Byzantium and Its Army, 284-1081

Front Cover
Stanford University Press, 1995 - 250 pages
The Byzantine Empire was almost always ready to fight, and often fought for its life. During much of its history its provinces were military districts called themes, and acclamation by the army, not coronation or inheritance, was what made a man emperor. The army overthrew twenty-odd rulers, and tried to oust many more. It was large and expansive but on the whole it served its purpose well. Over eight centuries, despite losing a surprising number of battles, the army succeeded in preserving both itself and Byzantium. In view of its importance in Byzantine history, it is surprising that this volume is the first general book on the Byzantine army in any language.

The author traces the army s impact on the Byzantine state and society from the army s reorganization under Diocletian (284-305) until its disintegration in the aftermath of the battle of Manzikert (1071). He suggests solutions to some major unresolved questions of Byzantine military history: how big was the army, how was it organized, how much of it was cavalry, how much was it paid, how was it supplied, when and why did it receive land grants in the themes, and why, after surviving so many disasters, did it fail to survive the not particularly disastrous eleventh century?

 

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User Review  - rnsulentic - LibraryThing

Just outstanding. Treadgold's discussion of the size of the Late Roman army is worth the price of the book alone. Read full review

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Kwrko me illyricum.

Contents

ONE The Roman Armys Second Millennium
8
TWO Numbers
43
Eastern Army Units in the Notitia Dignitatum
50
Army Units from 773 to 899
67
Army Units in 559 and 773
74
THREE Structures
87
Development of Command Structures
96
Development of the Thracesian Theme ΙΟΙ
101
Payroll of Selected Themes and Tagmata in 842
129
Payroll of the Army in 842
134
FIVE The Army and Society
158
Estimated Population and Army Size from 284 to 1025
162
SIX The Army and the State
187
Estimated Budgets ca 300 to ca 1025
195
Summary of Budgetary Estimates
198
The Eastern Roman Empire about 395 12
199

Development of the Tagma of the Scholae
103
Officers of the Tagmata
104
FOUR Pay
118
Military Pay Scale in 842 I 22
122
The Themes about 1025 82
208
List of Eastern Roman Byzantine
223
Index
235
Copyright

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About the author (1995)

Warren Treadgold is Professor of History at Florida International University.

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