Diasporas and Ethnic Migrants: German, Israel, and Post-Soviet Successor States in Comparative Perspective

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Psychology Press, 2003 - 460 pages
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With the political changes between 1989 and 1992, ethnic unmixing and ethnic migration reached a new climax. State formation in the aftermath of the dissolution of the Soviet Union and the collapse of Yugoslavia led to a new dynamic of interethnic relations between majority and minority populations. The break-up of these two multi-ethnic states created new minorities and made certain members of the previous titular nation (eg Russians, Serbs) into ethnic minorities. New states such as Croatia, Estonia and Macedonia were faced with the fact that large segments of their populations consisted of minorities. Return migration to Russia occurred when approximately 25 million (ethnic) Russians became minorities in the successor states of the former Soviet Union. In 20th-century Europe overall 40 to 60 million people were transferred, resettled or expelled as a consequence of ethnic cleansing. This work examines the reasons for and the practice of ethnic migration and the challenges it produces.
 

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Contents

Diasporas and Ethnic Migrants in Twentieth Century Europe A Comparative Perspective
3
THEORITICAL AND COMPARATIVE PERSPECTIVES
19
From Diasporas to Migrants from Migrants to Diasporas
21
Minority Existence in TwentiethCentury Central and Eastern Europe Between Self and Other?
37
The American Model of Diasporic Discourse
56
MAKING AND UNMAKING DIASPORAS ETHNIC UNMIXING AND FORCED MIGRATIONS IN TWENTIETHCENTURY EUROPE
75
The Spell of the Homogeneous NationState Structural Factors and Agents of Ethnic Cleansing
77
Ethnic Cleansing as an Invention of the Twentieth Century An Account of Expulsions in Europe
98
Russians Abroad Citizenship and Political Community in Estonia and Kazakhstan
238
GERMANY ETHNIC MIGRATION AND DIASPORA EXISTENCE IN TRANSITION
259
Ethnic Germans in Central and Eastern Europe and their Return to Germany
261
Young Ethnic German Immigrants from the Former Soviet Union German Language Proficiency and its Impact on Integration
272
The Politicization of Ethnic German Immigrants The Transformation of State Priorities
289
Who Organizes? The Political Opportunity Structure of CoEthnic Migrant Mobilization
305
ISRAEL OLD DIASPORAS AND NEW IMMIGRANTS
325
Immigration and Ethnicity in Israel Returning Diaspora and NationBuilding
327

Ethnic Migrations of the 1990s from and to the Successor States of the Former Soviet Union Repatriation or Privileged Migration?
112
RUSS1A AND THE POSTSOVIET SUCCESSOR STATES NEW DIASPORAS AND ETHNIC MIGRANTS
129
The End of an Empire Migration and the Changing Nationality Composition of the Soviet Successor States
131
The Dissolution of the Soviet Union and PostSoviet Ethnic Migration The Return of Diasporas?
155
Returning Home? Approaches to Repatriation and Migrant Resettlement in PostSoviet Russia
173
Social Citizenship and NonMigration The Immobility of the Russian Diaspora in the Baltics
188
Todays Politics and Yesterdays Embitterments Ethnic Restructuring and its Aftermath in the Baltic states
206
The RussianSpeaking Identity under the Latvian Language Policy
221
Integration and the Social Dynamic of Ethnic Migration The Jews from the Former Soviet Union in Israel
338
The Russian Language as a Base Factor The Formation of the Russian Community in Israel
355
A Case Study in Transnationalism Russian Jewish Immigrants in Israel of the 1990s
370
The End of Normality The Diasporization of Israel?
385
References
401
Index
444
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