Iran, Syria and Israel including other developments have proved correct.
Shaukat also gave positive suggestions to the US, but President Obama did not act upon them. Therefore war on terror has resulted into more implications as already predicted by the author. For example, he elaborated that Al Qaeda fighters have been creating economic instability in the world through their subversive acts, giving a blow to the larger economies of the US and the developed nations.
The book indicates that realism (power factor) must be reconciled with idealism, which is essential for world peace and geo-political interests of the US-led developed countries and those of the small countries by reforming the system of the UN.
It is due to the present scenario of war against terrorism—which already pointed out by the author that the publisher reprinted the book after seven years.
Main Title: Invisible Balance of Power
Author: Sajjad Shaukat -ISBN, 9690019589
Published by: Ferozsons, 60 Shahrah-i-Quaid-i-Azam, Lahore, Pakistan
Date of Publication: 2005
Pages: 245
Price: Rs. 495
Reprinted in 2013, Price: Rs. 595
Publisher’s Email: support@ferozsons.com.pk
www.@ferozsons.com.pk
Telephone: 0092 42 35712024
0092 42 35712276
Author’s Email: sajjad_logic@yahoo.com
 

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Invisible Balance of Power Remains Applicable
Reviewed by Zaheer Ud Din
Despite their weak position, non-state actors, popularly called
Islamic militants have counterbalanced the power of the US-led powers, which have been facing a stiff resistance across other parts of the world in general and Afghanistan in particular. Unlike war against terrorism, the author; Sajjad Shaukat calls invisible balance of power by which he means that just like the system of balance of power, sub-national groups are checking the hegemony of the United States, most powerful state on the earth. Just as the ex-president Bush had named it a ‘different war’ against the militants, the author also proves it as a different balance of power. Failure of the US and its allies in coping with the non-state actors itself verifies the existence of invisible balance of power though different in action, but has the potential of creating a balance of power in a vacuum which emerged after the disintegration of the Soviet Union, when no major country or alliance of states had checked the world dominance of the sole superpower.
The author discusses the past theories of the political philosophers, and applies them to the ongoing different war which took origin from the privileged and unprivileged status quo led by the most developed states and the less developed countries. Sajjad elaborates that when political and economic injustices of the US-led powerful states rendered the governments of the small states helpless and when coercive diplomacy continued on the weak countries, the non-state actors started organizing themselves against America and its supported sovereign entities…which resulted in a different style conflict. Since 9/11, while pointing our various developments in the world such as invasion and occupation of Afghanistan and Iraq, stiff resistance of the Islamic radicals there through bombasts and suicide attacks…as also noted in Uzbekistan, Philippines, Yemen and Saudi Arabia from time to time, the author has logically proved that both the sovereign and non-sovereign entities mostly use invisible tactics, ultimately causing panic in the respective societies. Besides ambush attacks and brutal acts by the Islamic insurgents, he equally explains the special military operations of the US and NATO forces and targeted killings including similar pattern by other state actors in the occupied territories of Kashmir, Palestine and Somalia. While giving examples of these small states, particularly Afghanistan and Iraq, the author indicates that “moral force” of Muslim militants has rendered the superior “physical force” of the US troopers obsolete because the holy warriors take a minimum amount of physical force and convert it to maximum amount of power due to the psychological impact by demoralization.
Sajjad has taken present ‘different war’ or ‘terrorism’ as an interaction of state terrorism led by the United States and the group terrorism by the Al Qaeda or Taliban. In both cases, innocent civilians become targets of ruthless terror. In this context, missile strikes by the CIA-operated drones on Pakistan’s tribal areas and elsewhere amounts state terrorism terrorism, which are being responded by the internal backlash…suicide attacks and hostage-takings by the militants.
Title: US vs Islamic Militants, Invisible Balance of Power: Dangerous Shift in International Relations
Main Title: Invisible Balance of Power
Author: Sajjad Shaukat -ISBN, 9690019589
Published by: Ferozsons, 60 Shahrah-i-Quaid-i-Azam, Lahore, Pakistan
Year of Publication: 2005
Pages: 245
Reprinted: 2013
Price Rs. 595
Publisher’s Email: support@ferozsons.com.pk
www.@ferozsons.com.pk
Author’s Email: sajjad_logic@yahoo.com
 

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Invisible Balance of Power is Still Applicable
Reviewed by Zameer Athar
Although a number of western thinktanks have started indicating the failure of force being used by the US-led states in
coping with the non-state actors, popularly called Islamic militants alongwith the economic experts who take the ongoing prolonged war against terrorism as the root cause of global financial crisis, yet I have been greatly surprised after going through a book, titled, ‘US vs Islamic Militants, Invisible Balance of Power: Dangerous Shift in International Relations’ which was published four years ago. And its author, Sajjad Shaukat had already pointed out these future assessments.
The author while introducing a new theory of Invisible Balance of Power reveals that despite their weak position, Islamic militants have counterbalanced the power of the US and its allies which have been facing a stiff resistance across various parts of the world in general and Afghanistan including Iraq in particular. Just like the ex-president Bush who had named it a different war, the author also proves it in the book logically as a different balance of power between the states and non-state actors.
After rationalising his idea with several references of past political philosophers, Sajjad remarks that like the system of balance of power, sub-national groups are checking the hegemony of the United States, most powerful state on earth. Since 9/11, while explaining various developments in the world such as occupation of Afghanistan and Iraq, stiff resistance of the Islamic radicals there—in Uzbekistan, Philippines, Yemen and Saudi Arabia from time to time, the author has discussed his new theory which is still being verified by the ground realities. He indicates that both the sovereign and non-sovereign entities mostly use invisible tactics, devising their strategy to hit and run, ultimately causing panic in the respective societies. Besides ambush attacks and brutal acts by the Islamic insurgents, he equally elaborates the special military operations of the US and NATO forces and targeted killings including similar pattern by other state actors in the controlled territories of Kashmir, Palestine and Somalia. While giving instances of these small states, especially Afghanistan and Iraq, the author argues that “moral force” of the Islamic activists has rendered the superior “physical force” of the US troopers obsolete.
While mentioning the causes of Invisible Balance of Power, Sajjad writes that after the collapse of the former Soviet Union, power vacuum was created in the world because no major country or alliance of the nation states had checked the world dominance of the sole superpower as required by the balance of power. It was in these circumstances that Muslim radicals started checking the hegemony of the United States in the unipolar world. With the passage of time, these non-sovereign entities have organized themselves from Somalia to Afghanistan, and now are successfully fighting against the sovereign entities. In this regard, the book which takes the ongoing different war as a conflict between the privileged and the unprivileged status quo led by the developed countries and by the less developed states respectively, explains that when political and economic injustices of the US-led powerful state actors rendered the governments of the small states helpless and when coercive diplomacy continued on the weak countries, the non-state actors planned to fight against America and its partners.
Most interesting aspect of the book is that Sajjad has discussed every new idea on the parallel lines. For example, while pointing out other causes of this war, he argues that extremism has developed both in the Muslims and the Americans owing to their two different and peculiar historical backgrounds. As regards the Muslims, it is a sense of deprivation or inferiority, while in case of the Americans, it is a sense of special status or superiority. When extremism is found in both the Americans and the Islamic Jihadi groups, the
 

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